Spelling Today. It is assumed that * if pupils learn to read they also learn to spell. * if pupils are given enough opportunities to write they will eventually spell correctly without formal instruction.
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* if pupils learn to read they also learn to spell.
* if pupils are given enough opportunities to write
they will eventually spell correctly without formal
If you give a man a fish, he eats it for a day, if you teach a man how to fish, he eats fish for a lifetime.
Spelling has its own unique characteristics and should be taught explicitly.
b/ c/ d / g / h / k / l / n / p / s / t / w / gh
Now is the time to start teaching spelling explicitly
It demands in addition to
sound-symbol correspondence knowledgeand
exactmemory for letter patternsand words
integration of the following:
********Some knowledge of syllabification rules
e.g. Ask pupils to give examples of words ending with the “ch” sound as in watch.
Checkpoint: one syllable, short vowel, final consonant f/i / s
Exceptions: bus, us, yes, has, gas, this, pal
Checkpoint: two syllables, 1 medial consonant sound, short vowel sound in the first syllable
Checkpoint: one vowel in the final syllable, one consonant after that vowel, final syllable accented, a vowel suffix is being added.
Exceptions: 7 letters never or rarely double h,k,y,j,v,w,x
Checkpoint: final “e”, a vowel suffix that is being added
Checkpoint: a consonant before a final “y”, final “y”, a suffix that doesn’t begin with “I” (skiing)
'c' or 'k'?
When we hear the sound /k/ at the beginning of a word write 'k' if it is followed by 'e' or 'i' and 'c' if followed by 'a', 'o', 'u' or a consonant(key/kid/candle/cup)
'ck' or 'k' at the end of the word
We write 'ck at the end of a single-syllable word which has a short vowel sound. (black/clock)
We write 'k' at the end of a single syllable word, when it is preceded by 'n‘,'s', 'r', or 'l' or by two vowel letters .(book,dark)
We write '-c' when we hear the sound /ik/ at the end of a word that hastwo or more syllables (plastic/logic/clinic)
When we hear the sound /kw/ in a word, we write ‘qu’. ‘Q’ never stands alone: it is always followed by ‘u’+vowel.(quiet/kite, square/scare)
We write ‘-ll’ or ‘-ss’ at the end of a single- syllable word, preceded by one short vowel letter. (-all, -ell, -ess, -iss’, -aff, -azz)
Exaple: pill-pile / feel-fell / seal-sell
Exeptions: bus/ us/ yes/ plus/ this/ pal / has/ gas (sound of “s” is “z”)
The rule doesn’t apply to words that have more than one syllable.
The rule doesn’t apply to “ful” ending – helpful.
“-tch” or “ch” ?
1- When you hear “i” saying its name in a one-syllable word followed by a single consonant sound, the first choice is to write “i-e”.(five)
2- When we hear “I” saying its name at the end of a word, the first choice is to write “y”. English words can not end with the letter “I”
(fly/ try/cry)(Exceptions: guy,buy,tie,die,lie,eye,dye)
3- When we hear the sound “i” followed by the sound “t”, our second choice will be to write “igh”.(sight/bright/night)
4- When we hear”I” saying its name in the middle of a one-syllable word followed by a single consonant sound, our first choice is to write “i_e”.(ride/ bike/nice)
1- When we hear “a” saying its name in the middle of a one-syllable word followed by a single consonant sound, our first choice is to write “a_e”.(name/game)
Exceptions: eight, weight, reign, break, steak
2- When we hear “a” saying its name at the end of a word, our first choice is to write ”_ay”(play/say/way).
Exceptions: grey, prey, they, survey, weigh, sleigh, hey)
3- When we hear “a” saying its name in the middle of a one-syllable word, our second choice is to write “ai”. It’s generally followed by “l” sail, “n” rain, “r” pair, “d” maid, “t” wait, and “se” praise / raise.
Exceptions: folk, yolk, boat, goat
(Exceptions: do, two, canoe, shoe, through, ewe, to, you
food, shoot, cool, roof, choose, too, spoon, soon, moon, school, noon, boot, loose,
took, good, foot, book, look, shook, stood, wood, hook, woolThe “OO” Sound
Exceptions: scheme/ scene/here/these)
word is “ea”(read/dream/please).
Exceptions: protein, seize, weird, coffeine, codeine
1- When we hear the sound “sh’n” at the end of a word with two or more syllables, our first choice is to write”_tion”.
2-When we hear the sound “zh’n” at the end of a word with two or more syllables, our first choice is to write “_sion”.
-cian, -tian, -sian, -shion
When we hear the sound “l” at the end of a word with two or one syllables:
1- our first choice for a word which is a noun or a verb is to write “-le”.
2- our first choice for a word which is an adjective is to write “-al”.
3- some words end in “-el”.