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WHAT IS ART? WHAT SHOULD ART CONVEY? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WHAT IS ART? WHAT SHOULD ART CONVEY?. ART IS :. the presentation or expression of what is beautiful, appealing or of more than ordinary significance layered, complex, susceptible to many different interpretations the source of questions and ruminations, not tidy solutions. SURREALISM:.

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art is
ART IS:
  • the presentation or expression ofwhat is beautiful, appealing or of more than ordinary significance
  • layered, complex, susceptible to many different interpretations
  • the source of questions and ruminations, not tidy solutions
surrealism
SURREALISM:
  • is the imagination of the unconscious
  • is a positive expression
  • is an unification of the conscious / unconscious
  • is where dreams and fantasy are joined to the rational, everyday world in an absolute reality = surreality
surreality
SURREALITY:
  • is surprising, spontaneous, unexpected, irrational
  • Andre Breton, Paris art critic, coined the name “Manifesto of Surrealism” in the 1920’s
  • Breton admired Sigmund Freud
  • Breton trained in medicine and psychiatry
  • disdained traditional art forms
examples of surrealists
EXAMPLES OF SURREALISTS:
  • Salvador Dali
  • Maxwell Ernst
  • Rene Magritte
  • Joan Miró
  • Picasso
  • Jackson Pollock(an abstractionist who greatly admired the surrealists)
surrealism authors
SURREALISM AUTHORS:
  • authors considered surrealist
  • Jean CocteauE.E. CummingsGarcia LorcaHenry MillerAnais NinDylan ThomasWilliam Carlos Williams
realism
REALISM:
  • is an art movement from France inthe 1850’s
  • is an objective reality – true to life
  • honesty / accuracy
  • subjects in art appear as they do in everyday life
  • no embellishment
realism1
REALISM:
  • the realists rejected romanticism and neoclassicism from the late 1700’s / early 1800’s
  • painters who painted from the world around them
  • examples of realists:
  • John Singleton CopleyGustave CourbetHonore DaumierThomas EakinsJean-François MilletWilliam Sidney Mount
realism authors
REALISM AUTHORS:
  • authors considered realists
  • William DefoeHenry FieldingHamlin GarlandWilliam Dean HowellsHenry JamesSarah Orne JewettUpton SinclairMark TwainEdith WhartonWalt Whitman
impressionism
IMPRESSIONISM:
  • began in the 1860’s after the Paris World’s Fair
  • accurately, objectively recording of visual reality in terms of transient effects of color and light
  • the term comes from Monet’s painting “Impression, Sunrise”
features of impressionism
FEATURES OF IMPRESSIONISM:
  • visible brush strokes
  • unusual angles
  • light and changing light
  • considered radical in its time
  • very open composition, movement
  • unmixed color not smoothly blended
  • how the eye views the subject /not a re-creation of the subject
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examples of impressionists

  • Mary CassatPaul CezanneEdgar DegasEdouard ManetClaude MonetBerthe MorisotCamille PissarroPierre Auguste RenoirJohn Singer SargentAlfred Sisley
impressionism authors
IMPRESSIONISM AUTHORS:
  • the Romantic writers
  • William BlakeEmily BronteWilkie CollinsMary ShelleyWilliam WordsworthandJoseph ConradArthur RimbaudVirginia Woolf
abstractionism
ABSTRACTIONISM:
  • no concrete objects –at least no recognizable ones
  • morally loaded themes(rebellion, a disgust with society)
  • emphasis is on individual, spontaneity, mood, feelings, & revolt(without being an actual representation)
  • uses form / color / line to create composition existing independently of visual references to the world
why abstractionism
WHY ABSTRACTIONISM?
  • at the end of the 19th century, artists felt they needed a new kind of art to encompass changes in Science / Technology / Philosophy
  • it reflects diversity / turmoil of Western society
  • artists include:
  • Theo van DoesburgWassily KandinskyPieter Cornelius “Piet” MondrianJackson Pollock
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Composition with Yellow, Blue, and RedPiet Mondrian, 1937-42

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assignment
ASSIGNMENT
  • form groups of FOUR students
  • choose from ONE of the four genres:
  • birthday partycafeteriasporting eventwedding
  • illustrate your choice in each of the FOUR genres:
  • surrealismrealismimpressionismabstractionism
  • your group will have FOUR total illustrations