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Literary Heritage of the USA

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  1. Literary Heritage of the USA Renata Dulatova

  2. Unique American style Washington Irving Edgar Allan Poe James Cooper

  3. Washington Irving (1783 –1859) • short stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle" (in the book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent) • image of St. Nicholas soaring over treetops in a flying wagon (A History of New York, 1812) Sleepy Hollow(1999): • police constable Ichabod Crane(Johnny Depp)from New York City is to investigate a series of murders in the village Sleepy Hollow by a mysterious Headless Horseman.

  4. James Cooper (1789 –1851) • sea-stories and the historical novels known as the Leatherstocking Tales • a historical novel The Last of the Mohicans(1826) • The American adaptations – 1920, 1932, 1936, 1992 • German adptations -Der Letzte der Mohikaner(1920),Chingachgook die Grosse Schlange (Chingachgook the Great Serpent)(1967)

  5. Edgar Allan Poe (1809 –1849) • the first American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career • tales of mystery and the macabre • practitioner of the short story and the inventor of the detective-fiction genre • contribution to the emerging genre of science fiction • "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Murders in the Rue Morgue"

  6. Realism Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens Henry James

  7. Mark Twain (1835 –1910) • "greatest American humorist of his age“, "the father of American literature" (William Faulkner) • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer(1876), Adventures of Huckleberry Finn(1885) • American adaptations – 1920, 1931, 1939, 1954, 1960, 1993 (Elijah Wood) • Russian adaptation – Hopelessly Lost (1972) • Japanese anime – 1976, 1994

  8. Henry James (1843 –1916) • the series of novels in which he portrays the encounter of Americans with Europe and Europeans • Daisy Miller (1879), The Bostonians (1886),The Ambassadors (1903) • a ghost story, novellaThe Turn of the Screw(1898) Adaptations: • An opera, The Turn of the Screw(1954 ) • TV movie,The Turn of the Screw (1974) • A film,The Others starring Nicole Kidman is partly based upon the novel (2001) • A film,In a Dark Place(2006)

  9. Jack London Theodore Dreiser Francis Scott Fitzgerald Margaret Mitchell Ernest Hemingway

  10. Jack London 1876 –1916 • one of the first Americans to make a lucrative career exclusively from writing • purchased plots and novels from the young Sinclair Lewis and used incidents from newspaper clippings as writing material • The Call of the Wild, White Fang, The Sea-Wolf, Hearts of Three

  11. Theodore Dreiser 1871 –1945 • Sister Carrie(1900),The Financier, The Titan, The Stoic,An American Tragedy(1925)

  12. Francis Scott Fitzgerald 1896 –1940 • works are the paradigm writings of the Jazz Age • future wife, Zelda Sayre, the "golden girl", in Fitzgerald's words • This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and Damned, Tender Is the Night and the most famous, the celebrated classic, The Great Gatsby(a critique of the American Dream)

  13. Margaret Mitchell 1900 –1949 • one of the most popular books of all time, selling more than 30 million copies • Ahighly-grossing American film adaptation (1939)

  14. Ernest Hemingway 1899 –1961 • distinctive writing style, characterized by economy and understatement • an enormous influence on 20th-century fiction • 1954 - the Nobel Prize in Literature • best novelsThe Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms

  15. Post-World War II Nelle Harper Lee Jerome Salinger John Hoyer Updike Ray Bradbury

  16. Harper Lee 1926 - • To Kill a Mockingbird(1960) - racial injustice and the destruction of innocence Adaptation • To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)- Gregory Peck as Atticus Finch

  17. Jerome Salinger 1919 - 2010 • The Catcher in the Rye(1951) • Franny and Zooey and a collection of two novellas, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour

  18. John Hoyer Updike 1932 - 2009 • Rabbit series (the novels Rabbit, Run; Rabbit Redux; Rabbit Is Rich; Rabbit At Rest; and the novella "Rabbit Remembered") which chronicled the life of Harry "Rabbit" Angstrom over the course of several decades, from young adulthood to his death • The Witches of Eastwick (1984), Roger's Version (1986) and In the Beauty of the Lilies

  19. Ray Bradbury 1920 - • an American fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer • best known for his dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451 (1953) and for the science fiction stories gathered together as The Martian Chronicles (1950) and The Illustrated Man (1951) • more than 20 filmed dramatizations of his works