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IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency – A New Paradigm Shift of Sustainable Energy for People Mika Ohbayashi, IRENA. 1. A New Energy Paradigm - urgency of environment.

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IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency – A New Paradigm Shift of Sustainable Energy for PeopleMika Ohbayashi, IRENA

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1. A New Energy Paradigm - urgency of environment

Two possible futures: One in which no climate policies are implemented (red), and one with strong action to mitigate emissions (blue).

Shown are fossil CO2 emissions (top panel) and corresponding global warming (bottom panel).

The shown mitigation pathway limits fossil and land-use related CO2 emissions to 1000 billion tonnes CO2 over the first half of the 21st century with near-zero net emissions thereafter. Greenhouse gas emissions of this pathway in year 2050 are ~70% below 1990 levels.

Without climate policies, global warming will cross 2°C by the middle of the century. Strong mitigation actions according to the blue route would limit the risk of exceeding 2°C to 25%.

Meinshausen, M., N. Meinshausen, W. Hare, S. C. B. Raper, K. Frieler, R. Knutti, D. J. Frame and M. R. Allen (2009). "Greenhouse-gas emission targets for limiting global warming to 2°C." Nature 458(7242)

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2 - A New Energy Paradigm - shift in potentials

Mobilize the huge potential of renewable energies

Current global primary energy consumption (GPEC)

Solar radiation (continents) 1800 · GPEC

Wind energy 200 · GPEC

Biomass 20 · GPEC

Geothermal energy 10 · GPEC

Ocean and wave energy 2 · GPEC

Hydro energy 1 · GPEC

Source: Nitsch, F.: Technologische und energiewirtschaftliche Perspektiven erneuerbarer Energien. German Aerospace Center. 2007.

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3 irena what is it
3. IRENA- What is it?

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Foundation: 26 January 2009 in Bonn (75 states signed the Statute of IRENA)

Members: 144and the EU (as of today)

Director-General: Hélène Pelosse

Headquarters: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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3. IRENA- What is it? - the first year of operations

  • January 2009: Foundation
  • June 2009: Election of Interim DG and location of HQ (Abu Dhabi)
  • January 2010: First one-year work programme and budget of nearly 14 Mio USD approved
  • 50 staff in 2010 (35 from 17 countries as of June)
  • Mid-term: Up to 250 staff
  • As of the 11th June, 25 countries have ratified the IRENA Statute. The statute will enter into force July 8, 2010 and the Agency will then become a fully-fledged international organization.

25 ratified countries; Armenia, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Georgia, Germany, Iceland, India, Israel, Kenya, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Mongolia, Montenegro, Norway, Palau, Poland, Republic of Korea, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Tonga, United Arab Emirates.

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4 irena enabling environment
4. IRENA - Enabling Environment
  • Success Depends on Four Factors:
    • Political willingness (awareness)
    • Current system is unsustainable, Potential is huge and enough, Technology is available, Sun and wind are free
    • Policy

Identification of institutional options and best practices, Advice in the design of support mechanisms, Assessment of policies in all application field (RE in electricity, transport, heating & cooling)

    • Finance
    • Substantial, appropriate support for RE projects, Assessment of successful example including micro finance
    • Training

Needs for bridging gaps- where renewables are, where we need finance and technology

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Interim Director-General

ASG

Press & Public Relations

Support Services

Deputy Director-General

Knowledge Management, Innovation & Technology

Programmes , Capacity Building & Outreach

  • Knowledge Management

Innovation & Technology

Programmes

Capacity Building

Outreach

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Knowledge Management, Innovation & Technology (I)

  • Knowledge Management
  • 5.1 Draft an overall strategy for KM
  • 4.4 Establish structures for cooperation

5.2 Review of existing RE data

4.2 Stocktaking IRENA stakeholders

4.3 Stocktaking RE experts

5.2 Review of existing RE data

5.3 Build up a policy database

6.1 R&D Stakeholders

RE Statistics

North America

LAC

MENA

Sub-SaharaAfrica

Europe

Asia/Oceania

5 irena will support the transition to this new energy paradigm
5. IRENA WILL SUPPORT THE TRANSITION TO THIS NEW ENERGY PARADIGM

Knowledge Management (science/technology/policy)

  • Intelligent and flexible system requirements
  • Energy storage and coupling sources
  • Shift from base load to flexible energy production

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Background

  • Report on the IRENA Workshop on Knowledge Management on 16 October 2009, in Berlin:
  • If IRENA relies on national information and has difficulties obtaining them, it could deem useful to open a multi-stakeholder input system.
  • Work Program 2010:
  • Stocktaking RE experts worldwide and building up a network of stakeholders
  • This database aims to build up a network of RE experts which in future could be used on specific IRENA programmes. The database will be created and updated by experts them-selves and will cover at least the government and private sector, universities and R&D institutes. This work will build on the actors’ catalogues of REEEP/REN21 and other organisations and networks.

