Understanding mental health and emotions
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Understanding Mental Health and Emotions. Mrs. Voakes PPZ 3O. Mental Health. Mental health was once thought to be the absence of mental illness

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Mental health
Mental Health

  • Mental health was once thought to be the absence of mental illness

    • Now it refers to how you use the various aspects of health to achieve positive feelings about yourself and improve your ability to deal with problems.

Mental health1
Mental Health

  • The National Association for Mental Health describes someone with good mental health as having the following characteristics;

  • Feels comfortable with himself or herself

  • Has good relationships with others

  • Meets the demands of life.

Assessing your mental health
Assessing Your Mental Health

  • Get a blank piece of paper

  • Write yes , sometimes, or no to answer each question

    • You do not need to show anyone your results

Assessing your mental health1
Assessing Your Mental Health

  • 1. Are you willing to assume responsibilities appropriate for someone your age?

  • 2. Do you participate in activities appropriate to your stage in life?

  • 3. Do you accept your responsibilities?

  • 4. Do you solve problems rather than avoid them?

  • 5. Do you make decisions with a minimum of worry?

  • 6. Do you stick with a choice you made until new factors surface?

  • 7. Are you satisfied with your accomplishments?

Assessing your mental health2
Assessing Your Mental Health

  • 8. Do you recognise that thinking about a problem is the first step in toward taking action?

  • 9. Do you learn from failures or defeats?

  • 10. Do you keep success in perspective?

  • 11. Do you enjoy working and enjoy playing?

  • 12. Do you say no to negative situations even though they may provide temporary pleasure?

  • 13. Do you say yes to positive situations even though there may be some momentary displeasure?

  • 14. Can you tell others when you are angry?

Assessing your mental health3
Assessing Your Mental Health

  • 15. Can you show affection?

  • 16. Can you endure frustration when the source cannot be changed or eliminated?

  • 17. Can you make compromises in dealing with difficulties?

  • 18. Can you concentrate and work at a single goal?

  • 19. Do you recognize the challenges of life?

  • 20. Can you develop and maintain family and intemate relationships?

Assessing your mental health4
Assessing Your Mental Health

  • Count the number of Yeses and the number of Nos

  • If you have more Yeses, you may have more characteristics of good mental health

Emotions are normal
Emotions Are Normal

  • Emotions are feelings in response to an activity or an experience.

    • They can be positive or negative

      • Example: Feeling angry is natural but expressing that anger with violence is not.

    • Hormones and Drugs can also alter ones mood or emotions.

Expressing emotions
Expressing Emotions

  • Expressing emotions is learned from past experiences.

    • Your personal interactions and Modeling of others

      • You see how someone else reacts and the next time the same situation happens to you, you react in the same manner.

Expressing emotions1
Expressing Emotions

  • Expressing emotions in a positive way is an essential skill that must be practiced and rehearsed.

    • Example: When feeling angry, instead of hitting something or someone. Do some strenuous exercise or talk to someone about it.

Understanding mental health and emotions

  • The feeling of strong affection or caring for another person.

    • Everyone has the need to love, and the need to be loved by others.

    • There are different types of Love.

      • Romantic Love is often confused with attraction in the adolescence years.


  • The feeling of joy and well-being or contentment

    • Happiness can also be a goal that drives people – self help books

Tips on how to be happy
Tips on how to be happy.

  • - Recognize that you have some control in your life

  • -You are the only one who can control your attitude and how you react.

  • -Adopt a healthy lifestyle

  • Have a positive attitude

  • -Think about what makes you happy and make time for those activities

Tips on how to be happy1
Tips on how to be happy.

  • Work hard at tasks you find meaningful

  • Be organized, but flexible, so you can adapt to changes as they occur in your life.

  • -Establish close relationships with others


  • Feeling that life experiences will be positive (having a positive attitude)

    • Optimism is a healthy emotion that affects your physical wellbeing


  • A characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling that provokes laughter

    • Humour provides a way of expressing negative emotions in a positive way.

