Business Education Teacher Training and the pursuit for the triple bottom line ideals – are we taking our eyes off the ball?. SIEC-ISBE Conference 2013 Dr Carina America. Overview. Teacher Education Requirements – South Africa (SA) Business Education in SA schools Background
SIEC-ISBE Conference 2013
Dr Carina America
DISCIPLINARY LEARNING – subject matter
PRACTICAL LEARNING – teaching practice
FUNDAMENTALLEARNING – 2ndofficial language
LEARNING – how to teach – curriculum, assessment, learners, etc
Business Education in South Africa (schools)
Economic & Management Sciences (EMS) - compulsory
FET-PHASE – grades 10 to 12
Economics - elective
Business Studies - elective
(Bently, Fien and Neil, 2004:57)
3. CURRICULUM ANALYSIS
LEARNING VIRTUES - capacity for critical understanding - infrequent
Critical self-awareness: Examples from cases
“Factories attributes to pollution … we’re unaware that it is making us sick”
“Shop, shop, shop … buying new or unwanted stuff”
“Too much junk are being manufactured and the manner in which to get rid of it can be harmful to the environment”
“It has affected the way I think in a sense that it is true that the products we consume do not last for such a long time and the market changes products and come out with new things over and over”
“yes, I have never really thought about the different processes a product has to go through and the lives affected by it”
LEARNING VIRTUE: Exploratory-creative commitment
“Yes, I will think twice now before buying products which may contain toxins”
“Yes, it made me realize that I am part of the problem and should start to think before I buy stuff”
“not exactly because some of us are aware of the government’s “hand” in it and we lost hope, if we all unite we can change it”
LEARNING VIRTUE: Robust tolerance for uncertainty
“Yes, I have had these thoughts before, but the tasks seems too enormous for me to handle alone”
“Yes, it is convincing, but her tape is too light-hearted. The viewer listens, but I was not fully swayed to her point of view”
“She does make you aware that the process is not flawless, but looking at it from an American standpoint her arguments are not well motivated”
THE BUSINESS EDUCATION CURRICULUM – diverse reactions
“It would be a great advantage to have a facet where sustainability can be implemented in our curriculum”
RELEVANCE OF EfS IN BE – overall view EfS very relevant
“Yes, it encourages to be responsible citizens. Sustainability education is not isolated in one area but in all areas. Also help learners to learn social responsibility”
“In EMS the foundation of production and business is laid and it is essential for learners to come to the realization that resources are limited and (they) need to be responsible to ensure a sustainable future”
PRACTICAL APPLICATION – examples from cases
Bently,, M., Fien , J and Neil, C. 2004. Sustainable Consumption: Young Australians as agents of change. Final Report: National Youth Affairs Research Scheme (NYARS)
Department of Basic Education (DBE), 2011. Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS) – Economic and Management Sciences. Final. Pretoria, South Africa.
Dyllick and Hockerts, 2002, Beyond the business case for corporate sustainability. Business Strategy and the Environment. 11:130-141.
Elkington, J. 1997.Cannibals with forks: The TBL of 21st century business. Oxford, Capstone.
Fien, J. 2004. Education for the environment. Critical Curriculum Theorising and Environmental Education. In W. W. Scott and S. Gough (Eds.). Key issues in sustainable development and learning: a critical review. London and New York: RoutledgeFalmer.
Frith, R. and Winter, C. 2007. Construction education for sustainable development: The Secondary Geography curriculum and initial teacher training. Environmental Education Research , 13(5):599-619
Foster, J. 2005. Options, sustainability policy and the spontaneous order. In J. Foster and S. Gough (eds), Learning , natural capital and sustainable development: options for an uncertain world. London Routledge, 111-131
Foster, J. 2008. The Sustainability Mirage: Illusion and Reality in the Coming War on Climate Change;. Earthscan: London, UK,
Foster, J. 2011. Sustainability and the learning virtures. Journal of Curriculum Studies. 43(3):383-402
Sterling, S. 2004. The Learning of ecology, or the ecology of learning? In W. Scott and S. Gough (Eds.). Key issues in sustainable development and learning: a critical review. London and New York: RoutledgeFalmer.
Seuring, S. And Műller, M. 2008. From a literature review to a conceptual framework for sustainable supply chain management. Journal of Cleaner Production. 16(2008):1699-1710.
Tilbury, D., Stevenson, R.B., Fien, J. and Schreuder, D. 2002. Education and Sustainability: Responding to Global Challenge. Commission on Education and Communication, IUCN. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2002. Policies to Promote Sustainable Consumption: An Overview. ENV/EPOC/WPNEP (2001)18/FINAL. OECD, Paris.
Kaufman, L. 2009. A cautionary video about America’s ‘Stuff’. Online: The New York Times.
http://www. nytimes.com/2009/05/11/education/11stuff.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print Accessed: 13 March 2011
Kuchertz, A. and Wagner, M. 2010;. The influence of sustainability orientation on entrepreneurial intentions – Investigating the role of business experience. Journal of Business Venturing, 24:524-539
Leonard, A.2007. The story of stuff: How our obsession with stuff is trashing the planet, our communities, and our health – and a vision for change. New York, NY: Free Press.
Republic of South Africa (RSA), 2011. The minimum requirements for Teacher Education. Government Gazette, vol. 55 no 34467.
Rogers, M. and Ryan, R. 2001. The triple bottom line for sustainability community development. Local Environment. 6(3):279-289.
Scott, W. A. H. and Gough, S. R., 2010. Sustainability, learning and capability: exploring questions of balance. Sustainability, 2(12):3735-3746.
Summers, M. and Childs, A. 2007. Student science teachers’ conceptions of sustainable development: an empirical study of three postgraduate training cohorts. Research in Science & Technological Education, 25(3):307-327.
UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), 2011. Global Outlook on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) – Taking action together.
Walshe, N. 2008. Understanding students’ conceptions of sustainability. Environmental Education Reaearch. 14(5):537-558.