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## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Pairs of Angles' - wesley-stout

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### Pairs of Angles

Geometry (Holt 1-4) k.Santos

Adjacent Angles

Adjacent angles—two angles in the same plane (coplanar) with a common vertex, a common side but no common interior points

A

D

B C

< ABD and

Linear Pair

Linear Pair—a pair of adjacent angles whose noncommon sides are opposite sides

1 2

< 1 and < 2 form a linear pair

Complementary Angles

Complementary Angles—two angles whose measures have a sum of 90

A D

30 60

B C

Adjacent and non-adjacent and

Complementary complementary

Example---Complementary angles

Given: m< 1 =3x + 7 and m < 2= 7x + 3. Find x, m< 1 and m < 2. The angles are complementary.

The angles are complementary

(So they add to 90

m< 1 + m < 2 = 90

3x + 7 + 7x + 3 = 90

10x + 10 = 90 1 2

10x = 80

x= 8

m<1= 3x + 7 m < 2 =7x + 3

m<1= 3(8) + 7 m< 2 = 7(8) + 3

m< 1 = 31 m < 2 =59

check: 31 + 59 = 90 which are complementary

Supplementary Angles

Supplementary Angles—two angles whose measures have the sum is 180

1 2 110 70

Adjacent and Non-adjacent and

Supplementary supplementary

m<1 + m < 2 = 180 110 = 180

Example—Supplementary Angles

Given m< 2 = 125Find the m< 1:

This is a linear pair

So the angles are supplementary

(which means they add to 1802

1

m< 1 + m< 2 = 180

x + 125 = 180

x = 55

So m<1 = 55

Complements and Supplements

If you have an angle X

It’s complement can be found by subtracting from 90

or (90 – x)

It’s supplement can be found by subtracting from 180

or (180 - x)

VerticalAngles

Vertical angles—two angles whose sides form two pairs of opposite rays

13

24

Picture always looks like an X

< 1 and < 4 are vertical angles

< 2 and < 3 are vertical angles

Example—Identifying angle pairs

Name a pair of each of the

following angles: E F

Complementary angles: D

A B C

Supplementary angles:

Vertical angles:

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