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Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Lectures on freight : contemporary economics and policy issues Introduction PowerPoint Presentation
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Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Lectures on freight : contemporary economics and policy issues Introduction

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    1. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Lectures on freight : contemporary economics and policy issues Introduction Michel Savy savy@enpc.fr professor, ENPC and University of Paris 12 director, OPSTE ( www.cnt.fr )

    2. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 2 Presentation of the lectures Introduction : the nature of freight transport, consequences upon its consumption, production, management, regulation 1) Transport as a system: actors, network, interdependance 2) Infrastructure : role, policy 3) Coupling or decoupling of economics and transport growth ? 4) Structures and strategies of the transport industry

    3. The nature of transport

    4. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 4 Realm and definitions Transport pipes, dedicated networks accounting limits academic definition and practical usage of "transport"

    5. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 5 Goods Commodity, good, product ? Production and market, physical circulation and commercial circulation Freight : a Dutch word : vehicle renting the price of renting (cause for effect, owner and operator) the price of transportation (carrier and shipper) the shipment, the cargo (contained thing for containing thing) A system, with its actors and their positions

    6. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 6 Transport, production and market

    7. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 7 Supply, distribution and transport in a production channel

    8. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 8 Transport and manufacturing

    9. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 9 Transport and ecological cycle

    10. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 10 The process of transport Transport, an immaterial operation ? services and commodities (goods) in national accounts transport is not a good does not modify transported good (?) no inventory, no transfer of transport non productive (?) Transport, a manufacturing activity, partly produced according to a service legal status consumption > demand, production > supply, activity > industry, sector, market Production and consumption confused (fused together), in space and time

    11. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 11 Transport activity, inside and outside market

    12. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 12 Consequences Difficult fit of supply and demand (immediate fitting, in time and space), market is chronically in imbalance (necessary over-capacity) Intermediation State control and regulation Offshoring ? Quality of service (complex notion) no preliminary quality control, certification risk calculation and reduction

    13. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 13 Fitting production and consumption in time

    14. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 14 Fitting production and consumption in space

    15. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 15 Macroeconomics control

    16. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 16 Transport and manufacturing capital Production cost (and profit margin / market average cost) Capital rotation Stock of capital transport speed and capital Profit rate profit = (margin / capital) x rotation

    17. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 17 Production and competition in space

    18. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 18 Competition through manufacturing

    19. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 19 Competition through transport

    20. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 20 Protection of local production

    21. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 21 Competition in time

    22. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki May 14th 2007 22 References EU Energy and transport in figures, statistical pocketbook, European Commission, 2005. Trends in the Transport Sector, 1970-2005, ECMT, 2007. Savy, Michel, Le transport de marchandises, Paris, ditions d'Organisation, 2006. Savy, Michel, "Transport Management as a Key Logistics Issue", in Perret, F.-L. and Jaffeux, C., The Essentials of Logistics and Management, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne, 2nd edition, forthcoming. Transports/Europe (bulletin of the Observatory of Transport Policies and Strategies in Europe, downloadable, in English and in French, from www.cnt.fr)