European Feudalism Mr. Pentzak Level I Individuals & Societies Spring 2014
Bell Ringer 5/20 & 5/21 • Please write your name, date, and block on the piece of paper I handed to you • Please fill out the reflection sheet completely (three things per column) • Make sure you give yourself a score out of 8, justify that score, and then tell me what you would do differently next time on an assignment like the Ottoman Empire Travel Brochure
Presentations • You will be scored while you present your project • I will look over each project individually later to ensure accuracy • If you were not able to print, you must present electronically • You must make arrangements to print your project ON or BEFORE Friday 5/30
Vocabulary List 5 • Hierarchy • Allegiance • Fealty • Manorialism • Feudalism (You had it before, but you need it again) • Secular • Ecclesiastical • Clergy • Serf • Vassal
List Five Definitions • Hierarchy- a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority • Allegiance- loyalty or commitment of a subordinate to a superior or of an individual to a group or cause. • Fealty- the obligation or the engagement to be faithful to a lord, usually sworn to by a vassal. • Manorialism- in medieval times, the organization of rural economy and society in which the land holding nobles owned self-sufficient estates worked on by legally obligated peasants • Feudalism-A social system in which the ruler gives lands to nobles in exchange for loyalty and military service
List Five Definitions • Secular- denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis. • Ecclesiastical- of or relating to a church especially as an established institution • Clergy- the body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church. • Serf-an agricultural laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate. • Vassal-a person or country in a subordinate position to another.
Medieval/Middle Ages • Terms are often interchangeable • Refers to the period of time from the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century CE until the collapse of the Eastern Roman Empire in 1453 CE • Without a strong central government, what do you think life in Europe was like back then? (Think back to when we talked about the Dark Age of Greece)
What do they do? • Kings- • Nobles- • Knights- • Priests- • Skilled Laborer- • Peasants-
Daily Life • Go to this website: • http://www.imaginon.org/fun/whippingboy/medmod.asp?themeid=2&activityid=11 • Pick five things and make a table that compares/contrasts Medieval to Modern life. • BBC Interactive: • http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks3/history/middle_ages/everyday_life_middle_ages/activity/
Feudal System • King owns everything gives lands to nobles (lords/barons) build manors (mansions) with everything they need vassals swear allegiance to the lord serfs work the fields
Bell Ringer (Homework Quiz) • Take out a BLANK sheet of paper • Write your NAME, DATE, & BLOCK in the upper right hand corner • Title it “Homework Quiz” • Number it 1-4 • Write the letter of the correct response • Don’t worry, it is a tier one! • But… don’t get any wrong (each one is worth 25%!)
1st Block 1. When did peasants get time off work? • Bank holidays • Summer holidays • Holy days 2. What did craftsmen become members of? • Trade unions • Political parties • Guilds 3. How did medieval writers divide society? • Upper, middle and working class. • Interests such as trade and land. • Fighters, workers and prayers. 4. What was the curfew? • A form of punishment. • A bell to announce the start of the day. • An order to stay indoors.
2nd Block 1. What did peasants drink? • Tea • Water • Beer 2. How did medieval writers divide society? • Upper, middle and working class. • Interests such as trade and land. • Fighters, workers and prayers. 3. When did peasants get time off work? • Bank holidays • Summer holidays • Holy days 4. Which room was the center of a castle? • Solar • Minstrel gallery • Great Hall
3rd Block 1. What did peasants drink? • Tea • Beer • Water 2. How did medieval writers divide society? • Upper, middle and working class. • Fighters, workers and prayers. • Interests such as trade and land. 3. What did craftsmen become members of? • Trade unions • Guilds • Political parties 4. When did peasants get time off work? • Bank holidays • Holy days • Summer holidays
Magna Carta Comic Strip • You will research the history and significance of the Magna Carta • This information will be used to create a comic strip that does the following:
Bell Ringer • What was the most memorable lesson in this class this year? • What was the most challenging lesson/content from my class this year?
Bell Ringer • What does a civilization need?(Resources, social structures, infrastructure etc.) • WHY? • If you were making your own civilization, what would it be like?
Create your own civilization! • Must include: • Natural boundaries? • Water source? • Fertile land? • Crops grown? • Type of government? • Matriarchal/Patriarchal? • Mono/Polytheism? • Social hierarchy? • Natural resources? • Map?