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S upervised A griculture E xperience. Pennsylvania Department of Education BCTE Pennsylvania SAE Guidelines July 2009. Supervised Agricultural Experience. The SAE program is education.  It is hands-on, real-life agricultural career preparation experiences tied to:

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s upervised a griculture e xperience


Pennsylvania Department of Education



SAE Guidelines

July 2009

supervised agricultural experience
Supervised Agricultural Experience

The SAE program is education.

 It is hands-on, real-life agricultural

career preparation experiences tied to:

  • agricultural science curriculum
  • student aptitudes and interests
  • student career and educational goals
  • the agricultural industry

It ties together the entire agricultural education experience.

~You Tube video clip: National FFA SAE~

read this carefully
Read this carefully!

Help Wanted:

Landscape maintenance worker.

Operate a lawn mower and power blower.

Need a person who can work without supervision.

Experience required.

Call 555-7743 today.

looking for the right person
Looking for the right person….

Vet Assistant Needed:

Mayflower Animal Hospital needs an experienced individual to work 20 hours a week.

Duties include bathing, grooming, and feeding of animals.

Apply in person at 316 Walnut Street



Are you the ONE they are looking for?

Horticulture Opening

Dependable person

to handle over the counter

sales in a busy garden center.

Pay is $7.50 an hour.

Neat appearance important,

along with the ability to work

with people.

Experience in working

with plants a must.

Call 555-2396 for an interview.

what was the same in all three ads
What was the SAME in all three ads?
  • Each advertisement wanted

the person to be experienced.

People who have experience

have the edge in landing a job.



  • How do you get experience
  • without first having a job?
  • How do you get a job
  • without first having experience?

What can YOU do NOWto be qualified for a job in the future ?


Gaining Experience

Through Hands On Learning



sae defined
SAE Defined

Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) programs consist of planned practical activities conducted outside of class time, in which students develop and apply agricultural knowledge and skills.

pde approved sae definition
PDE Approved SAE Definition
  • PDE considers a SAE enterprise acceptable if it will correspond to a recognized National FFA Proficiency Award area. See proficiency descriptions at: www.FFA.org
  • PDE Chapter 339 SAE hour option definition:


make the connections
Make The Connections

Agricultural Education has thrived by implementing teaching methods that utilize three interconnectededucational components.

It is the student’s involvement in all three Agricultural Education components: classroom instruction, FFA and SAE, that challenges the student and develops the three skill domains.

Agricultural Education develops the student’s cognitive mental skills ( Knowledge )through classroom instruction.

The FFA student organization component develops the student’s affective skills,( Attitude),through structured leadership and career development activities and events.

The student’s psychomotor skills, commonly called manual or physical skills ( Skills) ,are developed through the supervised agricultural experience program (SAE).

The THREE Circles and You

how can a sae help me
How can a SAE help me?
  • Develops skills that can be used in getting a job
  • Provides the opportunity to earn money
  • Develops skills that can be used in starting your own business (entrepreneurship)
  • Helps develop management skills
  • Develops computer skills
more sae skill development
More SAE skill development
  • Improves analytical and decision-making skills
  • Learn record-keeping skills
  • Teaches responsibility
  • Provides the opportunity to explore career options
  • Offers ideas for your Graduation Project
still more sae skills
Still More SAE Skills……
  • Develops knowledge and skills that could be helpful in college, as a hobby, or for recreation.
  • Provides the opportunity to win awards. FFA proficiency awards are based on the SAE program. In addition to winning awards, money can be won at regional, state, and national levels.

You Tube video clip: ~Student Tomato SAE~

sae planning for success
SAE: Planning For Success

Plan Your Work


Work Your Plan


sae career ladder
SAE Career Ladder
  • A “word ladder” is an activity where one letter in a word is changed, in order to form a new word.
  • You change one letter at a time until you have a new word.
  • See if you can change SAE into JOB.

• J O B

• __ __ __

• __ __ __

• __ __ __

• S A E

goal setting techniques
Goal Setting Techniques


Once you have planned your SAE project,

turn your attention to developing several goals

that will enable you to be successful.

