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Spectrum Transformation: Acceleration. Badri Younes DoD Director, Spectrum Management 17 May 2006. The Operational Environment Net-Centric Warfare Vision: Information Anywhere, Anytime.

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slide1

Spectrum Transformation: Acceleration

Badri Younes

DoD Director, Spectrum Management

17 May 2006

the operational environment net centric warfare vision information anywhere anytime
The Operational EnvironmentNet-Centric Warfare Vision: Information Anywhere, Anytime

Assured CommunicationsAnywherein the World Without Fixed Infrastructure andZero Set-up Time– Requires Spectrum!!!

slide3

DoD’s Growing Spectrum Requirements

Warfighter Spectrum Use Below 40 GHz

key framework dsma
Instrumental in the new DSO and in implementing the President’s Initiative: The Defense Spectrum Management Architecture (DSMA), the Department’s enterprise architecture for Spectrum Management, will be developed:

To address how the Department manages and uses the electromagnetic Spectrum today and in the future in order to ensure continued DOD access to required spectrum.

The DSMA will include a robust, common set of architecture products which will provide decision makers and their supporting staff with operational, systems and technical elements involved with conducting spectrum management for net-centric operations.

KEY FRAMEWORK:DSMA
slide5

Defense Spectrum Management Architecture

“The Blueprint for DoD’s SM Transformation”

  • Multiple versions to be developed
    • V1.0
      • As-Is (2006) (Full Set of Artifacts)
    • To-Be (Objective)
      • Select Artifacts will describe To-Be Increments
      • Timeframes: 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020
      • 2002 - - As described in the DoD Net-centric Spectrum Management Strategy

Net-centric SM

(To-Be)

  • DSMA provides a common view for defining SM Transformation
    • Transition Strategy will define SM migration stages – desired capabilities
    • SM Roadmap will guide implementation through each stage
      • Policy
      • Processes
      • Systems/Tools

As - Is

spectrum management process required evolution
Spectrum Management ProcessRequired Evolution

Future Goals (2015)

Today

  • Near-Zero Setup Time:
    • Configure system operating parameters via software
    • Standards approach will enable pre-coordinated HN agreements
  • Adaptive Tactical Planning: Automated adaptation to regional, local, and tactical policies
  • Dynamic Spectrum Management: Provides assured access to and efficient utilization of spectrum
  • Spectrum Utilization Optimized: Spectrum Bandwidth-on-demand
  • Spectrum enables Net-Centricity:
    • Spectrum no longer a constraining factor
    • Minimizes Spectrum “Fratricide”
  • Long Setup Times:
    • Engineering for thousands of assignments
    • Extensive Host Nation (HN) coordination
  • Tactical Planning: Extensive and cumbersome for each engagement, contingency, and AOR
  • Spectrum Inflexibility: Static assignments dictate paucity in dynamic, RF rich environments
  • Spectrum Scarcity: Throughput limitations due to spectrum bandwidth constraints
  • Sub-Optimization: Future potential net-centricity restricted by existing practices

“Instrument” the Network to Assure Spectrum Access

slide7

Blue Force

Commercial

Spectrum

DS3

M&S

Spectrum

XXI

GIG

Vision for Transforming

Spectrum Management

Self-

Syncing

Spectrum Use

Net

Cognitive Spectrum

Use

JTRS

Force

WIN

-

T

6

Spectrum

Situational

Awareness

Shared Information Environment

Enterprise

Services

Red Force

Adaptive Spectrum Control

5

Sense & Adjust

4

3

2

1

Bandwidth

on Demand

Far-Term - 2020

Mid-Term - 2015

Improved Spectrum Efficiency

Deliberate/Deployment/Operational Planning

Near-Term - 2010

Predictive Planning

Common Spectrum Information Resources/Environment

Web-based/Automated SM Processes

Standard Data Structure

reorganization 2006
REORGANIZATION: 2006

DoD transformation in spectrum management:

  • The Defense Spectrum Office (strategic planning) and the Joint Spectrum Center (engineering) will merge in mid-year to form the new DEFENSE SPECTRUM ORGANIZATION
  • This new DSO will combine both previous entities’ core competencies into a one-stop shop for enabling Net-Centric strategy within the spectrum management community.

…Power to the Edge for the Warfighter!

+

=

slide9

Changes in DoD Spectrum Management“Coordination Channels”

Inter-Agency

Coordination

ASD(NII)

Inter-Agency

Coordination

DASD(S2)

Joint Staff

Unified &

Specified

Commands

MilSec

Spectrum*

Management

Directorate

Inter-Agency

Coordination

OSM

MCEB

Joint

IRAC

DSO

Service

Unique

DoD

Representation

Joint Frequency

Management

Office

Frequency

Panel

MERGING

MAY 2006

DEFENSE

SPECTRUM

ORGANIZATION

AFFMA

NMSC

ASMO

MERGING

MAY 2006

JSC

Technical Support

Technical Support

dod strategic spectrum plan 30 november 2005
DoD Strategic Spectrum Plan(30 November 2005)

Key Conclusions:

  • Spectrum requirements growth will be significant through 2015 and beyond
  • DoD’s most significant spectrum requirements growth will occur in the spectrum bands below 3 GHz
  • While bands above 3 GHz are not as densely occupied as the lower bands today, they are critical to future DoD systems and growth is expected here as well
  • Any loss of spectrum access to DoD, either nationally or internationally, through reallocation or other means will exacerbate DoD’s challenge to meet future spectrum requirements

