Earlier dramatic traditions. Middle Ages knew nothing of Greek drama. The Mass is the starting point for Medieval Drama, with its daily re-enactment of the Passion of Christ, essentially dramatic in structure. Elaborate ceremonies for Easter and Christmas.
Middle Ages knew nothing of Greek drama.
By 12th century, the plays incorporated spoken dialogue in the vernacular and moved outside to the front of the church and were performed independent of the liturgical service.
Once these plays had moved outside of the church, they began to become more secular and were taken over by the laity and performed entirely in the vernacular.
Crafts (or guilds) were known as “mysteries” because of the special knowledge that was passed to the apprentice from the master.
These plays then began to be called mysteries because they were now performed by local guilds or craft associations of masons, carpenters, and so on, who would be responsible for particular sections as appropriate.
The Miracle Play was a type of medieval religious play, dramatizations of stories relating the life or martyrdom of a saint or of the miraculous events occurring as a result of the intervention of the Virgin Mary or the saints in response to the prayers of a true believer in need of help.
The term is often confusingly applied also to the mystery plays, which form a distinct body of drama based on biblical stories
The Vice was the most popular character in the moralities, the chief comic tempter.
The Vice would dart about the stage, disguising himself as a virtue, playing tricks on virtues and vices alike, and generally indulging in generous slapstick comedy.
At times, the Vice might even directly address the audience, sharing his thoughts about his nefarious deeds.