Goals should be SMART

- specific, measurable, agreed upon, realistic and time based

To check the progress of your goal setting you might hold SAE project evaluation meetings with the key members of your SAE team: teacher, parents, employer….


The acronym SMART has a number of slightly different variations, which can be used to provide a more comprehensive

definition for goal setting:

S - specific, significant, stretching

M - measurable, meaningful, motivational

A - agreed upon, attainable, achievable, acceptable, action-oriented

R - realistic, relevant, reasonable, rewarding, results-oriented

T - time-based, timely, tangible, trackable

This provides a broader definition that will help you to be successful in both your SAE and personal life.


five quality sae program measurements
FIVE Quality SAE Program Measurements

Five factors that define a quality SAE program:

1. Documented

Students maintain an accurate and analytical set of records. Students develop an understanding of managerial practices and identifies alternatives based on his or her records.

2. The SAE is curriculum based

Students use knowledge gained from instruction in planning their SAE. Students use knowledge and skills gained from agricultural and academic principles to arrive at SAE project end products.

quality sae measurements
Quality SAE Measurements

3. The SAE is student managed

Student applies classroom-learned skills in real-world settings with student initiating and controlling decisions.

4. The SAE is planned and comprehensive

     Students experience skills that meet or exceed curricular expectations, accomplishing goals and is managed with a collaboration of student, teacher, and parents.

5.  Student receives recognition

    Recognition can begin with academic recognition for SAE accomplishments and develop into FFA degree recognition and develop further into state and national recognition through FFA proficiency awards and Record Book competitions.

types of sae enterprises
Types of SAE Enterprises
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Placement
  • Conservation
  • Improvement
  • Practicum Skills
  • Research

While an SAE program may contain just one type of activity, the goal should be to show growth each year, either by improving or expanding your original project or adding an additional SAE.

This maximizes learning and your opportunities

for FFA awards and recognition.

SAE Growth

entrepreneurship sae
Entrepreneurship SAE

The student plans, implements, operates, and assumes financial risks in a farming activity or agricultural business for an entrepreneurship SAE.

In entrepreneurship programs, the student owns the materials and other required inputs and keeps financial records to determine return to investments.

entrepreneurship examples
Entrepreneurship Examples. .
  • Growing a garden or an agronomic crop
  • A group of students growing a crop of


  • Raising rabbits, pigs, sheep, or cattle
  • Running a pay-to-fish operation
  • Owning and operating a lawn care service
  • Operating a Christmas tree farm
  • Having a pleasure horse
placement sae
Placement SAE

Placement or employment SAE programs involve the placement of students on farms or in agricultural businesses to provide a “learning-by-doing” environment.

This is done outside of normal classroom hours and may be paid or non-paid.

placement examples
Placement Examples. . .
  • Working in a florist shop
  • Working at a riding stable
  • Working in a small animal hospital
  • Placement on a farm
  • Working in the produce or meat

department of a grocery store

  • Working in a small engine repair shop
  • Working after school at a farm

supply store

conservation sae
Conservation SAE

Conservation SAE’s involves the student studying wildlife and the environment

(soil, water, air, renewable resources) and conducting research and activities to improve the environment and provide habitat for wildlife.

Conservation projects usually include multiple environmental BMP activities

throughout the year.

conservation examples
Conservation Examples. . .
  • Place bird feeders and maintain a log of birds seen
  • Research and plant a butterfly garden
  • Make casts of animal tracks
  • Raise pheasants or quail
  • Plant evergreens and apple trees for wildlife food and cover
  • Join a watershed group and conduct a stream
  • Develop a PowerPoint to identify trees and wildlife common to your area and use it to study for FFA CDE’s
conservation project opportunities
Conservation Project Opportunities

The Pennsylvania Game Commission provides regional and state level monetary awards for outstanding conservation projects.

They PGC Wildlife Conservation Officers also serve as technical advisors for SAE projects.

improvement sae
Improvement SAE

Improvement SAE projects include a series of learning activities that improve the value or appearance of the place of employment, home, school, or community; the efficiency of an enterprise or business; or the living conditions of the family.

