Turn off cell phones by 6:00. All ear devices, too. An introduction to EN 255. David Rude, MA, CPC. Heald College, Rancho Cordova. English 255.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Turn off cell phones by 6:00 All ear devices, too.
An introductiontoEN 255 David Rude, MA, CPC Heald College, Rancho Cordova
English 255 - Students study the principles of argument as they apply to written, visual, and oral texts (both fiction and non-fiction), and apply them with increasing sophistication to their own research-based persuasive writing. - Critical thinking will be developed through analysis of rhetorical strategies and Toulmin’s argument structure as well as through examination of common logical fallacies. - Advanced composition topics include primary research, advanced prose style, syntax analysis, cohesive strategies, audience analysis, and tone. Students write a minimum of 8,000 words
Outcomes of this Class By the end of this quarter each student will be able to do the following: • Critically analyze written, spoken, and visual arguments for argumentative strategies, logical fallacies, assumptions, key definitions, and various forms of evidence. • Conduct primary research and integrate it effectively with secondary research into persuasive writing. • Analyze audience characteristics and tailor specific persuasive strategies for the audience. • Identify and utilize advanced prose style and syntax in writing. • Employ techniques for persuasive argument and advanced composition in student’s own writing.
Wanna snack? 60 Calorie Fudgsiclelowfat pops 18 Ingredients: nonfat milk, processed sugar, corn syrup, whey, high fructose corn syrup, water, palm oil, cocoa processed with alkali, tricalcium phosphate, mono & diglycerides, cellulose gum, guar gum, malt powder, salt, polysorbate80* and polysorbate65**, carrageenan 60 Calorie Vegan fruit pop – Made by Mr. Rude 3 Ingredients: raw sugar, fresh fruit, coconut milk *Most commonly used in cosmetics **Most commonly used in cleaners and personal care products
“Teach every child about food” Jamie Oliver talks about food in America Chef and activist Jamie Oliver has made it his mission to transform the way we feed ourselves and our children, through his cookbooks, TV shows and the Jamie Oliver Food Foundation.
Argument: The Basics What is Argument? Arguments are claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence. There are FIVE highly relevant characteristics of argument: 1. Argumentation is a social process. Having an argument involves two or more individuals responding to one another's claim and support for such a claim.
Argument: The Basics What is Argument? Arguments are claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence. 2. Argumentation aims to gain adherence from an audience. People argue to gain assent for their positions. 3. Argument is an art. As an art, argument has techniques and general principles, therefore is a learned craft.
Argument: The Basics What is Argument? Arguments are claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence. 4. Argument involves contested issues. As a mode of influence, argument has persuasion as a central goal. Argument does not occur where there is consensus. 5. Argument fills much of our lives. Whether we recognize so or not, argument dominates our lives. We spend time arguing about what to eat, who to invite, when to do things, and where to go.
Doing well in ENGLISH 255 If you get stuck • DON’T just sit there! • Ask for help • Email or text and wait for my response…if you do NOT get • a response then I most likely didn’t get your message
What will help you earn an • Come to each and every class • Arrive ON TIME. Leave at the time the instructor ends class • Don’t distract others • Don’t use your phone or computer. NO texting, etc. • Communicate with your instructor • Read (again) the syllabus and KNOW and UNDERSTAND the class and college rules • Do well on tests and homework and Benchmark
fromForbes Magazine, January 2013The top 4 most critical job skills No. 1 Critical Thinking (found in 9 out of the 10 most in-demand jobs) Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. No. 2 Complex Problem Solving (found in 9 out of the 10 most in-demand jobs) Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. No. 3 Judgment and Decision-Making (found in 9 out of the 10 most in-demand jobs) Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate ones. No. 4 Active Listening (found in 9 out of the 10 most in-demand jobs) Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate and not interrupting.
