nomen mihi est latin 2 spring semester exam review may 2011 stages 18 21 n.
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nomen mihi est _________ Latin 2 Spring Semester Exam Review May 2011 Stages 18-21. 1. Name the parts of speech and define each. Noun – names of things Pronoun – takes the place of a noun Adjective – defines a noun or pronoun Adverb – describes the action of a verb

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1 name the parts of speech and define each

1. Name the parts of speech and define each.

Noun – names of things

Pronoun – takes the place of a noun

Adjective – defines a noun or pronoun

Adverb – describes the action of a verb

Verb – shows action or state of being

Preposition – expresses relationship between 2 nouns

Conjunction – joins two sentences or phrases

Interjection – an exclamation

2 name the 5 noun cases and the uses of each
2. Name the 5 noun cases and the uses of each
  • Nominative - subject, PN, PA
  • Genitive - shows possession
  • Dative - indirect object
  • Accusative - direct object
  • Ablative - special uses
3 how do you find the stem of a latin noun
3. How do you find the stem of a Latin noun?

Drop the

GENITIVE SINGULARending

4 how do you tell the declension to which a noun belongs
4. How do you tell the declension to which a noun belongs?
  • Look at the
  • GENITIVE SINGULAR
  • 1st = ae
  • 2nd = i
  • 3rd = is
slide6

5. What are the 1st declension noun endings? puella puellaepuellae puellarumpuellae puellispuellam puellaspuella puellis

6 what are the 2nd declension noun endings

6. What are the 2nd declension noun endings?

amicus(puer,vir) amici

amici amicorum

amico amicis

amicum amicos

amico amicis

7 what are the 3rd declension noun endings

7. What are the 3rd declension noun endings?

mater matres

matris matrum

matri matribus

matrem matres

matre matribus

slide9

8. Pay special attention to:dative indirect object Quintus rosam Metellae dedit.dative of advantage Metella Felici togam invenit.dative object of special verbsCaecilius Holconio favit.

9 in what ways do latin nouns and the adjectives which modify them agree
9. In what ways do Latin nouns and the adjectives which modify them agree?
  • Adjectives and the nouns they modify always agree in gender, number, and case.
  • The endings may not have the same spelling, but they are from the same gender, number and case locations on the endings charts.
10 what are the singular 1st and 2nd declension adjective endings

10. What are the singular 1st and 2nd declension adjective endings?

singular

masculine feminine neuter

malus mala malum

mali malae mali

malo malae malo

malum malam malum

malo mala malo

11 what are the plural 1st and 2nd declension adjective endings

11. What are the Plural 1st and 2nd declension adjective endings?

plural

masculine feminine neuter

mali malae mala

malorum malarum malorum

malis malis malis

malos malas mala

malis malis malis

12 decline a 3 rd declension adjective

12. Decline a 3rd Declension Adjective

singular

celer celeris celere

celeris celeris celeris

celeri celeri celeri

celerem celerem celere

celeri celeri celeri

12 decline a 3 rd declension adjective1

12. Decline a 3rd Declension Adjective

plural

celeres celeres celeria

celerium celerium celerium

celeribus celeribus celeribus

celeres celeres celeria

celeribus celeribus celeribus

13 what are the 3 degrees of adjectives and adverbs
13. What are the 3 degrees of adjectives [and adverbs]?
  • positive happy
  • comparative happier
  • superlative happiest
14 give an example and translation of a regular adjective in the 3 degrees
14. Give an example and translation of a regular adjective in the 3 degrees.

clarus,-a,-um clear

clarior, clarius clearer

clarissimus,-a,-um (1st & 2nd Declension)clearest

15 give an example and translation of a regular adjective in the 3 degrees
15. Give an example and translation of a regular adjective in the 3 degrees.

celer, celeris, celere swift

celerior, celerius swifter

celerrimus,-a,-um (3rd Declension)swiftest

16 how is a 1st 2nd declension adjective made into an adverb
16. How is a 1st & 2nd declension adjective made into an adverb?
  • find the stem and add “e”
  • clarus: clare
  • pulcher: pulchre
17 give examples of irregular adjectives in the comparative and superlative degrees

