Why do we like some books more than others?. Why do some characters appeal to us and others don’t?. Why can we get a clear picture of some characters in our heads?. Why does reading the description of some settings make us feel like we are there?. Because of the good use of the
appeal to us and others don’t?
Why can we get a clear picture
of some characters in our heads?
of some settings make us feel
like we are there?
Elements Of Literature!
C C S P P T
The people or personified animals or objects in a story.
character can be revealed in four ways
stages of character development
The amount of change in a character over the course of the story also affects its quality.
End of CHARACATER!!!
The struggle between the protagonist and an opposing force.
End of CONFLICT!!!
Includes the time period and place in which the story takes place. Setting may or may not have an important influence on the story.
End of SETTING!!!
This type of setting is essential to the plot; it influences action, character and theme. The story couldn’t take place anywhere else.
This type of setting is relatively unimportant to the plot; it is like the flat painted scenery of a theatre.
What happens in the story.
how the story starts;
During the story, tension is built through a series of complications, incidents which either help or hinder (hurt) the protagonist in finding the solution to the problem.
The highest peak or turning point of the action; at this point we know the outcome. The two forces in conflict come together and the protagonist either wins or loses.
The events that occur after the climax. They give any necessary information or explanations and “tie up loose ends.”
how the story ends; the sense at the end of the story that the story is complete
End of PLOT!!!
The most usual one in children’s books; readers feel that they know what will happen. The various parts of plot are tied together satisfactorily, and the reader feels a sense of completion.
Readers must draw their own conclusions; they do not know what will happen.
Abrupt ending at an exciting and often dangerous time in the plot; its purpose is to keep the reader reading; usually found at the end of a chapter, but some books end this way.
The vantage point from which the story is told. Who is the narrator and how is he involved in the story?
The narrator is a character in the story, usually the protagonist. She tells the story from her own experience.
Key pronouns: I, me, my
[ab1]Purple Hair?, knots on a counting rope
The narrator may or may not be a character in the story; he speaks directly to the audience. This P.O.V is rarely used in modern literature.
Key pronouns: you, we, us
[ab1]Alexander, owl moom
The narrator is not a character in the story. Key pronouns: he, she, they, it, him, her, etc.
The narrator does not reveal any thoughts or feelings of the characters. Readers are told only what happens and what is said. It is called “dramatic” because it is what you usually see and hear in a movie or play. It is called “objective” account is based on facts.
End of POINT OF VIEW!!!
Narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of only one character (sometimes, but very rarely of two or three.
Narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of most or all the characters. “Omniscient” means having unlimited knowledge.
The underlying meaning of the story,
a universal truth,
a significant statement the story is making about society, human nature, or the human condition.
End of THEME!!!
The theme is openly stated in the book in universal terms.
The theme is NOT stated directly; the reader must infer it; figure it out.
oint of view