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NEW IMPERIALISM: MOTIVES AND TACTICS Nineteenth-Century Empires. SUPERQUIZ Section II – PART 4 13 questions – 32.5%. French Colonial Expansion. Noted advocate of French colonial expansion: French politician _____________ Born:________; died:________ He served -- as premier
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Section II – PART 4
13 questions – 32.5%
--_____ terms during the - --_______Republic
imperative of French expansion
“_________ideas, ideas of ____________ in its highest sense, and ideas of p______ and p____________”
“rich and hard working”
Jean Baptiste Say
“the true export markets are the ____________________which furnish and assure them”
Jean Baptiste Say
‘‘What is this civilization which you impose with_________________? What is it but another form of
Don’t these populations, these inferior races, have the same _______________as you?
Aren’t they masters of their own houses?
Have they called upon you?
You come to them against their will, you offer them _______________, but not civilization.’’
The FAR LEFT
“_______________races have _____________ rights over inferior races”
RIGHTS OF MAN
Ferry seeks to justify ___________ and the ________ trade
The French have no right to impose commerce on the “blacks of equatorial Africa” if they are included in the ____________________
These blacks have not called upon French for ___________________
Dec. of the Rights of Man
‘‘It is a system which consists of seeking out ____________ in the Orient with a circumspect and peaceful seclusion which is actually imposed upon us in Europe.’’
I’ll ward off any injury being inflicted on the French government “with all the force of [my] _______________”
The “peaceful shining forth of __________________” does not make countries great in this day and age.
I cannot believe that the monarchy wants to follow a policy of ______________and _____________.
France does not follow a policy of “______and _______”
Fallen monarchs wish to impose these values on France. The ____________ Party will NOT follow the examples of
__________ and the _______________
The Swiss Republic
France must be both a _______country and a ____ country. As much as possible, France must influence the destiny of ________________.
France has a duty to extend the French
______, and __________
as much as possible.____
2. According to Ferry what is French industry’s biggest need and why?
3. Summarize the quote that Ferry reads from M. Camille Pellatan and describe how Ferry responds to the quote.
4. According to Ferry, why do the French need ports in places like Madagascar and Tunisia?
2. “…that need, felt more and more strongly by the industrial population of Europe…the need for (IMPORT, EXPORT) markets. Is this some kind of (JOKE, CHIMERA)? Is this a view of the future or is it not rather a (PRESSING, PASSING) need, and, we could say, the cry of our (AGRICULTURAL, INDUSTRIAL) population?”
3. “Gentlemen, I must speaker from a (HIGHER, LOWER) and more truthful (PLANE, GROUND). It must be stated openly that, in effect, (SOME, SUPERIOR) races have (RIGHTS, ADVANTAGE) over inferior (RACES, PEOPLE).”
4. “If the declaration of the rights of (HUMANS, MAN) was written for the blacks of equatorial Africa, then by what right do you impose regular (COMMERCE, RULE) upon them?”
6. “[The Republican Party] is quite (UNAWARE, AWARE) that one cannot impose upon France a political ideal conforming to that of nations like (INDEPENDENT, COLONIAL) Belgium and the (OTTOMAN EMPIRE, SWISS REPUBLIC).”
7. “Something else is needed for France that she cannot be merely a (FREE, AVERAGE) country, that she must also be a (POWERFUL, GREAT) country, exercizing all her rightful (POWER, INFLUENCE) over the destiny of Europe, that she ought to propagate this influence throughout the (WORLD, CONTINENT) and carry everywhere that she can her (LANGUAGE, CULTURE), her customs, her (FLAG, BANNER), her arms, and her (LEGACY, GENIUS).
The EPITOME of EMPIRE
*standing up like brush bristles
Wall Street Crash
‘‘Our protection, you must understand, delivered millions of men, women and children from the nightmare of slavery and death.
~ Visitor’s Guide to the French Colonial Exhibition, 1931
a single day
The Exhibition cemented the new relationship between France and its colonies
May 6, 1931
in ____________played host
Bois de Vincennes
The floodlit façade of the temple dominated the Exhibition’s night skyline
The “__________________” of the ________ race, which, having now reached every corner of the world, has transformed, or is in the process of transforming, _______
continents into ____________regions.’’
in the Exhibition
also tied themselves to the Exhibition
Sexual passions violent urges
all served as motivating factors for French imperialists
labor for wages
Brazzaville Pointe Noire
on settler farms
North African Star
to pay taxes
Boycotted French goods
were all targets of this supposed foreign power manipulation
Moroccan Action Committee
….source of hope
December 1938 January 1939
May June 1940
World War II
May 6, 1931
Bois de Vincennes in Paris
They talked about it and anticipated it for weeks.
Escorted by a squadron of colonial cavalry in full dress.
A 100 gun salute
Brazil, Belgium, Denmark, U.S., Italy, Netherlands, Portugal
Prince LanzadiScalea, Mussolini’s Minster of Colonies
Triumphal arch & gilded statue of France a colonial genius
Mudbrick fortresses, Moorish palaces, and Tunisian marketplaces
A reconstruction of the Cambodian temple of AnkgorWat
figures of colonial troops killed in WWI
It was a success, but it’s difficult to
measure how people responded.
for a set number of days each year.
To refuse wage work was to refuse
civilization and thus be
transported to a forced labor camp.
Many workers die from disease and malnourishment.
Prolonged absence of workers meant the collapse of local
corn, peaches, olive oil, and wine
Led to a dramatic rise in population that local agriculture couldn’t
keep up with
Most Algerians had little or no land, and hunger became
All were savagely repressed.