ENERGY. Textbook pp. 148-153. ENERGY isâ€¦. the ability to do WORK or cause change. Name 2 things that ARE energy or that HAVE energy. WORK isâ€¦. when a FORCE moves an object. a FORCE isâ€¦. a push or a pull. There are two main kinds of energyâ€¦. POTENTIAL ENERGY. KINETIC ENERGY.
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Textbook pp. 148-153
the ability to do WORK or cause change
Name 2 things that ARE energy or that HAVE energy
when a FORCE moves an object
a push or a pull
Energy that is NOT being used
Energy in MOTION
Energy that IS being used
Demonstrate POTENTIAL ENERGY using the ball on your table AND draw a picture showing what potential energy looks like.
Now, use the same ball to demonstrate KINETIC ENERGY. Again, draw a picture to show what kinetic energy looks like.
Write a “P” or a “K” under each picture on your paper to tell whether the pictures are showing POTENTIAL or KINETIC energy.
Elastic potential energy is associated
with objects that can be stretched
Elastic potential energy can be stored in rubber bands, bungee chords, trampolines, springs, an arrow drawn into a bow, etc.
Gravitational Energy is the energy of
position or place. A rock resting at the top
of a hill contains gravitational potential energy.
Hydropower, such as water in a reservoir behind
a dam, is an example of gravitational potential energy.
Both potential & kinetic energy come in many forms. Six of the most common ones are:
Energy of moving parts
THERMAL (HEAT) ENERGY
Energy of the heat IN an object
Energy in chemical bonds of food, gas, batteries, burning wood etc.
Moving electrical charges
Light energy, X-rays, radio waves
Stored in the nucleus of an atom & released when atoms are split or joined together, nuclear reactors, atomic bombs, stars, sun
Energy can be converted (transformed or changed) from one form to another.
1) Food has POTENTIAL CHEMICAL energy.
2) When you eat it, the bonds in the atoms are broken and the energy is released to your cells.
Your body CHANGES the chemical energy to KINETIC MECHANICAL ENERGY when you run, jump, write, walk.
4) Finally, your body creates THERMAL (HEAT) ENERGY you can feel because the molecules inside you are moving!
Use the flow chart in your notes to show each form of energy that occurs.
Light & Heat
ELECTRIC PENCIL SHARPENER
GEARS & BLADES
Plant changes sunlight and water into sugar (food) for plant!
Conversions Between Forms of Energy
Electrical Energy into Thermal Energy
Chemical Energy into Mechanical Energy
With your elbow buddy:
The energy we use comes from many sources: Fossil fuel (coal, oil, natural gas) , nuclear power, Sun, wind, geothermal, hydropower. Most of this we convert into electricity.
There are 6 forms of energy: mechanical, chemical, nuclear, electromagnetic, thermal, electrical . Energy can change from one form into another but is not created or destroyed.
Where do we get electricity?
Energy conversions from fossil fuel: