Thinking Strategies. Thinking Strategies. Reasoning The process by which we generate arguments, evaluate them, and reach conclusions Formal Reasoning Informal Reasoning. Formal/Logical Reasoning. The Mental procedures that yield a valid conclusion
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y + z = r2
A car dealer might suggest a price for a car and the customer will try to negotiate down from that price, even if the price suggested is more than the Blue Book Value.
Chen attends a school where the average GPA is around a 3.0. Chen pushes himself to do well academically in addition to participating in a variety of activities, including: Chess club, Asian-American Club, Debate Club, and Latin Club. He is also the treasurer of the National Honor Society.
What do you think is Chen’s GPA?
After reading an article about lottery winners, you start to overestimate your own likelihood of winning the jackpot. You start spending more money than you should each week on lottery tickets.
1. Break mental sets – be creative! (see next slide)
2. Find useful analogy
3. Represent information efficiently
4. Find shortcuts
5. Establish sub-goals
6. Turn ill-defined problems into well-defined problems