framing research elements of a research proposal and the introduction section l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Framing research, elements of a research proposal, and the introduction section PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Framing research, elements of a research proposal, and the introduction section

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 21

Framing research, elements of a research proposal, and the introduction section - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 201 Views
  • Uploaded on

Framing research, elements of a research proposal, and the introduction section. Research Process and Design Spring 2006 Class #2. Today’s agenda. Introduction to educational research Elements of a research proposal Writing the introduction Create groups.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Framing research, elements of a research proposal, and the introduction section' - whitley


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
framing research elements of a research proposal and the introduction section

Framing research, elements of a research proposal, and the introduction section

Research Process and Design

Spring 2006

Class #2

today s agenda
Today’s agenda
  • Introduction to educational research
  • Elements of a research proposal
  • Writing the introduction
  • Create groups

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

why do we do educational research
Why do we do educational research?
  • Helps educators understand educational processes; make professional decisions
  • Provides information to policy groups to assist them with mandated changes in education
  • Serves the information needs of concerned public, professional, and private organizations
  • Reviews and interprets accumulated empirical evidence
  • Is readily available
  • Includes educators in the field in research projects

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

slide4
Perhaps more important, why is it important for you to learn how to read, evaluate, and design research?

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

principles of scientific evidence based inquiry table 1 1 m s
Principles of Scientific Evidence-Based Inquiry (Table 1.1, M & S)
  • Adapted from National Research Council
  • Definition—evidenced-based inquiry is the search for knowledge using systematically gathered empirical data
  • Principle 1: pose significant questions that can be investigated empirically

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

principles of scientific evidence based inquiry
Principles of Scientific Evidence-Based Inquiry
  • Principle 2: link research to relevant theory or conceptual framework
  • Principle 3: use methods that allow direct investigation of the research question
  • Principle 4: provide a coherent and explicit chain of reasoning

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

principles of scientific evidence based inquiry7
Principles of Scientific Evidence-Based Inquiry
  • Principle 5: replicate/generalize or extend across studies
  • Principle 6: disclose research to encourage professional scrutiny and critique

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

the research process seven phases
The Research Process—Seven Phases
  • Select a general problem
  • Review the literature on the problem
  • Decide the specific research problem, question, or hypothesis
  • Determine the design and methodology
  • Collect data
  • Analyze data and present the results
  • Interpret the findings and state conclusions or summary regarding the problem

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

research process m s p 11

Collect data

Analyze and present data

Interpret findings

Research Process (M & S, p. 11)

Select a general problem

Conduct literature review

State conclusion/ generalization about problem

Preliminary search, later expanded

Exhaustive review

Select specific problem, research question, or hypothesis

Statistical tables

Integrative diagrams

Decide design and methodology

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

research design
Research Design
  • Research design describes how the study was conducted
    • What is general plan
    • How research is set up
    • What happens to the subjects
    • What were methods of data collection

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

research design11
Research Design
  • Match the design to the question(s) being asked so as to best answer the question(s)
  • Consider limitations and cautions in interpreting results from each design
  • Analyze data in keeping with research design
    • Provide the most valid, accurate answers to research questions
    • Congruency between the research question and the research design selected to answer that question
    • Implications related to the type of data analysis with specific research designs

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

three major categories of research design
Three Major Categories of Research Design
  • Quantitative
    • Experimental (true, quasi, single-subject)
    • Nonexperimental (descriptive, comparative, correlational, ex post facto)
  • Qualitative
  • Mixed Methods

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

quantitative and qualitative research approaches
Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches
  • Assumptions about the world
    • Quantitative—single reality (i.e., cause and effect, reduce to specific variables, test of theories)
    • Qualitative—multiple reality (i.e., multiple meanings of individual experiences, meanings are socially constructed)
  • Research purpose
    • Quantitative—establish relationships or explain causes of change
    • Qualitative—understand social phenomenon, explore a process, describe experiences, report stories

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

quantitative and qualitative research approaches14
Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches
  • Research methods and process
    • Quantitative—established set of procedures and steps
    • Qualitative—flexible design, emergent design
  • Prototypical studies
    • Quantitative—experimental or correlational designs, designed to reduce bias, error, and extraneous variables
    • Qualitative—takes into account bias and subjectivity

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

quantitative and qualitative research approaches15
Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches
  • Researcher role
    • Quantitative—detached from study to avoid bias
    • Qualitative—immersed in phenomenon being studied; participant observation
  • Importance of the context in the study
    • Quantitative—aims to establish universal context-free generalizations
    • Qualitative—develops context-bound summaries

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

elements of a research proposal see handout for details
Elements of a research proposal (see handout for details)
  • Introduction
    • Should capture the reader’s interest and sell them on the idea that the study is worth doing
    • Can serve as a standalone document that describes your study
  • Review of the literature
    • Summarizes and analyzes previous research
    • Shows relationship of current study to what has been done
  • Method
    • Clearly describes how you plan to take answer your research questions or test your hypotheses

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

introduction should answer the following
Introduction should answer the following:
  • What do you plan to study?
  • Why is it important to study it?
  • How do you plan to study it?
  • Who do you plan to study?

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

the introduction is likely to include
The introduction is likely to include:
  • The research problem
  • Studies that have addressed the problem
  • Deficiencies in the studies
  • Importance of the proposed research
  • Brief introduction to theoretical framework
  • Purpose statement
  • Research questions and/or hypotheses (sometimes included in the literature review section)
  • Brief description of method (who? and how?)
  • Limitations and delimitations

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

one model for introduction suggested by creswell
One model for introduction (suggested by Creswell)

Research problem

Review of studies addressing problem

Deficiencies of previous work

Importance of study

Purpose of study, research questions, and/or hypotheses

Brief statement of method

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

slide20
What research problem would you like to address in your proposal?

Research Process and Design (Umbach)

for next week
For next week…
  • Introduction to quantitative research design - internal and external validity
  • Critiquing research articles (using antonio, et al. as an example)
  • Narrowing your research topic

Research Process and Design (Umbach)