DoD Strategic Spectrum Plan

Submitted to the Department of Commerce

(In Response to The Presidential

Spectrum Policy Reform Initiative)

key themes for 2006 2007 1 international
KEY THEMES FOR 2006-2007 (1)International
  • The World Radio Conference (WRC) – A Global Forum, Held Every Two to Five Years, to Update/Modify the International Radio Regulations, which form the Basis on Which Individual Countries and Regions Develop Their Own Radio Regulations. The Ability of Our Forces to Gain Access to Spectrum Globally is Dependent On Radio Regulations of the Countries in Which We Operate!
  • DoD’s goals with respect to WRC-07:
    • Prior to the Conference, to INFORM
      • US Spectrum Decision Makers Need to Understand Future Impact on Military Operations
      • Changes in Radio Regulations will Heavily Influence Acquisition and Operational Decisions
    • During the Conference, to INFLUENCE
      • Negotiate Modifications to the Radio Regulations to Maximize U.S. Military Access to Spectrum
      • Develop Close Relationships With Military and Civilian Spectrum Managers in Other Administrations
key themes for 2006 2007 2 international
KEY THEMES FOR 2006-2007 (2)International
  • DoD Actively Engaged in all US and Regional Preparatory Activities for WRC-07
  • DoD Priority Focus on certain WRC-07 Agenda Items, including
    • IMT-2000 Frequency Allocations
    • Additional Allocations to Civil Aeronautical Mobile
    • Satellite Network Coordination Procedures
    • MF & HF Band Review
key themes for 2006 2007 3 emerging spectrum technologies
KEY THEMES FOR 2006-2007 (3)Emerging Spectrum Technologies
  • Initiative: Spectrum Scorecards
    • Purpose: To develop a system engineering methodology to promote consideration of spectrum efficiency, effectiveness, and supportability
    • Key Objectives:
      • To provide a spectrum efficiency and effectiveness trade-off analysis methodology for program managers.
      • To meet policy and regulatory challenges of spectrum valuation, efficiency, and effectiveness.
key themes for 2006 2007 4 emerging spectrum technologies
KEY THEMES FOR 2006-2007 (4)Emerging Spectrum Technologies
  • Initiative: Spectrum Test Beds
    • Purpose: To establish wireless and spectrum testbed capabilities to assess and measure performance of spectrum access methods, systems, and components in a networked environment.
    • Key Objectives:
      • To evaluate emerging technologies under realistic scenarios to provide foundation for new policy and doctrine for future wireless systems and spectrum access.
      • To address bandwidth limitation of dense wireless networks and the relationships and dependencies between emerging wireless operational concepts and emerging spectrum management approaches.
      • To develop foundation for operational management of wireless network devices to support dynamic spectrum operations and realization of bandwidth-on-demand.
spectrum testbed initiative objective goals
Spectrum Testbed Initiative Objective & Goals

To promote wireless and spectrum testbed initiatives that provide simulation and hardware facilities to assess and measure performance of innovative spectrum access methods, systems, and components

  • Evaluate emerging technologies under realistic scenarios
      • To identify and mitigate spectrum-related issues
      • To provide foundation for new policy and doctrine for future spectrum access and management
  • Assess the relationships and dependencies between emerging DoD operational concepts and emerging spectrum management approaches
  • Monitor Advances So New Capabilities Are Integrated Into Operations Without Delay
  • Develop Partnerships Between Industry and Government
key themes for 2006 2007 5 national
KEY THEMES FOR 2006-2007 (5)National
  • The President’s Spectrum Initiative: Current economic analysis reflects a view of defense-use spectrum as merely a commercial commodity, and overwhelmingly reflects a narrow “property rights” view of spectrum usage – as the Initiative moves towards concrete policy prescriptions this year, industry and the academy must be made aware of
    • the impact on taxpayers
    • on U.S. payments for access to spectrum overseas
    • the impact of loss of military budget assets to pay for existing and future spectrum needs for military defense; and
    • potential economic losses from the consequences of eroded defense capabilities.
president s spectrum policy initiative background on implementation plan
President’s Spectrum Policy InitiativeBackground on Implementation Plan

SPECTRUM POLICY FOR THE 21st CENTURY – The Implementation Plan to Carryout the President’s Spectrum Policy Initiative and Direction

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

DONALD L. EVANS, SECRETARY

MICHAEL D. GALLAGHER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY

FOR COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION

MAY 2005

30 Nov 2004

May 2005

June 2004

Report 1: Federal

Implementation Plan

President’s Memorandum

15 Recommendations

Report 2: State, Local, Private

  • OMB Proposals expected by year-end 2006
  • May include incentive pricing

Directed Implementation of All 24 Recommendations Plus Additional Tasks

9 Recommendations

After the I-Plan, the Real Work Begins

key points
Key Points
  • DoD Network-Centric Operations Requires Assured Seamless and Autonomous Spectrum Access
  • New technologies are fundamental to resolving future spectrum shortfalls
  • DoD Spectrum Management community participating in various adaptive spectrum access programs to ensure parallel technology/policy development

Making Spectrum Access

Transparent to the Users