harry s margolis esq margolis bloom llp boston dedham framingham woburn www elderlawanswers com n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
2010 Medicaid Update CLTC May 26, 2010

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

2010 Medicaid Update CLTC May 26, 2010 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Harry S. Margolis, Esq. Margolis & Bloom, LLP Boston, Dedham, Framingham & Woburn www.ElderLawAnswers.com. 2010 Medicaid Update CLTC May 26, 2010. State budgets under incredible pressure No comprehensive long-term care policy Mix of Medicare, Medicaid and long-term care insurance

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '2010 Medicaid Update CLTC May 26, 2010' - waneta

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
harry s margolis esq margolis bloom llp boston dedham framingham woburn www elderlawanswers com
Harry S. Margolis, Esq.

Margolis & Bloom, LLP

Boston, Dedham, Framingham & Woburn


2010 Medicaid UpdateCLTCMay 26, 2010
the big picture
State budgets under incredible pressure
  • No comprehensive long-term care policy
  • Mix of Medicare, Medicaid and long-term care insurance
  • Most nursing home care paid for by Medicaid
The Big Picture
basic medicaid rules
Limited to $2,000 in “countable” assets
  • “Community” spouse limited to about $110,000
  • House not counted if spouse (or dependent child) is living in it or equity value is under $500,000 ($750,000 in some states)
  • But beware liens and estate recovery
  • Can't give away assets to get under the limits
Basic Medicaid Rules
transfer rules
One month of ineligibility for every $8,120 transferred
    • Different in each state
  • Transfer of $81,000 causes 10 months of ineligibility ($81,000 / $8,120 = 10)
  • DRA changes
    • Penalty period begins when “otherwise eligible” for benefits – spent down to $2,000
    • Five-year lookback period
Transfer Rules
Mr. Gates transfers $81,000 to his son and daughter on April 1, 2009
  • He enters a nursing home on April 1, 2010
  • He spends down his remaining assets on April 1, 2011
  • He will be eligible for MassHealth on February 1, 2012
    • 10 months after he runs out of money
    • 34 months after the transfer
transfer exceptions
To spouse
  • To disabled child
  • To trust for “sole benefit” of disabled individual under age 65
  • House
    • To “caretaker” child
    • To sibling with equity interest
Transfer Exceptions
home equity
House worth $600,000
  • Options
    • Sell and spend down
    • Borrow $100,000 on the house
    • Argue that the valuation is wrong
    • Do deal with nursing home – in effect a loan
Home Equity
annuities for community spouses
Mr. Gates moves to nursing home
  • Mrs. Gates remains at home
  • They have $310,000 in countable assets
  • Since Mrs. Gates can keep $110,000, they have $200,000 in excess assets
  • Mrs. Gates can pay this towards her husband's cost of care at $10,000 a month, or
Annuities for Community Spouses
protecting the community spouse
Purchase an immediate annuity
    • Transforms excess resource to income stream
    • No limit on community spouse's income nor requirement of contribution
    • Annuity must be “actuarially sound”, and
    • Include repayment provision
    • Purchase short-term annuities
Protecting the Community Spouse
big issues in post dra world
New versions of “half-a-loaf”
  • Penalty period start date
  • Promissory notes
  • Personal care contracts
Big Issues in Post-DRA World
the new half a loaf
The old half-a-loaf
    • John moves to nursing home with $200,000 in savings
    • He gives half to his children, causing one year of ineligibility starting immediately
    • He uses the remaining $100,000 and his income to pay for his care for that year
  • Doesn't work post-DRA because penalty period won't begin until he uses up the remaining $100,000
The New “Half-a-Loaf”
the new half a loaf1
Gift and gift back
    • John gives entire $200,000 to children
    • They “cure” by paying for nursing home care, shortening penalty period with each payment
  • Gift and promissory note
    • John gives $100,000 and loans them $100,000 to be paid back over the year, so John can pay the nursing home
The New “Half-a-Loaf”
the new half a loaf2
Gift and annuity
    • Same as promissory note, except payments coming back come from annuity
    • Must be short term and “actuarially sound”
  • Different solutions in different states
    • None works in Massachusetts
The New “Half-a-Loaf”
penalty period start date
When “otherwise eligible” for benefits
  • Massachusetts approach: only when there's no other source of payment for the nursing home
Penalty Period Start Date
penalty period start date1
Marino v. Velez(U.S. Dist. Ct., Dist. N.J., No. 10-911 (JAP), May 4, 2010).
    • Mrs. Marino transferred $192,000 in February 2009
    • Her children returned $89,000, shortening the penalty period