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background
Background

Stocktaking successful business/policy models to scale up RE

IRENA will gather, assess, systemise, and disseminate business models of social entrepreneurs that make it possible to adjust their financing flows through innovative financing models to the ability to pay of marginalised population groups with very specific energy needs.

IRENA proposes a dynamic online stocktaking exercise with automated tools that help prospective entrepreneurs develop their own business cases for their own target groups and specific applications.

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5 irena will support the transition to this new energy paradigm14
5. IRENA WILL SUPPORT THE TRANSITION TO THIS NEW ENERGY PARADIGM

Financing

  • Cooperation with Abu Dhabi Fund for Development
  • Scholarship with UAEG for Masdar Institute
  • Stocktaking all instruments and mechanisms of finance
  • Stocktaking successful business models to scale up RE
  • Financial and implementation advice for rural electrification using renewable energy
  • Financing advice

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5 irena will support the transition to this new energy paradigm15
5. IRENA WILL SUPPORT THE TRANSITION TO THIS NEW ENERGY PARADIGM
  • Training - (Capacity Building)
      • Capacity building needs analysis and strategy development
      • Advise governments on national capacity building strategies
      • Overview of existing virtual university and educational programmes for renewables: e learning platform

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background16
Background

Advice to Member States: pilot projects and the subsequent development of systematic advisory approaches

According to the Statute, IRENA will deliver policy advice to Member States upon request. Cooperation with Tonga started in 2009, and will be continued in 2010. In addition, other countries can request policy advice from IRENA.

IRENA will provide expertise and advice on the off-grid component of the Tonga Energy Roadmap, focusing on the electrification of small outer islands. These pilot projects will be reviewed to improve the framework for implementation of future projects, define the scope of what policy advice should include and commence the process of developing a toolkit that can be used when providing policy advice to member countries.

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current status
Current status
  • Ongoing development of database on training activities
  • Fellowship program IRENA-MIST launched

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Fellowship for Masdar Institute of Technology (MIST)

  • - A whole package of support for studies - including all tuition fees, laptops, medical insurance, housing, travel expenses, and a cost of living allowance.
  • IRENA will chose students for Scholarshp on an annual basis.
  • The application deadline for 2010 IRENA-MIST Scholarships is 15 June, 2010.
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6. IRENA - Bridge the Gap

Source: B. Dessus & UNESCO’s Summer School of rural electrification

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7 irena will build up relationships and enhancing networks with the international community
7. IRENA will build up relationships and enhancing networks with the international community
  • Global challenges demand global solutions. Cooperation at all levels is necessary to push technological boundaries.
  • Many other organizations, institutions and networks share IRENA's aim of promoting the use of renewable energy, operating in different ways, on different levels (local, regional, global) and from different perspectives.
  • The industry has an insight into finance, development, production and operation of renewable energy technologies and projects. Moreover, it is crucial for IRENA to have a clear understanding of how industry operates and understand its perspective on renewable energy.
  • NGOs are important opinion builders. Actors from science are important knowledge holders and motor for innovation, which is essential as IRENA requires a solid scientific basis for its work.

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irena future cooperation with the various stakeholders
IRENA- future cooperation with the various stakeholders
  • Working Groups as backbone of IRENA’s
  • Dedicated to specific, well-defined topics
  • With a clear mandate and a predetermined duration
  • Reflecting in their totality the variety of IRENA’s membership
  • Chair might be a member’s representative or an external expert
  • Adherence to rules of good governance: meeting calendar, agenda, follow-up notes

The IRENA Governance rules are still under consideration by our Member States and will apply, when defined, to any kind of cooperation.

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www.irena.org

Thank you!

Using Renewable Energy in Combating Desertification

Environment Agency- Abu Dhabi and Ministry of Environment and Water

30 May 2010, Abu Dhabi, UAE

PREPARATORY COMMISSION FOR

INTERNATIONAL

RENEWABLE

ENERGY AGENCY

IRENA

Thank you for your attention! We have just moved !IRENAC 67 Office Building, Khalidiyah (32nd) Street  P.O. Box 236 Abu DhabiUnited Arab Emirateswww.irena.org