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Expanding Public Education

Expanding Public Education

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Expanding Public Education

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  1. Expanding Public Education Chapter 8, Section 2

  2. Schools for Children • Must attend 12-16 weeks of school per year (we have 36!) • Reading, writing, arithmetic • Strict rules and harsh punishment • Americanize immigrant children

  3. 1900 School desk

  4. Schoolhouse Bellingham, WA

  5. School in Santa Ana, CA

  6. 7th Grade Class, Illinois

  7. School class, 1900

  8. Discrimination in Schools

  9. Education for Immigrants • “Americanization” • Catholic parochial schools • Night school for adults • Henry Ford’s sociology department

  10. Growth of High Schools • 1900: 500,000 high school students • Science, civics, social studies, vocational courses • 1% of African American teenagers attended high school

  11. Science Class, 1900

  12. Reno High School, 1879

  13. RHS—Go Huskies!

  14. Recess, 1900

  15. Ms. Padgett isn’t that bad!

  16. Actual Rules for Teachers (circa 1915) • You will not marry during the term of your contract. • You are not to keep company with men. • You must be home between the hours of 8 p.m. and 6 a.m. unless attending a school function. • Your dresses must be not be any shorter than two inches above the ankle. • You may not travel beyond the city limits unless you have the permission of the chairman of the (school) board. • You may not ride in a carriage or automobile with any man unless he is your father or brother. • You may not dress in bright colors. • You may under no circumstances dye your hair. • You must wear at least two petticoats. • You may not loiter downtown in ice cream stores.

  17. Expanding Higher Education • 1880-1920 enrollment quadrupled • Law schools and medical schools • Private schools require entrance exam • Public schools require high school diploma

  18. Morrill Acts • 1862: 30,000 acres granted to each state for agricultural and mechanical arts colleges • 1890: Federal funds to these school (Clemson, Penn State, and Iowa State)

  19. Higher Education for African Americans • Howard, Atlanta, and Fisk Universities • Booker T. Washington • Labor skills and economic value would end racism • W.E.B. DuBois • First African-American to receive PhD from Harvard • Immediate inclusion to mainstream America

  20. Booker T. Washington

  21. W.E.B. DuBois

  22. Fav Movies About School • #1 • #2 • #3