The State System of Incentives for Environmental Services – SISA Stakeholder Engagement Process
Social Movements "At first I thought I was fighting to save rubber trees, then I thought I was fighting to save the Amazon rainforest, now I realize I am fighting for humanity" Chico Mendes, 1986 New Category of Protected Area: Extractive Reserve
HistoricalProcessofdevelopmentPublic Policies ofEvironmentalServices Foto: Diego Gurgel • 2001 – EcologicalEconomicZoning • 2003-2006 – Studiesofconservationandenvironmentalservices • 2008 – FirstStudies to Analizethepotentialof REDD mecanism in Acre (GTZ, IUCN, WWF) • 2009 – Plan for PreventionandControlDeforestationand Burns of Acre • 2009 – ActionPlan to develop a REDD proposal (GTZ, IUCN, WWF, IPAM, CPWH) • 2009 - 2010 – PublicConsultationof REDD Proposal • 2010 – PublicConsultationandadoptedthe Law thatcreatetheState System of Incentive for EnvironmentalServices
State System of Incentives for Environmental Services: Integrated Work • SecretaryofEnvironmentandSecretaryof Forest • General Attorney Office • BrasilianandinternationalInstitutions (WWF, IPAM, IUCN, Amigos da Terra, GTZ, KfW, CPWH, EDF, FGV, Forest Trends, The Woods HoleResearh Center, GeoConsult, BioFílica, UFMG e Embrapa) • Stakeholdersand civil societyrepresentedbytheEnvironmentalCouncils.
Results of Consultation Process Acre don’tneeds a REDD project, needs a State Policie for EnvironmentalServicesstatedby Law • Consultation involving different segments of society in meetings, workshops - trainings: • Indigenous • Small households and extractivists • Civil Society Organizations technical staff • Class organizations’ representatives • Result: A total of 357 recommendations received. Main groups: • Structural Actions: 70 • Incentives for Environmental Services: 63 • Regarding the Project’s Concept: 39 • Priority areas: 36 • Governance and safeguards: 29
Project of SISA LAW • Project of SISA Law developedusingtherecomendationofthefirstconsultationprocess • 2nd consultationprocess : • NGOs: 23 de julho • 3 EnvironmentalCouncils 26 de julho • Othersectors: • FEDERAL GOVERMENT: INCRA, IBAMA, FUNAI, ICMBIO • SOCIAL MOVEMENTS: FETACRE,FAEAC, ASSIMANEJO, CUT • EMBRAPA • STATE GOVENRMENT: SEF, SEMA, SEAPROF, INS. DOM MOACIR, IDAF, ITERACRE,
Forest OMBUDSMAN Councils Environment Rural Development Commission for MonitoringandValidation Environmental Services Company CLIMATE CHANGE INSTITUTE RegulationImplementation SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE InvestmentFunds PROGRAMS SUBPROGRAM C SUBPROGRAM A SUBPROGRAM B PROJETOS PROJETOS PROJETOS PROJETOS PROJETOS
Lessons • How good is good enough? • Build public policies and stablish by Law, through a participatory process (include all sectors), • Learn from others (Governments, NGOs, Institutions, Researchers, etc), • Define governance system to guarantee the continuity of the public policies for environmental services (stability and governance), • Time to develop vs time to implement vsparticipatory process • Be patient and persistent: participatory process demands time , are not easy, depends on multiple variables to be effective.