Simple Sentences • Declarative – • Interrogative • Imperative • Exclamatory Statement. Question? Command. Emotion!
Simple Sentence • A complete sentence has a subject and a predicate that work together to make a complete thought. Bobby smiled until he thought his face would crack.
Simple Sentence-Write an example of each. • S P • S S P • S P P • S S P P F F F F
Fragment Sentences • A SENTENCE FRAGMENT fails to be a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by itself.
Fragment Sentences • may locate something in time and place, but lack a subject-verb relationship. Last Saturday after the ballgame at the ice cream shop.
Fragment Sentences • may describe something, but have no subject-verb relationship. Shooting just before the buzzer rang and hoping to score the winning point.
Fragment Sentences • may have most of the makings of a sentence but still be missing an important part of a verb string. Some of the girls going together to the mall.
Fragment Sentences • may have a subject-verb relationship, but cannot stand by itself. Even though she was the prettiest girl and had a great talent presentation.
Run-On Sentences • A RUN-ON SENTENCE (sometimes called a fused sentence) has at least two parts, either one of which can stand by itself, but the two parts have been connected together with one or two words instead of becoming two sentences.
Run-On Sentences • Remember: The length of a sentence really has nothing to do with whether a sentence is a run-on or not; even a very short sentence could be a run-on. The books are heavy don’t carry them. The books are heavy. Don’t carry them.
Run-On Sentences • When two clauses are connected by only a comma, they are a run-on sentence that is called a comma-splice. The books are heavy, don’t carry them.
Run-On Sentences happen • when an independent clause gives an order or directive based on what was said in the prior independent clause. The game is going to be very close you have to play your best.
Ready for a drill? • Is it a complete sentence, run-on, or a fragment? Read each of the following and click your choice!
Walking through the dark forest. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
Bob was running in the yard. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
This is my first ball game but I think we will win. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
All of the other girls at the mall. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
My arm hurts a little. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
A big crowd of people have arrived. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
Mother washed the clothes and she waxed the floor. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
What a day for a party! Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
Even though it was late and very dark. Complete Sentence Fragment Run-On
Combining Sentences • Sentences have to be combined to avoid the boredom that would happen if all sentences were the same length.
A Compound Sentence • consists of two or more independent clauses. That means that there are at least two units of thought within the sentence, either one of which can stand by itself as its own sentence.
Compound Sentences • Words that combine are called conjunctions (FANBOYS). The two most common conjunctions are and and but. Susan likes to read. She likes to play piano. Susan likes to read and play the piano.
Ready for practice? • On your paper combine each pair of sentences. A suggested answer will be supplied.
I went to the game. Joey went skating. ANSWER
Compound sentence: I went to the game, but Joey went skating.
You can come with us. We are leaving early. ANSWER
Compound sentence: You can come with us, but we are leaving early.