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1914-1918 The World at War. Created By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S., Chappaqua, NY. The 4 M.A.I.N. Causes of the War. What were they?. 1. M ilitarism & Arms Race. Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] (in millions of £’s.).

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1914-1918 The World at War


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    1. 1914-1918The Worldat War Created By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S., Chappaqua, NY

    2. The 4 M.A.I.N. Causes of the War What were they?

    3. 1. Militarism & Arms Race Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] (in millions of £’s.) All this is evidence of an: Anglo-German Arms Race

    4. 2. Entangling Alliances • Triple Alliance (1881) • Russian-German Reinsurgence Treaty (1887) • “Splendid Isolation” (until 1902) • Anglo-Japanese Alliance (1902) • Entente Cordial(1904) • Triple Entente(1907) 4

    5. Triple Entente: Triple Alliance:

    6. Two Armed Camps! Allied Powers: Central Powers:

    7. Europe in 1914

    8. 3. Imperialism & Colonial Rivalries

    9. Imperialism: Major Events • Berlin Conference (1884-85) • Kruger Telegram (1902) • I express to you my sincere congratulations that you and your people, without appealing to the help of friendly powers, have succeeded, by your own energetic action against the armed bands which invaded your country as disturbers of the peace, in restoring peace and in maintaining the independence of the country against attack from without • First Moroccan Crisis • Algeciras Conference (1906) • “encirclement” • Second Moroccan Crisis (1911) 10

    10. 4. Aggressive Nationalism

    11. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The“Powder Keg”of Europe

    12. The“Spark”

    13. Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family

    14. The Assassination: Sarajevo June 28, 1914

    15. The Assassin: GavriloPrincip

    16. Who’s To Blame?

    17. The Schlieffen Plan

    18. Recruitment Posters

    19. A Young Australian Recruit

    20. Recruits of the Central Powers A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother Austro-Hungarians

    21. New French Recruits

    22. A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier

    23. Womenand theWarEffort

    24. Financing the War

    25. Munitions Workers

    26. French Women Factory Workers

    27. German Women Factory Workers

    28. Red Cross Nurses

    29. Women in the Army Auxiliary

    30. Russian Women Soldiers

    31. Posters:WartimePropaganda

    32. Australian Poster

    33. American Poster

    34. Financing the War

    35. Canadian Poster

    36. German Poster Think of Your Children!

    37. German Poster “The next candidates for the Noble Peace Prize”

    38. The Western Front:A “War of Attrition”

    39. A Multi-Front War

    40. The Western Front

    41. The Battle of the Marne (1914) • Germans came within sight of Paris. • Essentially, the end of mobility on the Western Front.

    42. Trench Warfare

    43. Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”

    44. TheEasternFront

    45. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine

    46. The Tsar with General Brusilov

    47. The“Colonial”Fronts

    48. Sikh British Soldiers in India