    • Laughter can boost your immune system

Understanding mental health and emotions
Fear -

  • The feeling of danger

    • Fear response – Increase heart rate, muscles tense, and your senses become more alert.

      • Staying in this state can harm your body.

    • Fears are useful as they protect you from harm

    • If the feeling of danger is not realistic it should be managed.

Managing fear
Managing Fear

  • How to deal with fear

    • Self talk- Saying things to yourself in order to view a fear more realistically

    • Environmental planning- Rearrange the environment to reduce your fear


  • A strong feeling of irritation

  • Anger also increases heart rate, raises blood pressure, causes headaches and nausea

Managing anger
Managing Anger

  • Recognize what the source of anger is.

  • Others can make you angry but they do not make you express your anger

  • It is important to talk to someone about the problem as bottling is bad for your health.

  • Guilt
    Guilt -

    • The feeling that you have done something wrong or are responsible for something bad happening

      • Guilt can be a cue to resolve a problem

    Managing guilt
    Managing Guilt

    • Think about what the source of guilt is.

    • If you have made a mistake, correct it and the move on.

    • If the guilt seems overwhelming seek a professions help


    • A feeling of anxiety, loneliness, and despair

      • It can interfere with the ability to carry out daily tasks

      • affects 33% of teens

    Depression symptoms
    Depression - Symptoms

    • Sleeping too much or too little

    • - Loss of appetite

    • -Feeling tired throughout the day

    • - Loss of energy

    • -Lack of interest or lack of ability to concentrate

    • -Withdrawal from a group

    Factors linked to depression
    Factors linked to depression

    • Family History – the tendency for depression appears to be hereditary (genes or environment?)

    • Major life stresses – personal traumas – neglect, abuse

    • Physical Illness – Illness can causes depression for multiple reasons

    • Substance abuse – The dependency and guilt can cause depression

    • Gender – more likely in women

    Managing depression
    Managing Depression

    • Identify what has made you depressed

    • Focus on positive things in life

    • Talk to a friend or professional

    • Exercise – releases endorphins

    Are you at risk for depression
    Are you at risk for depression

    • Write your answers on a blank piece of paper

    • Do not show others your answers.

    • You can also fill this out to see if you think a friend is depressed.

    • Answer Yes or No

    Are you at risk for depression1
    Are you at risk for depression

    • 1. Do you have problems concentrating or making decisions?

    • 2. Are you almost always tired, or do you have problems sitting still because you are so upset

    • 3. Do you sleep well? Are you sleeping much more or much less than usual?

    Are you at risk for depression2
    Are you at risk for depression

    • 4. Have you gained or lost a significant amount of weight?

    • 5. Do you find that you are no longer enjoy things that used to make you happy?

    • 6. Do you feel worthless most of the time?

    • 7. Do you have thoughts of death?

    Are you at risk for depression3
    Are you at risk for depression

    • If you answered Yes to 5 or more of these questions, please speak to a school councillor, parent, guardian, teacher, etc.


    • The feeling of wanting something that someone else has or the fear of losing something you have.

    Managing jealousy
    Managing Jealousy

    • Discuss your feeling with the person involved

    • Jealousy that is not dealt with can lead to anger


    • - The feeling of isolation or alienation

    • Managing Loneliness

      • Take charge - Engage in activities that will make you part of a group.

      • Make the effort to call old friends or volunteer


    • The feeling of being timid or bashful

      • Often people who are shy, lack self-esteem

    Managing self esteem improving self esteem
    Managing Self-esteem / Improving Self Esteem

    • Make a list of your strengths and positive traits

    • Do not put yourself down. It makes you feel inferior

    • Put yourself in situations with supportive people

    • Do not spend time with people who make you feel bad about yourself.

      • If this cannot be avoided remember your strengths and positive traits

    • Do not be afraid to try new things and fail.

      • Failures teach lessons that help you grow as a person.


    • How would you know if you are mentally healthy? I (1)

    • List four SMART goals you can set to achieve happiness I (2)

    • Describe some positive strategies for managing anger I (1)

    • List four things you can do to keep from feeling lonely I (1)