Training Package TP 01/04 Oxygen Deficiency. Disclaimer
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Reproduced with permission from European Industrial Gases Association. All rights reserved.
Asia Industrial Gases Association
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A SERIOUS HAZARD
It's a phenomenon
2 BREATHS WITHOUT OXYGEN
ENDANGER YOUR LIFE
3 DAYS WITHOUT DRINK
3 MINUTES WITHOUT BREATHING
the blood suddenly loses its oxygen
SUDDEN O2 DEFICIENCY
WITH 0% OXYGEN, THE SECOND BREATH WILL CAUSE
LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS WITHOUT WARNING
WITHIN A FEW MINUTES,
BRAIN DAMAGE MAY BE IRREVERSIBLE
Oxygen content is decreasing in blood
O2 content less than 18%
These symptoms are similar to those of general malaise and are not recognised as asphyxiation by the victim (inert gases are odourless, colourless, tasteless)
The victim tries to overcome this by himself
THE VICTIM DOES NOT CALL FOR HELP
OVER A CERTAIN THRESHOLD, THE VICTIM CAN'T REACT :
THE LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS IS SUDDEN
THE VICTIM NEVER REALISES THE RISK
With less than 6% of oxygen :
immediate loss of consciousness
and BRAIN PROCESSES
is a phenomenon ...
IN ALL THE CONFINED SPACES
O2 deficient atmospheres can arisealso in normal working areas,when gases are stored or used
Be aware of the risk,
Always implement a safe system of work before allowing people to enter into a confined space
Make operators aware of the risk
Implement a procedure to authorise the access
Warn people of the danger, place signs at entrances to areas where O2 deficiency may arise
Develop and apply safety measures
Develop and apply appropriate safety measures
Always monitor the oxygen content
OF THE DANGER
TO ALERT THE OPERATORS
Inform about the risk
Train in the method to detect the danger
Rescuers must be trained in and follow established emergency procedures and use appropriate equipment and techniques Rescue should be well planned and drills should be conducted frequently on emergency procedures
Remember : an unplanned rescue will probably be your last
KEY WORD :
When you design a gas installation
When you install and commission a gas installation
When you work on a gas installation
Before acting in an emergency or abnormal event
Before reacting to any accident or incident
INFORM users : Safety data sheets,
NEVER IMPROVISE REPAIRS on installations
Before entering : assess risks and consequences to yourself and other
BEFORE AN ACCIDENT,
THINK ABOUT :
DON'T RUSH ... THINK !