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Port Orford Ocean Resource Team: Partnering Local and Scientific Knowledge With GIS for Community-based Management. Vicki A. Wedell, Oregon State University David Revell, University of California Santa Cruz. AAAS Annual Meeting Feb 13 th 2004. Today’s Presentation. Background

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Port Orford Ocean Resource Team: Partnering Local and Scientific Knowledge With GIS for Community-based Management

Vicki A. Wedell, Oregon State University

David Revell, University of California Santa Cruz

AAAS Annual Meeting Feb 13th 2004

Today s presentation
Today’s Presentation


  • Physical setting

  • Management Context

  • The Port of Port Orford

  • Port Orford Ocean Resource Team

    Participatory GIS Research Design and Methods

  • Local knowledge interviews

  • Data Aggregation

  • Initial results

  • Conclusions

Port orford
Port Orford...

Latitude/Longitude: 42 44 45 N / 124 29 46 W

Cape Blanco

Coos Bay



Port Orford


Port Orford

Port Orford Dock

Gold Beach


Active Tectonics Lab, OSU

Current management context
Current Management Context

  • 1996 Sustainable Fisheries Act (MSFCMA)

    • Standard 8: we must assess impacts to fishing communities

    • Issue of scale

  • Pacific groundfish crisis

    (NOAA Fisheries Jan 2000)

    • Quota reductions

    • 50% capacity reduction

    • 100-250 fathom in-season shelf closure

Port Orford

The port orford fishing community
The Port Orford Fishing Community

  • Small scale fishing-dependant community

    • ~40 vessels (<45 feet)

    • 100-150 people involved in commercial fishing (10-15% of population)

    • 40 fishing families

  • No Coast Guard Station

73% of interviewees participate in 4-7 different fisheries

Current fisheries executed

Changes caused by Mgt. Regulations

Current Fisheries Executed

Port orford ocean resources team poort

Local Advisory Board

Science Advisory Committee

Project Manager

Communications Coordinator

The key to our success!

Port Orford Ocean Resources Team(POORT)

POORT Vision: A sustainable fishery that combines the best science and local experiential knowledge for the community to make local fishery management decisions.

From vision to results
From Vision to Results…

Science and Management ?s

Spatial data to answer ?s




Coop. Research



Fish Counts





Http www coastalatlas net

ODFW Nearshore Rocky Reef Project (1997-2000)


Some Coastal Atlas layers…

1996 ODFW Fish Survey

Seafloor Mapping Lab, OSU

NOAA Nautical Charts

Groundfish fleet restructuring and information analysis project
Groundfish Fleet Restructuring and Information Analysis Project

High resolution case study of Port Orford

GIS Layers

Conceptual Model

Documenting local knowledge

Pilot interview and community presentation Project

Validation interviews with participants

Community validation workshop

Create base maps and interview protocol

Incorporate edits and create final inventory maps

Conduct LKI with community members

Transcribe and digitize individual interviews

Aggregate individual maps into draft inventory

Documenting Local Knowledge

In progress

GIS base maps: communication & process tool Project

  • Nautical charts

  • Fathom contours

  • Local place names

    • –focus group

Local knowledge interviews Project

  • Confidentiality Agreements

  • Semi-structured interviews

    • Demographics & vessel information

    • Distribution of human uses

    • Relative economic importance

    • Distribution of species and resources

    • Open microphone

  • Location information recorded

    • Drew on acetate overlays

    • Verbally referenced place name

    • Depth delineated areas

Lki participants
LKI Participants Project

33 interviews with 36 people

24 Commercial fishermen 2 Divers

3 Recreational fishermen 3 Buyers

4 Recreationalists 2 Scientists

Average age: 51 years

Average experience: 20+ years

31 males: 5 females

Port Orford commercial fishermen Project

  • ~50% Port Orford vessels represented, average length: 34 feet

  • 17 owners and/or captains

  • 7 deckhands

    • 524 years combined experience

    • 24 years average experience

  • 7 second-generation fishermen

  • 1 third generation fisherman

  • 20/25 work a combined total of over 2200 days/year on the ocean, presently averaging ~120 days/year

Data aggregation
Data aggregation Project

  • Convert vector data into 30 m grid

  • Assigned grid cell value of 1 for polygon presence and 0 for absence

  • Cumulative totals for each grid cell

  • Nearest neighbor analysis (6 cell focal mean) to smooth the data.

  • Data classified using an equal area distribution of 7 classes and re-categorized into Low, Medium, and High usage.

Thanks to our partners at Ecotrust, especially Charles!

Dungeness crab Project


Salmon Project


Halibut Project

High Spot


Sablefish (aka black cod) Project


High Spot



Conclusions Project

  • To meet requirements of the Sustainable Fisheries Act 1996 Standard 8, we need to address community issues at the community level. It comes down to a matter of scale. For Port Orford 150m is appropriate.

  • Local knowledge interviews are a successful tool to understand a fishing community, its resources, and dependence on various areas.

  • Coupling scientific and local knowledge in GIS is a powerful way to support community management objectives.

  • Spatial representation of human uses, economic dependence, and species distribution can guide area-based management strategies including: local area management and/or the selection of less controversial areas for MPAs.

Next steps for poort
Next Steps for POORT Project

Phase II

  • More in depth economic surveys and spatial analysis

  • Cooperative research projects: port sampling and genetic research

    Future Phases:

  • Develop a management plan and long-term monitoring program

  • Examine Substrate/Species Relationships

Thank you
Thank You Project

  • Funders:

  • Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies

  • Environmental Defense

  • NOAA Cooperative Research

  • Penny Family Fund

  • Oregon Coastal Management Program Ocean Enhancement Grant

  • Data:

  • ODFW

  • Coastal Atlas

  • Dr. Chris Goldfinger Lab – OSU

  • Ecotrust


  • Port Orford Ocean Resources Team

  • Port Orford Community

  • Terra Cognita – OSU GIS lab

  • Pacific Marine Conservation Council

  • Surfrider Foundation