Food for Free(Plants) What to eat & what to not!
What you need to do • You will see pictures of 10 plants • In pairs I want you to decide: • What the plant is • If it is edible or poisonous • If it is edible how you would eat it • The answers are at the end
Dandelion • Edible • Eat leaves in salad • Fry & then stew the root • Make coffee from the root
Stinging Nettle • Young leaves are edible • Can be cooked to make stinging nettle soup, pesto, puree or even haggis!
Bilberry • Edible berries • Grow low to ground • Eat raw • Cook to make bilberry pie or pudding • Add mint & make into jam
Cowberry • Berries edible but bitter • Grow low to ground • Add apple & make into jelly or jam
Lords & Ladies • Berries are POISONOUS • They irritate the skin & cause swelling in the mouth, throat & stomach if eaten, resulting in pain, stomach upset & can cause difficulty in breathing
Sweet Chestnut • Edible • Roast over a fire • Boil & then puree and eat like potato • Dry & grind into flour
Horse Chestnut • POISONOUS • These nuts will cause stomach upset in small doses and can cause paralysis or worse in large doses!
Puffball Mushroom • Edible when young & flesh is pure white • Fry in breadcrumbs • Hollow out & stuff with mixture of puffball, mince & rice
Death Cap Mushroom • POISONOUS • Will cause liver failure & death WILL occur about 6 days after eating!!!
Horse Mushroom • Edible • If still dome shaped stuff with whole tomato & cook • If flat grill like a steak • Or chop and use in other dishes Warning can be easily confused with the yellow stainer mushroom below – The yellow stainer is poisonous and will give you an upset stomach
Warnings • As you have seen it isn’t always easy to know if a plant is edible or poisonous – especially when it comes to mushrooms • Don’t eat wild foods unless you are absolutely sure they are edible (I am sure you can all safely identify & eat a blackberry!) • If you want to eat wild mushrooms go mushroom picking with an expert (there are many courses around) to make sure you pick the right ones!