1914-1918 The World at War. Created By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S., Chappaqua, NY. The 4 M.A.I.N. Causes of the War. What were they?. 1. M ilitarism & Arms Race. Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] (in millions of £’s.).
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1914-1918The Worldat War Created By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S., Chappaqua, NY
The 4 M.A.I.N. Causes of the War What were they?
1. Militarism & Arms Race Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] (in millions of £’s.) All this is evidence of an: Anglo-German Arms Race
2. Entangling Alliances • Triple Alliance (1881) • Russian-German Reinsurgence Treaty (1887) • “Splendid Isolation” (until 1902) • Anglo-Japanese Alliance (1902) • Entente Cordial(1904) • Triple Entente(1907) 4
Triple Entente: Triple Alliance:
Two Armed Camps! Allied Powers: Central Powers:
Imperialism: Major Events • Berlin Conference (1884-85) • Kruger Telegram (1902) • I express to you my sincere congratulations that you and your people, without appealing to the help of friendly powers, have succeeded, by your own energetic action against the armed bands which invaded your country as disturbers of the peace, in restoring peace and in maintaining the independence of the country against attack from without • First Moroccan Crisis • Algeciras Conference (1906) • “encirclement” • Second Moroccan Crisis (1911) 10
Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The“Powder Keg”of Europe
The Assassination: Sarajevo June 28, 1914
The Assassin: GavriloPrincip
Recruits of the Central Powers A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother Austro-Hungarians
German Poster Think of Your Children!
German Poster “The next candidates for the Noble Peace Prize”
The Battle of the Marne (1914) • Germans came within sight of Paris. • Essentially, the end of mobility on the Western Front.
Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”