Be on time • Dress appropriately • Confidently express yourself • Have a positive attitude • Work well with others There are FIVE professionalism standards
Let’s look at the syllabus and class website: www.davidrudeclassinfo.weebly.com
Who Am I? • Director of Counseling • Marriage and Family Counselor • Addiction Counselor • Life & Leadership Coach & Consultant with offices in Folsom and Ireland • Writer and Motivational Speaker
My experiences in teaching • Loyola MarymountUniversity, Instructor of American SignLanguage • InstitutoMarymount, Cuernavaca, Mexico • Jesuit High School, Sacramento • Principal, Silver Fork School, Kyburz • Instructor of Psychology and Anthropology, Lake Tahoe Community College
My experiences in teaching • Instructor of Teacher Preparation at National University • Instructor of Psychology and Human Development (nursing program) at Salt Lake City and Folsom Lake Community Colleges
Food. There’s plenty of it around, and we all love to eat it. So why should anyone need to defend it? In Defense of Food by Michael Pollan Because most of what we’re consuming today is not food, and how we’re consuming it — in the car, in front of the TV, and increasingly alone — is not really eating. Instead of food, we’re consuming “edible food-like substances” — no longer the products of nature but of food science. Distribute reading study questions.
“What Foods do You Need?” Quiz one – “The Right Diet” Activity – What foods do you need?
Topics you’ll be researching • Genetically-Engineered Vegetables (GMO’s) • Cloned farm livestock. • Food labeling issues • Childhood obesity? • Food allergies and health issues • Food misinformation in the media. • Does the FDA protect the public? • Do vitamins work? Are they really necessary? • Create pairs for research • The American Gut Project • Diabetes • Diets & Nutrition • School Lunches • Blood Type Diet • Is organic really better? • Does fast food really hurt your body? • Ayurvedic food & lifestyle • Hunger in USA
In an increasingly globalized world, it’s still sometimes shocking to see just how disparate our lives are compared with other human beings around the world. • A book of photographs by Peter Menzel called Hungry Planet: What the World Eats makes a relevant point with great irony: at a time when hundreds of millions of people don't have enough to eat, hundreds of millions more are eating too much and are overweight or obese. • In observing what six billion eat for dinner the author notes: "Today, more people are overweight than underweight."
United States: The Revis family of North Carolina (I hope most American families eat more fresh fruits and vegetables and less junk food than this family.) Food expenditure for one week $341.98
Germany: The Melander family of BargteheideFood expenditure for one week: 375.39 Euros or $500.07.
Egypt: The Ahmed family of Cairo Food expenditure for one week: 387.85 Egyptian Pounds or $68.53
Bhutan: The Namgay family of Shingkhey Village Food expenditure for one week: 224.93 ngultrum or $5.03. This feeds a family of 11! Remarkable.
Africa/Chad: The Aboubakar family of Breidjing Camp Food expenditure for one week: 685 CFA Francs or $1.23.
Homework: Essay ONE • See handout • Start movie: Hungry for Change
Everything’s an Argument Purposes of Argument 1. To inform – street signs, notices, headlines 2. To convince – school reports, academic papers, number-based reports 3. To persuade – to move an audience to action, to get votes, to sell a product
Everything’s an Argument Purposes of Argument 4. To explore – to invite one to remember or understand 5. To make decisions – to make choices, for a career path, for example 6. To meditate or pray – to transform or transcend
Everything’s an Argument Occasions for Argument 1. Arguments about the past – forensic arguments. Used with business, government and academics. 2. Arguments about the future – deliberative arguments. Congress, for example, is called a deliberative body because they establish policies for the future. Same-sex marriage, for example.
Everything’s an Argument 3. Arguments about the present – ceremonial arguments. They tend to be heard at public occasions, such as sermons, graduations, inaugural addresses.
Everything’s an Argument Kinds of arguments: 1. Arguments of fact – can be proven. 2. Arguments of definition – questions about quality or quantity, for example
Everything’s an Argument 3. Arguments of evaluation/causality – typically move forward by presenting criteria and then measuring individual people, ideas or things against those standards. 4. Proposal arguments – first describe a problem and then propose solution/alternatives.
Everything’s an Argument Appealing to audiences • Emotional appeals – Pathos • Ethical appeals – ethos • Logical appeals - logos