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g uide to Lakoff. Ben F ranks’. www.pie-magazine.net. g uide to Lakoff. She later gained international acclaim by publishing her findings which defined “ 10 ways” women differ in speech from men in a book entitled, Language & Woman's Place.

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g uide to lakoff

guide to Lakoff

Ben Franks’

www.pie-magazine.net

g uide to lakoff1

guide to Lakoff

She later gained international acclaim by publishing her findings which defined “10 ways” women differ in speech from men in a book entitled, Language & Woman's Place

Professor Robin Lakoff, born 1942, is known for her 1973 research on gender sociolinguistics.

www.pie-magazine.net

lakoff findings 1973

Found that there were ten notable ways where the speech of a woman differs from that of a man.

Lakoff: Findings 1973

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1. Hedges – Phrases such as “sort of”, “kind of”, “seems like”.

Lakoff: Findings 1973

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2. Use of Empty Adjectives – divine, adorable, gorgeous, etc.

Lakoff: Findings 1973

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3. (Super-)Polite forms – “Would you mind?”,

“if its not too much to ask”,

“is it okay if”

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4. Apologise more– Women have a tendency to apologise more often, i.e. “Sorry, but I think that”

Lakoff: Findings 1973

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5. Speak Less Frequently– In mixed-sex conversation, females will likely speak less than males.

Lakoff: Findings 1973

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6. Avoid Coarse Language or expletives – Women less likely to swear or use “rude” language.

Lakoff: Findings 1973

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7. Tag Questions – "You don't mind eating this, do you?”

It is made up of an AUXILIARY verb and a PRONOUN.

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8. Indirect Requests– “Aww, I am really thirsty” – actually a request for a drink.

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9. Hypercorrection– Women were found to hypercorrect (overly-correct) their grammar and use a high prestige of pronunciation, with very clear articulation.

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10. “Speak in Italics”– Women placed emphasis on certain words, particularly modifiers, such as very, quite and so.

Lakoff: Findings 1973

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guide to Lakoff

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