An Introduction to Database and Database Designing. R C Goyal Principal Scientist IASRI, New Delhi. Databases Before the Use of Computers. Data kept in books, ledgers, card files, folders, and file cabinets Long response time Labor-intensive Often incomplete or inaccurate.
R C Goyal
IASRI, New Delhi
Dataknown facts that can be recorded and that has implicit meaning
Meaningless data becomes information when it is processed and presented to the decision maker in a meaningful way
Typical flat-file table