17. Give examples of irregular adjectives in the comparative and superlative degrees.

bonus melior optimus

good better best

malus peior pessimus

bad worse worst

magnus maior maximus

great, large greater, larger greatest, largest

parvus peius minimus

small smaller smallest

18 how is a 3rd declension adjective made into an adverb
18. How is a 3rd declension adjective made into an adverb?
  • find the stem and add “ter” or “iter”
  • celer: celeriter
  • acer: acriter
19 give an example and translation of a regular adverb in the 3 degrees
19. Give an example and translation of a regular adverb in the 3 degrees.

clare clearly

clarius more clearly

clarissime most clearly

20 irregular adverb in the 3 degrees positive degree ends in r
20. Irregular adverb in the 3 degrees.(positive degree ends in “r”)

celeriter swiftly

celerius more swiftly

celerrime most swiftly

21 irregular adverb in the 3 degrees stem changes
21. Irregular adverb in the 3 degrees.(stem changes)

magne greatly

maius more greatly

maxime very greatly

slide24

22. Write the principal parts of porto, name the principal parts, find and name the stems, and show which tenses can be formed onto each stem.

present present perfect perf. pass

indicative infinitive indicative participle

porto portareportaviportatus

present perfect

imperfect

23 how do you recognize the conjugation to which a verb belongs

23. How do you recognize the conjugation to which a verb belongs?

Conjugation 1st Prin. Pt 2nd Prin. Pt

1st o are

2nd eo ēre

3rd o ere

3rd io io ere

4th io ire-

24 write the principal parts of the following verbs porto video duco capio audio
24. Write the principal parts of the following verbs:porto, video, duco, capio, audio

porto portare portavi portatum

video videre vidi visum

duco ducere duxi ductum

capio capere cepi captum

audio audire audivi auditum

(see next 4 slides for close-ups)

present indicative column 1
present indicative (column 1)

porto

video

duco

capio

audio

present infinitive column 2
present infinitive (column 2)

portare

videre

ducere

capere

audire

perfect indicative column 3
perfect indicative (column 3)

portavi

vidi

duxi

cepi

audivi

perfect passive participle column 4
perfect passive participle(column 4)

portatus,-a,-um

visus,-a,-um

ductus,-a,-um

captus,-a,-um

auditus,-a,-um

slide31
(Review of last 4 slides)25. Write the principal parts of the following verbs:porto, video, duco, capio, audio

porto portare portavi portatum

video videre vidi visum

duco ducere duxi ductum

capio capere cepi captum

audio audire audivi auditum

26 how do you recognize the present tense
26. How do you recognize the present tense?
  • verb looks more like the 1st principal part
  • present stem + regular personal endings
27 write the regular active personal endings
27. Write the regular active personal endings

o,m- I mus - WE

s - YOU tis - Y’ALL

t - HE, she,itnt - THEY

28 what do you have to remember about the agreement between verbs and their subjects

28. What do you have to remember about the agreement between verbs and their subjects?

A verb and its subject agree in person and number

30 conjugate the following verbs in the present tense porto video duco capio audio
30. Conjugate the following verbs in the present tense: porto, video, duco, capio, audio

singular plural

1st person

2nd person

3rd person

See following slides for conjugations

porto i carry 1 st conjugation
porto I carry 1st Conjugation

porto portamus

portas portatis

portat portant

video i see 2 nd conjugation
video I see 2nd Conjugation

video videmus

vides videtis

videt vident

duco i lead 3 rd conjugation
duco I lead 3rd Conjugation

duco ducimus

ducis ducitis

ducit ducunt

capio i take 3 rd io conjugation
capio I take 3rd io Conjugation

capio capimus

capis capitis

capit capiunt

audio i hear 4 th conjugation
audio I hear 4th Conjugation

audio audimus

audis auditis

audit audiunt

31 give the principal parts of the irregular verbs sum possum volo eo and fero
31.Give the principal parts of the irregular verbs: sum, possum, volo, eo, and fero.

sum, esse, fui -

possum, posse, potui -

volo, velle, volui -

eo, ire, ii(ivi), itum

fero, ferre, tuli, latum

32 conjugate the irregular verbs in the present tense sum possum volo eo fero
32. Conjugate the irregular verbs in the present tense. sum possum volo eo fero

See the following slides

sum i am
sum I am

sum sumus

es estis

est sunt

possum i am able
possum I am able

possum possumus

potes potestis

potest possunt

volo i wish
volo I wish

volo volumus

vis vultis

vult volunt

eo i go
eo I go

eo imus

is itis

it eunt

fero i bear bring

fero I bear, bring

fero ferimus

fers fertis

fert ferunt

33 how do you recognize the imperfect tense
33. How do you recognize the imperfect tense?

