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OSHA Universal Precautions Refresher Training. Environmental Health and Safety Biosafety Tufts University School of Medicine Posner Hall 200 Harrison Avenue. Universal Precautions. Approach to Infection Control

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Osha universal precautions refresher training

OSHAUniversal PrecautionsRefresher Training

Environmental Health and Safety

Biosafety

Tufts University School of Medicine

Posner Hall

200 Harrison Avenue


Universal precautions
Universal Precautions

  • Approach to Infection Control

  • All human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens


Bloodborne pathogens
Bloodborne Pathogens

Carried, replicated, and/or transmitted in blood or blood products

Capable of causing disease.

All human blood and other potentially infectious material (OPIM) should be considered infectious infectious.


Primary categories of protection
Primary Categories of Protection

  • Engineering Controls

  • Work Place Practices

  • Personal Protective Equipment


Compliance
Compliance

  • Goal is to prevent contact with blood or other potentially infectious material.

  • All bodily fluids should be considered infectious.


Engineering controls
Engineering Controls

  • Isolate or Remove the Hazard:

    • Sharps disposal containers

    • Self-sheathing needles

    • Sharps with sharp injury protection

    • Needleless systems

    • Hand washing sinks readily available

      • Alternative:

        • Appropriate antiseptic hand cleaner/towlettes

        • Nearby sink for hand washing


Work practice controls
Work Practice Controls

Wash hands immediately or as soon as feasible after removing gloves or other Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).


Work practice controls1
Work Practice Controls

  • Sharps should not be bent, recapped, sheared or broken.

    • Unless employer demonstrates no feasible alternative

    • Must be accomplished through the use of a mechanical device or one handed technique


Needle safety
Needle Safety

Prohibited: bending, shearing, breaking

separation of needles and syringes

Alternative Work Practice Controls

one handed technique

needle recapping devices


Work practice controls2
Work Practice Controls

  • Sharps Disposal

    • Immediately after use

    • Disposed of in appropriate sharps containers:

      • Puncture resistant

      • Leak proof

      • Labeled with the Universal Biohazard Symbol



Sharps containers
Sharps Containers

Needles and syringes:

Do not recap

Place in sharps container after use

Contaminated glass

Contaminated plastic pipets or pipet tips

Razor blades, scalpels

Broken glass

Put in Enviroclean box when 2/3 full




Work practice controls3
Work Practice Controls

  • No eating, drinking, applying cosmetics, handling contacts

  • No storage of food/drink for human consumption in same areas as storage for human specimens


Work practice controls4
Work Practice Controls

Minimize procedures that create aerosols, splashing, spraying, droplets

Specimens for transport must be in sealed, secondary containment, labeled with the Universal Biohazard Symbol or other facility recognized Biohazard Transport container


Personal protection equipment ppe
Personal Protection EquipmentPPE

Cover all areas of your body to prevent contact with potentially contaminated blood or body fluids.

Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Lab Coat / Disposable Gown

Safety Glasses

Face Shield

Gloves

Disposable Booties

Surgical Mask versus N-95 Respirator

All contaminated PPE must be removed prior to leaving work area!!


Universal precautions review certification
Universal Precautions ReviewCertification

This is a required component of your application to the TUSM Visiting Student Program.

I certify that I have reviewed the TUSM OSHA Universal Precautions Guidelines.

Printed Name:_____________________________________

Signature:_______________________________________Date:____________

Print ONLY this page of this document and mail along with your application and other supporting materials to:

TUSM Visiting Student Program

Registrar’s Office

145 Harrison Ave.

Boston, MA 02111