ANCIENT GREECE. With a neighbor, explain how the geography affected the development of Ancient Greece. The Geography of Greece. The Mountains ¾ of the land Little farmland (few streams) supported a small population) Divided into city-states (polis) Never united into one country
With a neighbor, explain how the geography affected the development of Ancient Greece.
What was the polis?
What was the acropolis?
Why do people need religion?How did the Greeks use religion for that purpose?
1650 BCE - 700 BCE
700 BCE - 324 BCE
Back to the polis…
What political contribution did the Greeks give to Western cultures and societies?
1. Strengthen Athenian Democracy
2. Hold & Strengthen the empire
3. Glorify Athens
Classical Greek art was focused on idealism and beauty.
The acropolis was the fortified hilltop area of the city-state.
Back to the polis!
The Parthenon was a temple built to the Athenian patron goddess, Athena.
Housed in the acropolis was the agora, or the marketplace, where men frequented to buy/sell or discuss politics.
This was the site of the Olympic games that the Greeks attended every year. Though they fought each other, they would cease war just for the Olympic games.
Athens’ strength became their weakness, and other Greek city-states grew tired of their power…
Athens vs. Sparta
Sparta grows tired of
Athenian domination of the Delian League
PHILIP II CONQUERS GREECE.
Philip II hated the Greeks because they looked down on the Macedonians, seeing them as uncivilized foreigners (even though many Macedonians saw themselves as Greek)
Ow! My eyeball!
324 BCE - 100 BCE
-His soldiers fought for 11 years
-They miss their families and beg Alexander to go home
-Alexander agrees, but never makes it home. He dies of syphillis at the age of 32!
Hellenism: blend of Greek and Eastern (Persian, Egyptian, and Indian) cultures
A 100 ft. tall
Toppled by an earthquake
In 225 BC
What is Hellenism? How did Alexander the Great’s conquest lead to cultural diffusion?What were some characteristics of Hellenistic Greece?