Module 5.1. Mitigation Methods and Tools in the Energy Sector. Purpose of this Module. To introduce different approaches for GHG mitigation assessment in the energy sector. To review the benefits and drawbacks of different approaches.
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Mitigation Methods and Tools in the Energy Sector
a) Approaches for Energy Sector Mitigation Modeling
Use aggregated economic data
Assess costs/benefits through impact on output, income, GDP
Implicitly capture administrative, implementation and other costs.
Typically assume efficient markets, and no “efficiency gap”
Capture intersectoral feedbacks and interactions
Commonly used to assess impact of carbon taxes and fiscal policies
Less suitable for examining technology-specific policies.
Use detailed data on fuels, technologies and policies
Assess costs/benefits of individual technologies and policies
Can explicitly include administration and program costs
Don’t assume efficient markets, overcoming market barriers can offer cost-effective energy savings
Capture interactions among projects and policies
Commonly used to assess costs and benefits of projects and programsApproaches for Energy Sector Mitigation Assessment
Types of Bottom-Up Models
Review of Modeling Tools
Tools must be:
LEAP: Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System
Existing (80%, 400 kWh/yr)
Efficient (20%, 300kWh/yr)
Non-Electrified(80%)A Simple Demand Data Structure
Peak Load Plants
Intermediate Load Plants
Percent of Peak Load
Capacity (MW) * MCF
Hours Sorted from Highest to Lowest DemandLoad-Duration Curve and System Dispatch in LEAP
NB: data requirements vary greatly depending on type of analysis.