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Additional principles of training A.6. Specificity & Individual differences/needs Progressive overload Adaptation Reversibility Variation Rest and recovery. Match the definitions. Complete the worksheet and then watch the video . Specificity. DEFINITION

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Additional principles of training a 6
Additional principles of training A.6

  • Specificity & Individual differences/needs

  • Progressive overload

  • Adaptation

  • Reversibility

  • Variation

  • Rest and recovery


Match the definitions
Match the definitions

  • Complete the worksheet and then watch the video


Specificity
Specificity

  • DEFINITION

  • “training should be specific to the individuals sport, activity or physical/skill related fitness goals to be developed”

  • Training needs to MATCH the needs of the activity

  • E.G. Marathon runner doing aerobic endurance training to improve endurance for the 26 mile race


Individual differences needs
Individual differences/needs

  • DEFINITION

  • “programme should be designed to meet individual training goals and needs”

  • Every individual is different so training programmes should reflect this

  • E.G. Goalkeepers will have a different fitness training programme compared to other outfield players


Progressive overload
Progressive overload

  • DEFINITION

  • “training needs to be demanding enough to cause the body to adapt, improving performance”

  • Working harder than normal

  • Using gradual steps to increase the level of training

  • E.G. Increasing from: Running for 10 minutes to 11 minutes NOT 20 minutes


Adaptation
Adaptation

  • DEFINITION

  • “how the body reacts to training loads by increasing it’s demands to cope with these loads”

  • Body adjusts to the training

  • Training feels easier than it did in the beginning


Reversibility
Reversibility

  • DEFINITION

  • “if training stops, or the intensity of training is not sufficient to cause adaptation, training effects are reversed”

  • Training may stop due to: injury, lack of motivation etc.

  • Training gains are lost much quicker than they are gained


Variation
Variation

  • Vary the training regime

  • Avoids boredom and maintains enjoyment

  • If every session is the same, performers will lose motivation and become disinterested


Rest and recovery
Rest and recovery

  • Essential part of any training programme

  • Body needs to recover

  • Training gains can then take place