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LEGAL DESCRIPTION. THE LEGAL DESCRIPTION IDENTIFIES PROPERTY IN SUCH TERMS THAT IT CANNOT BE CONFUSED WITH ANY OTHER PROPERTY. A LEGAL DESCRIPTION IS ALWAYS INCLUDED IN AN APPRAISAL REPORT. THREE PRINCIPLE METHODS ARE USED FOR DESCRIBING REAL PROPERTY IN THE U.S . THE METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM

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Legal description
LEGALDESCRIPTION

  • THE LEGAL DESCRIPTION IDENTIFIES PROPERTY IN SUCH TERMS THAT IT CANNOT BE CONFUSED WITH ANY OTHER PROPERTY.

  • A LEGAL DESCRIPTION IS ALWAYS INCLUDED IN AN APPRAISAL REPORT.


Legal description


Legal description


Metes and bounds system
METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM AGRICULTURAL USE.

  • A SURVEY SYSTEM WHICH MEASURES AND IDENTIFIES LAND BY DESCRIBING PROPERTY BOUNDARIES.

  • THIS SYSTEM WAS USED FOR LAND TRANSFERS IN THE ORIGINAL COLONIES AND SOME PARTS OF TEXAS.


Legal description


Legal description


Rectangular survey system
RECTANGULAR SURVEY SYSTEM IS TIED INTO ADJOINING SURVEYS.

  • THE RECTANGULAR SYSTEM WAS INTRODUCED IN 1784.

  • THE RECTANGULAR SYSTEM IS BASED ON SETS OF INTERSECTING LINES:


Legal description

PRINCIPLE MERIDIANS IS TIED INTO ADJOINING SURVEYS., WHICH RUN NORTH AND SOUTH

BASE LINES, WHICH RUN EAST AND WEST


Legal description

  • A IS TIED INTO ADJOINING SURVEYS.RANGE IS CREATED BY LINES WHICH RUN NORTH AND SOUTH PARALLEL TO THE PRINCIPLE MERIDIANS.

  • EACH RANGE IS SIX MILES WIDE.

  • EACH SIX-MILE-WIDE RANGE IS DESIGNATED BY CONSECUTIVE NUMBERS EAST OR WEST OF THE PRINCIPLE MERIDIAN.


Legal description

  • A IS TIED INTO ADJOINING SURVEYS.TOWNSHIP ARE SIX-MILE BY SIX-MILE BLOCKS OF LAND THAT ARE TIERED WITHIN THE STRIPS FORMED BY THE RANGE LINES.

  • EACH TOWNSHIP IS SIX BY SIX MILES, WHICH IS 36 SQUARE MILES.

  • EACH TOWNSHIP IS DESIGNATED BY CONSECUTIVE NUMBERS NORTH OR SOUTH OF THE BASE LINE.


Legal description

  • EACH IS TIED INTO ADJOINING SURVEYS.SECTION IS ONE MILE SQUARE, THERE BEING 36 SECTIONS IN A TOWNSHIP.

  • A SECTION IS 640 ACRES.

  • SECTIONS ARE DIVIDED INTO SMALLER AREAS SUCH AS HALVES AND QUARTERS.


Legal description


Lot and block system
LOT AND BLOCK SYSTEM IDENTIFIES THE PRECISE LOCATION OF PROPERTY ON A GRID.

  • THE LOT AND BLOCK SYSTEM APPLIES IN MOST URBAN COMMUNITIES.

  • A TRACT OF LAND IS SURVEYED AND PLATTED INTO RECTANGULAR BLOCKS AND LOTS.


Legal description


Land measurements
LAND MEASUREMENTS IDENTIFIES THE PRECISE LOCATION OF PROPERTY ON A GRID.

  • ONE SECTION = 640 ACRES

    = ONE SQ. MILE

  • HALF SECTION = 320 ACRES

  • QUARTER SECTION = 160 ACRES

  • ONE ACRE = 43,560 SQ.FT.

  • ONE MILE = 5,280 FT.

  • ONE LABOR = 177 ACRES

  • ONE VARA = 33.33 INCHES

  • ONE CHAIN = 66 FT.

  • ONE ACRE IS 10 SQ. CHAINS


Soils
SOILS IDENTIFIES THE PRECISE LOCATION OF PROPERTY ON A GRID.

  • SOILS ARE THE BASIC COMPONENT OF VALUE IN AGRICULTURAL PROPERTIES.

  • SOILS ARE THE MEDIUM OF PRODUCTIVE CAPABILITY.


Legal description


Productivity ratings
PRODUCTIVITY RATINGS CAN BE REALIZED FROM AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

  • PRODUCTIVITY RATINGS ARE ESSENTIAL TO THE APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTURAL PROPERTIES.

  • VARIOUS METHODS MAY BE USED TO ARRIVE AT SOME ESTIMATE OF RELATIVE PRODUCTIVITY OF PROPERTIES.



Land capability classification system
LAND CAPABILITY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM TO ESTIMATE PRODUCTIVITY.

  • THE LAND CAPABILITY CLASSIFICATION (LCC) SYSTEM WAS DEVELOPED BY THE SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE (NOW THE NRCS).

  • THIS CLASSIFICATION IS BASED ON THE LIMITATIONS OF THE SOIL RATHER THAN POTENTIAL YIELD.

  • INDICATES THE GENERAL SUITABILITY OF SOILS FOR MOST KINDS OF CROPS.


Legal description

  • Class I TO ESTIMATE PRODUCTIVITY.soils have few limitations that restrict use.

  • Class II soils have moderate limitations that reduce the choice of plants or that require moderate conservation practices.

  • Class III soils have severe limitations that reduce the choice of plants or that require, special conservation practices.

  • Class IV soils have severe limitations that reduce the choice of plants or that require very careful management, or both.


Legal description

  • Class V TO ESTIMATE PRODUCTIVITY. soils generally are not considered suitable for cultivation. These soils are likely to erode, but have other limitations, impractical to remove, that limit their use.

  • Class VI, VII, and VIII are soils that have severe limitations that make them unsuitable for cultivation or commercial crop production.


Legal description

CAPABILITY SUBCLASSES TO ESTIMATE PRODUCTIVITY.

  • Subclass e - the main limitation is risk of erosion.

  • Subclass w - the main limitation to the soil is excess water, poor drainage, wetness, high water table, or overflow.

  • Subclass s - the soil is limited because it is shallow, droughty, or stony, or has some other soil problem in the rooting zone.

  • Subclass c - the chief limitation is climate that is too cold or too dry.


Soil productivity indexing
SOIL PRODUCTIVITY INDEXING TO ESTIMATE PRODUCTIVITY.

  • A SOIL PRODUCTIVITY INDEX IS BASED ON THE RELATIVE PRODUCTIVE CAPACITIES OF DIFFERENT SOIL TYPES.

  • IT IS A RELATIVE INDEX IN THAT IT IS CALCULATED USING A BASE SOIL TYPE.


Legal description