The largest group of immigrants to come to America during the mid-1800s.
Associations of workers that fought for better wages, shorter work-days, and better working conditions.
With their huge sails and narrow hulls, these helped the United States win a large share of the world's sea trade.
This slave preacher led about 70 slaves to kill more than 60 whites in Virginia in 1831.
About 200,000 of these lived in the South in 1860 and were disliked by slave owners.
These laws controlled slaves and kept them from running away and rebelling.
1.5 million Irish immigrants immigrated to the United States because of a ______ _____.
This farming tool was light so it could be pulled by a horse and strong so that it lasted longer.
Making up only a tiny fraction of the southern population, these farmers owned at least 20 slaves.
By 1850, the production of ____ had increased to more than 2 million bales per year.
Many slaves resisted slavery by simply dragging their ____, or working slowly.
This farming tool could do the work of 5 field hands--freed men up to go work in factories.
This free black planned a slave revolt that never got started in Charleston, SC in 1822.
This man improved the sewing machine and created a company that still exists today.
This man invented the steel plow and founded an equipment company that still exists today.
In order to protest deteriorating working conditions and low pay, women workers at Lowell staged several _____.
Although slavery was banned in most northern states by the early 1800s, many free blacks there experienced _____ that denied them equal rights because of their skin color.
Became useful to find out about supply, demand, and prices of goods instantly
Between 1840 and 1860 over 4 million ______ arrived in the United States.
One danger that many free blacks faced was being ____ and sold into slavery.
These people believed that America should be preserved for native born, white citizens.
This made it possible to build factories anywhere, not just next to rivers.
Many slaves who lost their nuclear families valued their ____ ____ that included aunts, uncles, and grandparents.
Immigrants to the United States helped the economy grow by providing needed ____ for the nation's factories.
This man created the machine that caused the South to become even more dependent upon slavery.
By the middle of the 1800s, factory workers were forced to work ___ hours for lower wages.
1 million ______ immigrants arrived in the U.S. to escape punishments for failed democratic revolutions.
These are people who have learned a trade and therefore make more money than people without an acquired skill.
First laughed at and feared by the public, by the 1850s these were the fastest and cheapest way to ship goods over land.
Many Americans distrusted Irish immigrants because they were _____, while most Americans at the time were Protestant Christians.
These songs that were sung by slaves often emphasized hope in the future.
How did improvements in farming equipment (steel plow, mechanical reaper) affect life in America?
How did clipper ships help America? Why did their popularity only last a short time?
How did the growth of railroads cause a decline of farming in the New England states?
Why did unskilled workers have difficulty improving their working conditions?