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The Role of Women . By Lydia Pokluda. How were girls and women named?. Identified by feminine (grammatical gender) of family name Numerical adjectives distinguished sisters Nomenclature Did not have praenomen Some families added cognomen. Roman Girls Treated differently than Boys.

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the role of women

The Role of Women

By Lydia Pokluda

how were girls and women named
How were girls and women named?
  • Identified by feminine (grammatical gender) of family name
  • Numerical adjectives distinguished sisters
  • Nomenclature
  • Did not have praenomen
  • Some families added

cognomen

roman girls treated differently than boys
Roman Girls Treated differently than Boys
  • Homeschooled
  • Learned different skills than boys
  • Played with rags and dolls
  • Some played board and ball games

LudusCalcorum

a girl s education
A Girl’s Education
  • Homeschooled
  • Learned skills boys didn’t
  • Learned to run a household
  • Learned to cook
  • Learned to be a wife
marriage
Marriage
  • Similar to our traditions today
  • Engagement ring
  • By 14, father chose groom
  • June was a special month
  • Religious ceremony followed by a feast
  • Transferred authority and all of woman’s property to the “paterfamilias”
  • Divorce was legal
rights of a woman in the household
Rights of a Woman in the Household
  • Center of household
  • Taught daughters to cook and sew
  • Took care of home and family
  • Could not suggest to husband
attire of wealthy women
Attire of Wealthy Women
  • Stola

-two rectangular segments

of cloth joined by fibulae

and buttons

-Wore the palla over

  • Ornate necklaces, armlets, anklets,

breast chains, brooches, jeweled

buttons, parasols

jobs of roman women
Jobs of Roman Women
  • Promote family and husband’s

interests

  • Could manage own business
  • Lower classes: carpenters, dyers, sewers, or embroiderers
  • One woman painter
  • Influenced politics, could not

serve

the ideal roman woman
The Ideal Roman Woman
  • Virtuous daughter
  • Brave wife
  • Devoted mother
  • Upper class women became patrons

of their home cities

attitude towards powerful women
Attitude towards Powerful Women
  • Could not be in army
  • Could not be hold political office
  • Were allowed to enter business
  • Lent money to peers to avoid

moneylenders

famous roman women
Famous Roman Women
  • Cloelia helped guards and Roman girls to safety
  • Lucretia’s rape caused the revolution that overthrew the monarchy and established the Roman Republic
  • Julia Agrippina “Agrippina the Younger” had a double canine in her upper right jaw-good fortune
bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/women.html
  • http://www.roman-empire.net/society/soc-dress.html
  • http://www.crystalinks.com/romewomen.html
  • http://www.richeast.org/htwm/Greeks/Romans/Wright/clothing.html
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Ancient_Rome
  • http://www.classicsunveiled.com/romel/html/marrcustwom.html
  • http://www.the-romans.co.uk/women.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloelia
  • http://www.mariamilani.com/ancient_rome/ancient_roman_jobs.htm
  • http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/pe_mla/g/gold_breast_chain.aspx