    • New Jersey says that penalty period would not begin until $89,000 was spent down in April 2010
    • Federal District Court agrees
Penalty Period Start Date
personal care contracts
Agreement with family member to be paid to provide care
  • Lump sum vs. ongoing payment
  • Challenged as not arms length or adequately monitored
  • Stronger if taxes, FICA, workers comp paid
  • Can't go back if no agreement in place
Personal Care Contracts
promissory notes
Intra-family loans can be seen as unenforceable
  • Cases are fact specific, depending on timing and terms of loan
Promissory Notes
transfers intentions and hardship
No penalty is to be applied when
    • Purpose of transfer is exclusively other than to qualify for Medicaid benefits, or
    • Hardship would result
  • Very few successful claims
  • Successful cases are very fact specific
Transfers: Intentions and Hardship
transfer exceptions1
Or not,
  • V.S. v. Division of Medical Assistance and Health Services(N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div., No. A-4735-08T2, April 22, 2010).
    • Son supports mother for years, including repairs to house
    • Mother executes promissory notes
    • Ultimately transfers house to son
    • Medicaid agency imposes transfer
Transfer Exceptions
tough court
Court agrees with state agency:
  • "the Director's findings of fact are supported by the record . . . that the debt enumerated in the various promissory notes did not match the funds purportedly contributed and expended for V.S.'s support and comfort . . . [and] that the various renovations and upgrades could just as easily been expended to ready the house for sale at an advantageous price as to accommodate the home for V.S.'s disability."
Tough Court
promissory note
Wesner v. Velez(D. N.J., No. 10-308 (JAP), April 19, 2010).
    • Applicant seeks injunction in support of authenticity of promissory note
    • Court refuses, stating that the circumstances of the note combined with the acknowledgement that the note was part of a Medicaid planning technique place the bona fides of the note in question.
Promissory Note
penalty period begins on application
Matter of Baker v. Mahon(N.Y. App. Div. 2d. Dept., No. 2009-03242, April 13, 2010).
  • Mother in nursing home transferred $292,680 to son
  • Son paid $153,122 to nursing home
  • Then applied for Medicaid for mother
  • Medicaid agency determines that that's when 15-month penalty period begins because mother was not “otherwise eligible” until she applied for benefits
  • Court upholds state decision
Penalty Period Begins on Application
but not in new jersey
Frugard v. Velez(U.S. Dist. Ct., D. N.J., No. 08-5119 (GEB), April 8, 2010)
  • New Jersey residents transferred assets while in the community and were eligible for community based waiver services, but did not apply
  • Federal Court disagrees:
  • “Defendants' position is plainly an incorrect reading of the statute. Defendants ignore the language 'and would otherwise be' in the statute and incorrectly replace it with the word 'is,' to require the applicant to actually be receiving community-based waiver services before the penalty period can begin. This is an improper and incorrect reading of the plain language of the statute.”
But Not in New Jersey
spousal annuity protected
J.P. v. Missouri State Family Support Div. (Mo. Ct. App., No. WD 70994, April 20, 2010).
  • State rules that income from spouse's annuity is available to the nursing home resident
  • Court disagrees, finding that that under federal Medicaid law the community spouse's income is not deemed available to the institutionalized spouse and the requirement under the DRA that the state be named a primary beneficiary means only that the annuity could not pay out to another heir in the event of the community spouse's death
Spousal Annuity Protected
georgia court permits non assigned annuity
Harbin v. Meadows(Ga. Sup. Ct., No. 2009-CV-0643-LA, Dec. 1, 2009)
  • 94-year-old woman pays $83,500 for actuarially-sound annuity
  • Georgia Medicaid agency demands that it be named the remainder beneficiary
  • Woman refuses and Georgia court agrees with her interpretation of the DRA
  • If finds that federal law requires it to be actuarially sound for its purchase not to be a transfer of assets; nothing else is required
Georgia Court Permits Non-Assigned Annuity
lump sum life care contract disallowed
E.S. v. Division of Medical Assistance and Health Services(N.J. Super. Ct., App. Div., No. A-2564-08T2, March 26, 2010)
  • Life care contract between nursing home resident and daughter
  • Lump sum for the future provision of personal care services
  • Court determines mom did not receive fair market value because contract is non-assignable and non-enforceable
Lump Sum Life Care Contract Disallowed
margolis bloom llp
Offices in Boston, Dedham, Framingham & Woburn
  • 617-267-9700
  • hsm@margolis.com
  • www.margolis.com
  • www.elderlawanswers.com
Margolis & Bloom, LLP