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The Rise of The Third Reich. Discontent in Germany was deep-rooted and growing Demoralizing defeat in World War I Treaty of Versailles (June 1919) created anger and humiliation. Treaty of Versailles.

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The Rise of The Third Reich

Discontent in Germany was deep-rooted and growing

Demoralizing defeat in World War I

Treaty of Versailles (June 1919) created anger and humiliation


Lloyd George of Britain, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France, and Woodrow Wilson of the United States: In 1919, the Big 4 met in Paris to negotiate the treaty.

as a result of the treaty

As a result of the treaty:

Germany lost territories and colonial possessions

the military was limited

Germany had to pay huge amounts for war compensations

“war guilt clause” said,

“Germany must accept complete and total responsibility for the war”

Weimar RepublicThe Weimar Republic after World War I faced incredible inflation and high unemployment

In German classrooms teachers encouraged students to value obedience and respect authority

Albert Einstein claimed

his teachers were more

interested in producing “mental machines” than educating human beings


Despite efforts to silence criticism many individuals spoke out

World wide depression

Setting of psychological and economic woes

Germans wanted a leader who could restore their pride and give them hope

the beer hall putsch
The Beer Hall Putsch
  • Hitler first attempted to seize power at the height of inflation on November 8, 1923
  • Adolf Hilter and a band of supporters burst into a Munich beer hall
Hitler fired a shot at the ceiling and declared that the President (Ebert) and national government had been deposed
police put down the uprising

Police put down the uprising

Two days later Hitler was arrested and brought to trial

He was given the minimum sentence,

5 years in prison and served 9 months

While in prison Hitler met Rudolf

Hess, another prisoner. Hess

helped Hitler write Mein Kampf,

“My Struggle” published in 1925.

This became the guidebook for

the Nazis.

after he got out of prison hitler traveled throughout europe spreading his views

After he got out of prison, Hitler traveled throughout Europe spreading his views

He targeted Jews in his campaign of purification

Secondary targets: communists, homosexuals, handicapped, Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and political opponents of Nazi doctrine


1929 A world wide depression began

The chancellor of the Weimar Republic was Herman Mueller (a Social Democrat). He and his party were in trouble.

In the elections of 1930 the National Socialist Party (Nazis) emerged as the second most powerful party.

1932 Paul von Hindenburg,

84 years old, was re-elected president.

He chose Franz von Papen as the new chancellor.

Paul von Hindenburg


When Papen couldn’t end the depression, another friend of Hindenburg’s took over

General Kurt von Schleich. He couldn’t bring about recovery either

Franz von Papen

1933 Hindenburg’s advisors thought they could control Hitler and thought he would be less “wild” once he was in office
  • Hitler had the popularity they lacked and they had the power Hitler needed
January 30, 1933
  • Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany
  • He was appointed by President Paul von Hindenburg
President Paul von Hindenburg watches a torchlight parade as it passes under the window of Hitler’s new office.
Adolf Hitler, Wilhelm Frick, Hermann Goring waving to a torchlight parade in honor of Hitler’s appointment as chancellor

February 1, 1933 - Hitler proclaimed his new government officially in power

He did this over the radio instead of in front of the Reichstag, the elected Parliament

The meaning was clear: Hitler no longer needed a Parliament

One of Hitler’s first acts as chancellor was to build the concentration camp at Dachau in March 1933

Jews, communists, and homosexuals were some of the first incarcerated there.

decrees laws and events after hitler became chancellor
Decrees, Laws, and Events after Hitler became Chancellor
  • 1933Hitler suspended the parts of the constitution that dealt with personal freedom
  • Gave government the right to censor mail, listen to private telephone conversations, read telegrams, search homes, confiscate property
March 23, 1933 Enabling Act

Government limited the number of Jews who could attend a public high school or teach in one

  • April 1, 1933 Boycott of Jewish owned stores and businesses
April 7, 1933 Civil Service Law

Forced Jews and other non-Aryans out of civil service jobs.

This was the first of over 200 pieces of legislation passed in Germany from 1933 to 1939 designed to segregate, isolate, and demoralize German Jews.

May 10, 1933Government organized book burnings in 30 German cities

The Nazis burned books written by Jews and other “undesirables”

More than 20,000 books were burned outside a university in Berlin

July 1933 Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Diseased Offspring

Permitted the government to sterilize anyone who suffered from “genetically determined” illnesses

The law was an attempt to create a racially pure society of Aryans

hitler declared himself fuhrer after president von hindenburg died on august 2 1934
Hitler declared himself Fuhrer after President von Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934
1935 Attacks against Jews escalated

September 15:

Nuremberg Race Laws Enacted

Stripped German Jews of citizenship and all political rights

Mischling Laws specified who was considered Jewish: anyone with even one Jewish grandparent

1936 The Olympics took place in Germany. Hitler hid his plans and overt acts. After the Olympics attacks escalated.

Hitler at the opening of the Olympic Games in Berlin, August, 1936

works cited

Works Cited!cW0Hk0uId6USEtmDNfRm1Dw0HyjLIHquz5GYVIviNHMQZbd*lMRnut7xUtLggpaIY5xNC6SxM6c*Z!31Llo8AHeKOg6RRsPMGxHM9WO!fGFxM2PA/Albert%20Einstein.jpg

  • Facing History and Ourselves; Holocaust and Human Behavior Resource Book