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Grade 6 Social Studies. Types of Governments. Objective: To identify the different types of governments (Democracy, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Dictatorship, Communism, Totalitarian and Revolutionary). (1) Democracy. In a democracy, the government is elected by the people.

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Objective: To identify the different types of governments

(Democracy, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Dictatorship, Communism, Totalitarian and Revolutionary)

1 democracy
(1) Democracy
  • In a democracy, the government is elected by the people.
  • Everyone who is eligible to vote has a chance to have their say over who runs the country.
  • A democracy is determined either directly or through elected representatives.

A system of government where the people rule

Examples: United States, India, Canada

Limited – Government


2 republic
(2) Republic
  • A republic is a country that has no monarch.
  • The head of the country is usually an elected president.
3 representative republic democracy
(3)Representative Republic Democracy

Citizens elect representatives

Representatives pass laws

The President, Prime Minister, or Chancellor has limited power

Examples – United States, France, Germany, Mexico

democracy vs republic
Democracy vs. Republic
  • in Democracy the majority rules according to their whims (ruling body decides what they want to do)
  • in a Republic the Government rules according to law.  This law is framed in the Constitution to limit the power of Government and ensuring some rights and protection to minorities and individuals.
4 limited and unlimited
(4) Limited and Unlimited

Limited Government – Ensures more freedom for the citizens of that country.

People’s rights are considered important

Power is with the people

Must follow a written constitution

Examples – United States, England

Unlimited Government – the political leaders have total control over their citizens

Examples – Cuba, North Korea

5 monarchy
  • A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress.
  • The ruling position can be passed on to the ruler’s heirs (children)
constitutional monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy

A monarch is head of state and a parliament or other legislature makes the laws

For example, the Queen of England does not have political power, but she is a symbol of the English tradition of having a royal family

Examples – England, Spain


- Limited Government – Current Government

- Unlimited Government - Early England (King Henry VIII, Queen Mary),

Example – England, Spain

Queen Elizabeth

6 oligarchy
  • A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power.

A government in which a small group that is not elected, but share similar political ideas

Unlimited government:

The Taliban in Afghanistan

7 dictatorship
  • A country ruled by a single leader. The leader may use force to keep control and has all power.
  • In a military dictatorship, the army is in control.

Ex: Nazi’s



Fidel Castro (Cuba)

Adolf Hitler (Germany)

Saddam Hussein (Iraq)



8 totalitarian
  • This is a country with only one political party.
  • People are forced to do what the government tells them and may also be prevented from leaving the country.
9 communism
(9) Communism
  • a system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single political party.
  • It provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare.


10 revolutionary
(10) Revolutionary
  • If a government is overthrown by force, the new ruling group is sometimes called a revolutionary government.