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Global Social Work Practice: Reflective Practice for Justice and Peace . Collaborative Course: Loyola University of Chicago School of Social Work and Vytautas Magnus University School of Social Work Spring, 2011. Faculty Loyola: Professor Katherine Tyson
Collaborative Course: Loyola University of Chicago School of Social Work and Vytautas Magnus University School of Social Work
Loyola: Professor Katherine Tyson
VMU: Professor Violeta Ivanauskiene
In Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia,
The Baltic Way
(courtesy of Wikipedia)
Vytautas the Great,
“The beginnings of higher education in Lithuania go back to the 16th century when, in 1579, the college founded by Jesuits in Vilnius became a higher school of education, the University of Vilnius. In 1832, Czar Nicholas I closed the university. After the independence of Lithuania was declared, in 1918, the State Council decided to re-establish the University of Vilnius. Since Vilnius was occupied and the Lithuanian government transferred to Kaunas, this decision was not put into effect.
In 1920, Higher Courses of Study were begun in Kaunas, laying the foundation for the establishment of a university. In February 1922, the Lithuanian Government of Ministers decided to establish the University of Lithuania in Kaunas. The ceremonial opening of the university took place on February 16, 1922. On June 7, 1930, the university was named Vytautas Magnus University. It was closed during the Soviet occupation. The act of re-establishing Vytautas Magnus University was proclaimed on April 28, 1989.”
Festival, Vilnius, Lithuania
Marijampole, LT 2005
a) How does the concept of self-determination that Patricia Ewalt describes fit with your cultural definitions of self-determination? This includes both the concept of self, and the concept of freedom of choice.
b) What kinds of obstacles to self-determination do clients you have worked with experience?
c) How do you think social workers can develop self-determination for people 1) individually 2) in communities 3) nationally 4) globally?
d) Amartya Sen bases his ideas on concepts of Freedom of Choice (see slide) and he discusses five kinds of freedom. Give examples of those freedoms and unfreedoms in your country.
- Microethnographic study of social workers in Russia found:
The articulation of a view of universal values regarding human life:
Rwanda used three judicial processes to rectify effects of the 1994 conflict:
People responded most positively to gacaca: they felt more informed and involved with the process (p. 610).“When people feel as thought they have more control of the outcome, they are more likely to support the process. Since gacaca is community-based and trials are held publicly within the community, people may be more involved and committed” (2004, p. 610).
The least positive response was toward ICTR, about which Rwandans had the least information. Therefore,“a lack of reliable information is the key factor undermining the capacity of the tribunal to contribute to reconciliation in Rwanda” (p. 610)
Individuals within the community respond more positively when feeling involved in the justice process.
Hypothesis: Repeated exposure to violence multiplies the risk of children developing PTSD (with behavior problems, numbing, dissociation, etc.)
Sample: 150 children, 6-9 and 12-15, boys and girls, in low-violence and high-violence communities, all in 2 parent households
Measures: * demographics; mothers completed Achenbach Child Behavior Inventory; children were interviewed about their experiences of violence; Conflict Tactics Scale given to mother re father, and child re mother; Parenting Stress Index completed by mother
*Risk factors counted: see p. 37
Results: *Palestinian children had same incidence of behavior problems as US children exposed to chronic violence
*Accumulation of risk evident: see p. 39 chart; as risks went over 4 children went over threshold into clinical dysfunction
Is there a need for it? Examples: