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Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service. Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts. Spatial Fire Management System. Canada. Presentation Outline. sFMS: What is it? What is it (good) for? - Purpose - Existing implementations How does it work? - Requirements

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service

Ressources naturelles Canada

Service canadien des forêts

Spatial Fire Management System

Canada

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • sFMS: What is it?
  • What is it (good) for?

- Purpose

- Existing implementations

  • How does it work?

- Requirements

- Database access

- Interpolation

- Grid calculations

- Utilities

- Customization

  • Demonstration
  • Future development
sfms what is it
Fire management information system

GIS platform

Fire science models (CFFDRS)

Daily operations

Interdependent ArcView extensions

sFMS: What is it?
modules
Fire Weather Index (FWI)

Fire Behaviour Prediction (FBP)

Wildfire Ignition Probability Prediction (WIPP)

Optimal Resource Allocation and Prepositioning (ORAP)

Modules
slide9

Purpose

  • Protection of life, property, values
  • Spatial information
  • Fire danger monitoring
  • Fire behavior prediction
  • Decision support
  • Resource allocation
  • Policy setting & review
slide12

Scheduled batch processing

  • Web dissemination
slide13

Requirements

  • Hardware
  • Software
    • - Windows 95/98/NT
    • - ArcView 3.1, Spatial Analyst 1.1
  • Weather data
    • - Weather station locations
    • - Daily noon observations
  • Spatial data
    • - Elevation
    • - Fuels
the canadian forest fire weather index system

Fire

Weather

Observations

Temperature

Relative humidity

Wind Speed

Rain

Wind

Speed

Temperature

Relative humidity

Rain

Temperature

Rain

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

Duff Moisture Code

(DMC)

Drought

Code

(DC)

Fuel Moisture Codes

Initial Spread Index

(ISI)

Buildup

Index

(BUI)

Fire

Behavior Indices

Fire Weather Index

(FWI)

The Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System
the canadian forest fire behavior prediction system

FBP System

Fuel Type

FFMC, ISI, BUI,

Wind Speed &

Direction

Percent Slope &

Upslope Direction

Elevation,

Latitude, Longitude

& Date

Elapsed Time,

Point or Line

Ignition

Fuels

Weather

Topography

Foliar Moisture Content

Type & Duration of Prediction

Canadian Forest Fire Behavior

Prediction System

Primary

Secondary

Rate of Spread

Fuel Consumption

Head Fire Intensity

Crown Fraction Burned

Fire Description

Head, Flank & Back Fire Spread Distances

Flank & Back Fire Rates of Spread

Flank & Back Fire Intensities

Elliptical Fire Area & Perimeter

Rate of Perimeter Growth

Length-to Breadth Ratio

The Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System
slide17

Interpolation

  • IDW
  • Parameters
  • Wind direction
  • Elevation adjustment
slide18

Elevation adjustment

Relative Humidity

1. ln(Ew) = 9.4041 - (2354/T)

2. E = (RHobs/100) * Ew

3. Interpolate E

4. RHfinal = (E/Ew) * 100

Temperature

1. Tsea = Tobs - gz

2. Interpolate Tsea

3. Tfinal = Tsea + gz

slide20

Utilities

  • Theme manager
  • Batch processing
  • Theme information
  • ArcView functionality
slide21

Customization

  • Configurations
  • Legend files
  • User scripts
slide23

Future development

  • FWI
  • - Startup mask grid calculator
  • - Interpolated / calculated combination grids
  • - Delayed retry or shut down for batch processes
  • - Disk cleanup script for batch processes
  • - Minimum number of stations reporting
  • - Wind field script
  • - Log file
  • - Weather station labeller
  • FBP
  • - Open fuel types list
  • ORAP
  • - Utilities to copy and save deployments
  • - Coverage weighting (e.g. by HFI or WTR) for optimizer
  • - Improvements to the detection assessment report
  • WIPP
  • - Equation editor
slide24

Future development:

  • New extensions
  • Wildfire Threat Rating
  • Fire occurrence prediction
      • - Include fire & lightning plotter
      • - Include WIPP
  • - Incorporate PEOPLE & SPARKY
  • Fire growth modelling
  • - Incorporate CWFGM & PFAS
  • Spatial Fire Climatology
thank you

Thank You!

Questions?

For more information:

http://fms.nofc.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca