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What differentiates . a statement from a question?. Some components of language…. Grammar Structure Vocabulary Content Intent. Grammar. In linguistics, grammar is the set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language . .

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what differentiates

What differentiates

a statement from a question?

some components of language
Some components of language…
  • Grammar
  • Structure
  • Vocabulary
  • Content
  • Intent
grammar
Grammar
  • In linguistics, grammar is the set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
discuss with your table group
Discuss with your table group
  • Is English a natural language?
  • Is ASL a natural language?
  • Do English and ASL have grammar?
the answers
The answers:
  • Is English a natural language?
  • Is ASL a natural language?
  • Do English and ASL have grammar?
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • Yes
yes no questions

Yes/No questions

It’s all in the grammar

what is a yes no question
What is a Yes/no question?
  • Discuss this with your table group
yes no question
Yes/no question
  • A question which is answered with a “yes” or a “no”.
english
English
  • How does English ask Yes/no questions?
  • How does English make a statement?
    • Written and spoken

Discuss this with your table group, how do you know a question from a statement?

using english examples
Using English examples
  • When we speak English: How do we know it is a question?
  • When we write English: How do we know it is a question?
english1
English
  • Speak it- with voice inflection.
  • Write it- with punctuation.
slide12
ASL
  • How would you guess ASL asks Yes/no questions if we do not use voice inflection or write it?
    • Brainstorm with your table group.
share
Share
  • What did your table group guess?
of course
Of course…
  • It’s visual
    • But where do you see it?
      • Eyebrows
      • Structure
      • Sign
so now let s compare
So now let’s compare

an ASL statement and an ASL Yes/no question.

With your table group try these on.

  • Do you understand?
  • You do understand.
asl statements
ASL Statements

Grammar:

  • Affirmation
asl statements1
ASL statements

Try these with a partner:

  • I can fingerspell.
  • I finished my homework.
  • I know you.
  • Bob understands.
  • Jay has homework.
asl yes no questions
ASL Yes/no questions
  • Grammar:
    • Eyebrows up
    • Tilt head
    • Lean forward
    • Omit words
what omit words
WHAT? Omit words?
  • Omit : Do, Does, Is, Are…
  • Look at this:
    • Do you like me? Q sign
    • Does Tom know you? Q sign
try these with q wiggle
Try these with Q wiggle:
  • Is this yours?
  • Isyour homework finished?
but not these
But not these
  • Can you fingerspell?
  • Will you practice? Future tense
  • Did you do your homework? Past tense
    • In these examples the subject is restated at the end.
      • FINGERSPELL ME CAN ME?
      • PRACTICE YOU WILL YOU?
      • YOUR HOMEWORK YOU FINISH YOU?
try these
Try these…
  • Do you have ASL class?
  • You have ASL class.
  • Could I copy you?
  • I can copy you.
practice list 1
Practice List 1
  • I like you.
  • Do you like me?
  • Did Ted finish his homework?
  • Ted finished his homework.
  • I like my school.
  • Do you like your school?
practice list 2
Practice List 2
  • Do you have my homework?
  • You have my homework.
  • My teacher knows your teacher.
  • Does your teacher know my teacher?
  • I know.
  • Do you know?
journal entry
Journal Entry
  • What did you learn about grammar today?
  • Does it make sense to compare English and ASL? How does it help? Ornot?
  • Do you feel like you can effectively express an ASL question? How comfortable are you?
  • What are you still confused about?
  • At this point in your ASL experience, speculate how easy or difficult you believe learning ASL will be for you? Why?