The improvement project can occur at home, school or in your community. It can be paid or volunteer time.

improvement examples
Improvement Examples. . .
  • Landscaping the home
  • Building a pasture fence
  • Remodeling and painting a room
  • Overhauling a piece of ag equipment
  • Building or reorganizing a workshop
  • Renovating and restocking a pond
  • Computerizing the records of an agricultural business
practicum skill sae
Practicum Skill SAE

Practicum Skill projects allow students to gain knowledge through:

Non-experimental research

Exploring various areas of agriculture

Exploring agricultural careers

practicum skill examples
Practicum Skill Examples. . .
  • Develop a marketing plan for an agricultural commodity
  • Write a series of newspaper articles about the environment
  • Design a land use plan for your school district
  • Develop a landscape design for a community park
  • Attend an agricultural career day
  • Attend a county or state conservation camp
school related practicum skill examples
School Related Practicum Skill Examples. . .

Work in the school greenhouse or land lab

Serve as a school lab assistant

Develop and/or maintain the FFA chapter Web site.

Develop and/or participate in the recycling program

Plant a butterfly garden at an elementary school

research sae
Research SAE

The purpose of the experiment is to provide students “hands-on” experience in:

Verifying, learning, or demonstrating

scientific principles in agriculture

Discovering new knowledge

Using the scientific process

Research SAE include in depth activities where the student plans and conducts a major agricultural experiment using the scientific process.

research examples
Research Examples. . .
  • Comparing the muscle and bone anatomy of a chicken wing to a human hand
  • Determining the impact of different levels of enzymes on meat tenderness
  • Comparing three rooting hormones on root development
  • Determining if phases of the moon have an effect on plant growth
  • Determining the strength of welds using different welding methods
sae which one is for you
SAE: Which one is for you?

Practicum Skill






After reviewing this PowerPoint,

talk to your parents and agriculture teacher and decide the type of SAE that will work for you.

What will your SAE project(s) be????

Decision TIME!

your sae record book
Your SAE Record Book

After you decide which type of SAE you will do:

  • With your agriculture teacher’s supervision, decide

if you will be doing your records by hand

(paper and pencil) or electronically on the computer.

  • With your agriculture teacher’s help, select the appropriate

record book(s) to match the type of SAE you have selected.

Each SAE type will have a different record book format.

All record books can be downloaded from the PA FFA website:


sae record book layout
SAE Record Book Layout
  • Download the appropriate records sections to your computer

from the PA FFA Web site.

  • Remember every SAE record book MUST include a Common

Pages section (see notebook format below).

  • Three Ring Notebook Format

-SAE notebook colored tabs are available from the PA Association of Ag Educators

Tab 1: Planning (Common Pages download)

Tab 2: Enterprise 1

Tab 3-5: Additional Enterprises 2-4

Tab 6: Summary (Common Pages download)

Tab 7: Leadership (Common Pages download)

research sae project opportunities
Research SAE Project Opportunities

Your research project is eligible for competition in the

Agri science fairs

at the FFA state and national levels, as well as at your local fairs.

Awards and Recognition

Pennsylvania FFA SAE

Record Book Competitions

Events are held on the local and state level. See the PA FFA website for scorecards and all required record keeping forms.

Mid Atlantic Farm Credit and Ag Choice provide:

$250 for the top record book in each of the four FFA regions.

$500 for the top record book in PA.

These awards are presented on stage at the PA FFA Summer Convention in June.

Conservation SAE Project Opportunities

The PA Game Commission offers awards for outstanding projects and Record Books.


State and National FFA Proficiency Awards

Students with outstanding record books are encouraged to

complete a National FFA proficiency award application.

State Regional Proficiency winners receive $25 and a plaque.

State Proficiency winners receive $100 and a plaque and represents PA in national competition.

Go to the National FFA website for a list of proficiency areas and

applications: www.FFA.org

FFA Proficiency Awards

sae resources
SAE Resources

1. Classroom discussion, Ag Sci textbook and videos

2. Upperclassmen FFA Members

3. PA FFA Handbook (on PA FFA website)

4. National FFA Student Handbook

5. National FFA Official Manual

6. PA FFA website: www.paffa.state.pa.us

  • National FFA website: www.ffa.org
  • PA Department of Education SAE Guidebook