“ba”

just before the ending

(=present stem + “ba” + personal endings)

34 how do you translate the imperfect tense porta ba m
34. How do you translate the imperfect tense (portabam)?

I was carrying

I used to carry

I kept on carrying

35 give examples of imperfect tense verbs
35. Give examples of imperfect tense verbs.
  • ambulabam
  • portabamus
  • videbat
  • ducebant
  • capiebas
  • audiebatis
36 conjugate sum in the imperfect tense
36. Conjugate sum in the imperfect tense.

eram - I was eramus - we were

eras - you were eratis - y’all were

erat - he was erant - they were

37 how do you recognize the perfect tense
37. How do you recognize the perfect tense?
  • perfect stem
  • any one of the perfect endings
38 write the perfect personal endings
38. Write the perfect personal endings.

i -I imus - we

isti -you istis-y’all

it-he,she,it erunt -they

slide56

39a. Give the perfect tense forms of several regular and irregular verbs. Use the third person singular.

porto --- portavit

video ---vidit

duco --- duxit

capio ---cepit

audio --- audivit

sum --- fuit

possum --- potuit

volo --- voluit

eo --- iit (ivit)

fero --- tulit

40 what is an infinitive

40. What is an infinitive?

It is a verbal that is translated using

“to” plus the verb meaning

The infinitive in Latin can be used to complete the meaning of a verb; it can be the subject or object of a verb.

ambulare amo.

ambulare possum.

ambulare est bonum.

41 what is a preposition
41. What is a preposition?

A preposition indicates the relative position between its object and another noun in the sentence.

43 list several prepositions and give their meanings and the case each governs
43. List several prepositions and give their meanings and the case each governs.
  • + the Accusative:
  • ad - toward
  • trans - across
  • post - behind
  • ante - in front of
44 list several prepositions and give their meanings and the case each governs
44. List several prepositions and give their meanings and the case each governs.
  • + the Ablative:
  • ab - away from
  • e,ex - out of
  • cum - with
45 distinguish between in the ablative case and in the accusative case
45. Distinguish between in + the ablative case and in + the accusative case
  • + the Ablative & Accusative:

at rest motion

  • in -ininto
  • sub - underup under
46 decline the personal pronoun in 1st 2nd 3rd person give the english meaning of each latin word
46. Decline the personal pronoun in 1st, 2nd, 3rd person. Give the English meaning of each Latin word.
  • see next slides
47 decline the personal pronoun in 1st 2nd 3rd person give the english meaning of each latin word
47. Decline the personal pronoun in 1st, 2nd, 3rd person. Give the English meaning of each Latin word.

singular plural

nom. ego - I nos - we

gen. mei - of me nostrum, nostri - of us

dat. mihi - to/for me nobis - to/for us

acc. me - me nos - us

abl. me - by/with me nobis - by/with us

48 the personal pronoun in 2nd person
48. the personal pronoun in 2ndperson..

singular plural

nom. tu - you vos - you

gen. tui - of you vestrum, vestri - of you

dat. tibi - to/for you vobis - to/for you

acc. te - you vos - you

abl. te - by/with you vobis - by/with you

49 3rd person personal pronoun

49. 3rd person personal pronoun

singular

is ea id

eius eius eius

ei ei ei

eum eam id

eo ea eo

49 3rd person personal pronoun1

….49. 3rd person personal pronoun

plural

ei eae ea

eorum earum eorum

eis eis eis

eos eas ea

eis eis eis

50 know the indeclinables que et sed autem tamen postquam ne num nonne etc
50. Know the “indeclinables”: -que, et, sed, autem, tamen, postquam, -ne, num, nonne…etc
  • -que - and
  • et - and
  • sed- but
  • autem - however
  • tamen - nevertheless
50 know the indeclinables que et sed autem tamen postquam ne num nonne etc1
…50. Know the “indeclinables”: -que, et, sed, autem, tamen, postquam, -ne, num, nonne…etc
  • postquam - afterwards, after
  • -ne =a ?-mark
  • num - expects a “no” answer
  • nonne - expects a “yes” answer
  • igitur - therefore
51 know the words quis quid ubi quo unde quando quot cui quocum cur etc
51. Know the “?-words”. quis, quid, ubi, quo, unde, quando, quot, cui, quocum, cur, etc...
  • quis - who quot - how many
  • quid - what cui - to whom
  • ubi - where, when cur - why
  • quo - to where quando - when
  • unde- from where
  • quocum - with whom
52 be able to recognize and translate the vocative case noun
52. Be able to recognize and translate the vocative case noun.
  • Marcus: Marce
  • filius: fili
  • Caecilius: Caecili
  • meus: mi
53 be able to recognize and translate the imperative mood verb
53. Be able to recognize and translate the imperative mood verb.
  • voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum
  • voca! call!
  • vocate! you all call!
slide73

