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HEALTH CONCERNS OF HOMELESS FAMILIES PowerPoint Presentation
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HEALTH CONCERNS OF HOMELESS FAMILIES

HEALTH CONCERNS OF HOMELESS FAMILIES

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HEALTH CONCERNS OF HOMELESS FAMILIES

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  1. HEALTH CONCERNS OF HOMELESS FAMILIES

  2. An Overview of Homelessness in the US • Families are the new face of homelessness in the US • The US has the largest number of homeless women and children of any industrialized country • 41% of homeless people are parents with children and these families are found increasingly in rural and suburban areas as well as urban

  3. Homeless Children • Homeless families comprise 34% of the US homeless population • Nearly 40% of America’s homeless are minors and 42% of them are under 6

  4. Physical Health Concerns • Homeless children are sick 4x as often as other children • They suffer: • 4x as many respiratory infections • Twice as many ear infections • 5x as many gastrointestinal problems as do other children

  5. Physical Concerns (con’t) • Homeless children are 4x more likely to suffer from asthma than are other kids • They go hungry at twice the rate of other children • Yet ironically, they are also more prone to obesity due to nutritional deficiencies

  6. Emotional/Behavioral Problems • Homeless children have emotional and behavioral problems at a rate three times that of other children • In part, this may be due to the fact that they are significantly more likely to experience violence by age 12 than peers with homes • Nearly 25% have witnessed acts of violence within their families

  7. Personal/Social Concerns • Homeless children are 4x more likely to experience developmental delays than are other kids • They are also twice as likely to have learning disabilities • These delays/disabilities may impact their ability to develop strong peer relationships

  8. Schooling • Homeless children are constantly on the move, which affects if/where they go to school • 41% will attend at least two schools in a given academic year; 28% will attend 3 or more • This reduces the likelihood of continuous remediation of problems

  9. AcademicPerformance • Every school change results in separation and loss and forces homeless children to continually form new friendships • Every change also sets students back 4-6 months academically • Among homeless students in grades 3-12, only 48% were proficient in reading and 43% in math • More than 1 million never graduate

  10. Consequences for Emotional/Social Health • Children with educational delays and learning disabilities are vulnerable to: • Dropping out • Substance abuse • Bullying (as victims and perpetrators) • Poor self-esteem and failure to thrive educationally