Law Clinic Employment Presentation
Suitable jobs; where and how to look for them? • Job centres • Internet • Online networking • Newspapers and Magazines • Word of Mouth • Approaching Employers • Other ways to look
Securing that job: • Maximising your skills • Applying for a Job: • Covering Letter • Application Form • CV • Interview and beyond
Text MinimumWage • £6.08 per hour for workers aged 21 years and older • £4.98 per hour for workers aged 18-20 • £3.68 per hour for workers aged 16-17 Who Is Entitled? • Most workers in the UK • Over school leaving age • All employers have to pay it to you if you are entitled Who Isn’t? • Volunteers • Work Experience • Self Employed What If You’re Not Being Paid? • DirectGov Website • Talk to Employer • Access to records Other Help • Pay and Work Rights Helpline - 0800 917 2368 • Talk to Employer • Access to records
Income Tax and National Insurance • Why income tax? • Income tax bands • National Insurance • Tax free allowances • Non-taxable income
National Insurance • Employed • Self-employed
Hours, breaks and Holidays: • For Young Workers: • No more than 8 hours a day or; • 40 hours a week. • NB: Sometimes, You may be required to work longer hours. • Generally young workers can’t work between 10pm – 6am (or, 11pm - 7am ) • Breaks: • Rest breaks – 30 minutes • Daily rest- 12 hours • Weekly rest- two days If you have any problems – go to the Citizen’s Advice Bureau
Once you’re over 18: • For Adult Wokers: EU time directive • 48 hours a week over 17 weeks • Subject to certain exceptions • Breaks: • Rest breaks – 20 minutes • Daily rest – 11 hours • Weekly rest - one day (NB: No weekend!)
Paid holidays from work • Holiday: • If you are a young or an adult orker you should be eligible for the same paid holiday • 5.6 weeks paid holiday a year Working it out: To work out how many days holiday you can take a year, you need to multiply 5.6 by the number of days you work in a week.
What can be expected of an employee? • Turn up on time. • No drink or drugs. • Give as much notice as possible if you are ill. • Do the work you have been asked to do, and do it well. • Be enthusiastic and competent. • Respect your employer and the work you have been asked to do. • Take care of your personal appearance. • Be polite and have a smile on your face! • Remember that the customer is always right! • Don’t bully the other employees. • Respect safety guidelines. • Know your rights!
What can you expect of your employer? • Should…send you a written statement of employment within 2 months • Give you an induction. • Make sure you don’t work too many hours and sort out your pay. • Has to…look after your health and safety! • Give you a copy of the reference they receive. • Have a valid reason for dismissing you if you have been there for more than year. • Doesn’t have to…give you a reference • Give you feedback if you don’t get the job.
What can you expect of your employer • Can…ask you to bring in your passport. • Ask for a reference. • Collect information on race and ethnicity. • Ask for proof of qualifications and CRB check. • Withdraw a job offer. • Dismiss you without notice or in your probationary period. • Can’t…discriminate against you. • Reduce your breaks and daily rest. • Dismiss you without reason (exceptions). • Bully or harass you. • Refuse to pay you.
1. What is the minimum wage for a person aged between 18-20 and 16-17? • £4.98 - the 18-20 rate • £3.68 - the 16-17 rate for workers above school leaving age but under 18 2. After how long should an employee under the age of 18 be given a break? • Young workers who need to work for more than four and a half hours will get a rest break of 30 minutes. • You must have 12 hours rest between each working day, and 2 rest days per working week.
What is the minimum amount of holiday time a full time employee is entitled to? • You are entitled to a minimum of 5.6 weeks paid annual leave - 28 days for someone working five days a week (capped at maximum of 28 days) Does your entitlement differ if you are only a part time employee? • No, you receive the same holiday entitlement as comparable full-time workers
Is ‘cash in hand’ acceptable? • No How many hours can you work if under the age of 18? • A young worker cannot usually be made to work more than eight hours per day or 40 hours per week. Where would you go for careers advice? • They can give various answers to this – careers websites etc…
Useful Websites Where to go for careers advice • http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/YoungPeople/Workandcareers/index.htm • http://www.netmums.com/your-child/tweens_teens_secondary_schools/careers-advice-for-teenagers Who you can contact if you are having employment issues • http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Employment/ResolvingWorkplaceDisputes/DG_10027991 - gives advice on how to resolves issues at work and gives a step by step approach on how to deal with disputes effectively and professionally. • http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Employment/Employees/TheNationalMinimumWage/DG_10027201 Government gives advice on the minimum wage, and also provides The Pay and Work Rights Helpline which gives confidential help and advice on the NMW. If you aren’t being paid the NMW you can contact the Pay and Work Rights Helpline or use the online enquiry or complaint form. • Pay and Work Rights Helpline • Confidential help and advice on the National Minimum Wage • 0800 917 2368 • Monday-Friday 9:00-5:00pm