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Justice. John Stuart Mill. John Stuart Mill. British Philosopher 1806 – 1873 Most Famous Works: Utiliarianism deals with ethics. On Liberty deals with political philosophy. Broadened View of Happiness. Pleasures of sensation Pleasures of feeling and imagination

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    1. Justice John Stuart Mill

    2. John Stuart Mill British Philosopher 1806 – 1873 Most Famous Works: Utiliarianismdeals with ethics. On Liberty deals with political philosophy

    3. Broadened View of Happiness • Pleasures of sensation • Pleasures of feeling and imagination • Pleasures of moral sentiment • Pleasures of the intellect

    4. Higher and Lower Pleasures • Need to look not just at the quantity of pleasure but also at the quality. • “It is better to be a human dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied that a fool satisfied.” p. 19

    5. Quality Test “Of two pleasures, if there be one to which all or almost all who have experience of both give a decided preference, irrespective of any feeling of moral obligation to prefer it, that is the more desirable pleasure.” p. 18

    6. Mill’s Two Basic Principles • Greatest Happiness Principle: “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as the tend to produce the reverse of happiness.” Utilitarianism • Harm Principle: “The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others” On Liberty

    7. How are the two principles related? • Mill’s Basic claim: The harm principle tends to maximize the greatest happiness for the greatest number.

    8. Basic Liberties according to Mill • Freedom of Conscience • Freedom of Speech and Thought • Freedom of Assembly