(54. Negative Commands)nolo in the imperative mood+ infinitive of the action= do not wish (to____)Singular: noli dicere Plural: nolite dicere

55 state the overriding rule of neuter nouns

55. State the “overriding” rule of neuter nouns.

Neuter nouns always have the same spelling in the nominative and accusative cases.

Neuter nouns always end in “-a” in the nominative and accusative plurals.

56 how can you recognize a neuter noun in the 2 nd declension

56. How can you recognize a neuter noun in the 2nd declension?

In the second declension, nouns that end in “-um” in the nominative singular are neuter.

57 decline a 4 th declension noun masculine

57. Decline a 4th Declension NounMasculine

portus portūs

portūs portuum

portuī portibus

portum portūs

portū portibus

57 decline a 4 th declension noun neuter

…57. Decline a 4th Declension NounNeuter

cornu cornua

cornūs cornuum

cornū cornibus

cornū cornua

cornū cornibus

58 what are some fine points to remember about the 4 th declension nouns

58. What are some fine points to remember about the 4th Declension Nouns?

Most –us 4th declension nouns are masculine, except for feminine nouns domus and manus.

Most masculine nouns in 4th declension are made from the fourth principal parts of verbs.

4th declension nouns ending in -u in the nominative are neuter.

59 decline a 5 th declension noun

59. Decline a 5th Declension Noun

diēs diēs

diēi diērum

diēi diēbus

diem diēs

diē diēbus

60 what are some fine points to remember about 5 th declension nouns

60. What are some fine points to remember about 5th declension nouns?

All 5th declension nouns are feminine except for dies and its compounds

There are no neuter nouns in the 5th declension.

There are no adjectives in the 5th declension.

61 decline hic and give the english

61. Decline hic, and give the English

hic haec hoc hi hae haec

huius huius huius horum harum horum

huic huic huic his his his

hunc hanc hoc hos has haec

hoc hāc hoc his his his

This

62 decline ille and give the english

62. Decline ille, and give the English

ille illa illud illi illae illa

illius illius illius illorum illarum illorum

illi illi illi illis illis illis

illum illam illud illos illas illa

illo illā illo illis illis illis

That

63 what is a participle

63. What is a participle?

*A participle is an adjective made from a verb, retaining attributes of both.

*As a verb, it has tense & voice; it may take an object, and it may be

modified by adverbs.

*As an adjective, it has gender, number and case, even degree, and it modifies a noun or substantive.

64 how do you recognize the present active participle what are the possible translations

64. How do you recognize the Present Active Participle?What are the possible translations?

Present stem of the verb with “-ns” or “-nt” + 3rd declension endings

portans – nominative

portantem – accusative, as with other cases

carrying, while carrying

65 decline the present active participle of the verb porto

65. Decline the present active participle of the verb porto.

(neuter)

portans portantes (portantia)

portantis portantium

portanti portantibus

portantem portantes (portantia)

portante portantibus

66 how do you recognize the perfect passive participle how do you translate it

66. How do you recognize the Perfect Passive Participle? How do you translate it?

The perfect passive participle is the 4th principal part of a verb. There are no special signals for this one. 1st & 2nd declension endings are used.

(Deponent verbs do not have a perfect passive participle – they have a perfect Active participle, which is their third and last principal part.)

portatus – having been carried

slide88

67. Please gather up your old vocabulary pages and worksheet pages. Study the meanings of the Latin words and the English words derived from them.

slide89
68. Make a list of the characters you have met since stage 18 through stage 21 and write few notes about each.
slide91
70. Study the culture topics: GlassmakingEgyptEgyptian goddess IsisMedicine and ScienceAquae SulisRoman MoneyGreek Vases