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Day 5: Checking an ill or injured person. Bellringer #5 On page 711 in the Health book: Define the terms “choking”, “universal distress signal”, and “abdominal thrusts”. On page 715 in the Health book: Define the term “rescue breathing”. Checking an ill of injured person. For an Adult :

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day 5 checking an ill or injured person
Day 5: Checking an ill or injured person

Bellringer #5

On page 711 in the Health book:

    • Define the terms “choking”, “universal distress signal”, and “abdominal thrusts”.
  • On page 715 in the Health book:
    • Define the term “rescue breathing”
checking an ill of injured person
Checking an ill of injured person
  • For an Adult:
    • Check the scene
    • Check the person
      • Tap shoulder and shout, ”are you okay?”
    • No Response, CALL 911
      • If alone call 911 first before giving care
    • Open airway (tilt head, lift chin) – Checking for signs of life for no more then 10 seconds
if not breathing
If not breathing:
  • Give 2 Breaths
    • If breaths go in
      • Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths.
    • Continue CPR until—
      • Scene becomes unsafe
      • You find a sign of life
      • AED is ready to use
      • You are too exhausted to continue
      • Another trained responder arrives and takes over
rescue breaths
Rescue Breaths:
  • Tilt head and lift chin, then pinch the nose shut.
  • Take a breath and make a complete seal over he person’s mouth.
  • Blow to make chest clearly rise.
    • Each breath should last about 1 second
if not breathing choking
If not breathing: Choking
  • Give 2 Breaths
    • If breaths DO NOT go in
      • Retilt and try again
    • If breaths still do not go in
      • Give 30 chest compressions
      • Look for an object
        • Remove it if one is seen
      • Try 2 rescue breaths
    • If breaths still do not go in
      • Continue previous steps until breaths go in
    • If breaths go in
      • Check for signs of life
      • Give care based on conditions you find
checking an ill of injured person1
Checking an ill of injured person
  • For a Child or Infant:
    • Check the scene
    • Check the person
      • Tap shoulder and shout, ”are you okay?”
    • No Response, CALL 911
      • If alone give about 2 minutes of care first then call 911
    • Open airway (tilt head, lift chin) – Checking for signs of life for no more then 10 seconds
if not breathing1
If not breathing:
  • Give 2 Breaths
    • If breaths go in
      • Check pulse
      • Child – Carotid artery
      • Infant – Brachial artery
if not breathing choking1
If not breathing:Choking
  • Give 2 Breaths
    • If breaths DO NOT go in
      • Retilt and try again
    • If breaths still do not go in
      • Give 30 chest compressions
      • Look for an object
        • Remove it if one is seen
      • Try 2 rescue breaths
    • If breaths still do not go in
      • Continue previous steps until breaths go in
    • If breaths go in
      • Check for signs of life
      • Give care based on conditions you find
if a pulse but not breathing
If a pulse but NOT breathing:
  • Give 1 rescue breath about every 3 second.
    • Pinch nose shut
    • Make seal over child’s mouth
    • Blow to make chest clearly rise.
      • Each breath should last about 1 second
    • After about 2 minutes recheck signs of life and pulse for no more tan 10 seconds
if no pulse
If no pulse:
  • Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths.
  • Continue CPR until—
    • Scene becomes unsafe
    • You find a sign of life
    • AED is ready to use
    • You are too exhausted to continue
    • Another trained responder arrives and takes over
conscious choking adult child
Conscious Choking – Adult/Child
  • Check scene, then person
  • Have someone call 911
  • Obtain consent (parent or guardian)
  • Lean the person forward and give 5 back blows with the heel of your hand.
  • Give 5 quick, upward abdominal thrusts
    • Just above the navel, thumb inward – grasp with other hand
continue back blows and abdominal thrusts until
Continue back blows and abdominal thrusts until :
  • Object is forced out.
  • Person can breathe or cough forcefully.
    • If a person is coughing do not do anything but encourage them to keep coughing.
  • Person becomes unconscious.
conscious choking infant
Conscious Choking - Infant
  • Check scene, then person
  • Have someone call 911
  • Obtain consent from a parent or guardian, if present
  • Give 5 back blows
  • Give 5 Chest thrusts
    • Hold head and neck securely when giving back blows and chest thrusts.
continue back blows and chest thrusts until
Continue back blows and chest thrusts until :
  • Object is forced out.
  • Infant can breathe or cough forcefully.
    • If a person is coughing do not do anything but encourage them to keep coughing.
  • Infant becomes unconscious.
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