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The Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System: A Progress Report. Patricio A. Bernal, Executive Secretary IOC. UN role. Define the proper scale of the problem and solution. The system must be: Fully owned by the Indian Ocean Rim countries Based on international multilateral cooperation

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The Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System:

A Progress Report

Patricio A. Bernal, Executive Secretary IOC

un role
UN role
  • Define the proper scale of the problem and solution.
  • The system must be:
    • Fully owned by the Indian Ocean Rim countries
    • Based on international multilateral cooperation
    • Based on the open and free exchange of data
    • Protect all countries in the Indian Ocean Basin
    • Transparent and accountable to all members
how does it function
How does it function?
  • Is based on the joint operation of international networks of detection connected with national tsunami warning centres
  • UN governance provided under the IOC
  • Each nation is responsible for issuing warnings in their territory and protect its own population.
  • National centres must have strong links with emergency preparedness authorities (national, provincial and local)
where are we now
Where are we now?
  • A single system being planned
  • All countries of the Indian Ocean participate
  • Tsunami advisory information provided from centres in Hawaii and Tokyo.
  • National focal points designated in 14 nations
  • Governance of UN/IOC accepted in Paris
  • Full scope of the task recognized: multi-nation (27), multi-year (>3)
  • Beyond the emergency: transition to reconstruction and development phase.
  • Joint UN implementation: IOC,WMO,ISDR,UNDP
timeline 2005
Timeline 2005

Implementation Interim System IOC-WMO-ISDR

Implementation full system 2005-2006

  • Jan 25-26: China-ASEAN Beijing Workshop
  • Jan 28-29: Ministerial Meeting, Phuket, Thailand
  • Feb 16: EOS III/GEOSS, Brussels
  • Feb 22-24 Tokyo Seminar senior Officers Affected countries.
  • Feb 28-March 2: Workshop NHK and Asian Broadcasting Union
  • March 3-8: IOC 1st Regional Technical Coordination Meeting, Paris
  • March 6-19: JICA/ADRC training course, Tokyo
  • March 14-16: WMO GTS workshop, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • April 14-16: IOC 2nd Regional Coordination Meeting, Mauritius
  • June 21 IOC General Assembly, Paris: Formal establishment IOTWS
5 example 1 disaster
5. Example 1: DISASTER

2-Year Target

Advocate expansion of seismic monitoring networks, plus expansion of the present network of ocean-bottom pressure sensors, and upgrade existing global networks (e.g. the GSN) so that all critical instruments relay data in real time, in support of better tsunami warning worldwide.

Task 1

Facilitate immediately (6 months) upgrading of the existing Tsunami detection networks in Indian Ocean.

Set of provided Tasksby IOC

Task 2

Contribute to the design of the Tsunami early waning systems in Indian Ocean and expand to global coverage.

Task 3

Contribute to the elaboration of preparedness plan/vulnerability maps using EO and GIS techniques.

implementation
Implementation
  • Fast-track, based on existing networks seismographic and sea-level.
  • CTBTO broadcasting data experimentally
  • Sea-level GLOSS network being upgraded
  • Communication channels being provided through existing operators (GTS of WMO)
  • Plans for full-fledged system to be completed: technical group been convened
  • Interim solution operating in October or before
indian ocean gloss
Indian Ocean GLOSS

WHITE CROSS retransmission to PTWC via GTS

Select station from map for data display.

There are 9 GLOSS sites with hourly real-time data, 11 additional sites with hourly fast delivery data, 10 sites with hourly data later than 1999, 2 sites with hourly data before 1999, 15 sites with monthly data later than 1999, and 8 sites with monthly data before 1999.

5 example 1 disaster11
5. Example 1: DISASTER

2-Year Target

Advocate expansion of seismic monitoring networks, plus expansion of the present network of ocean-bottom pressure sensors, and upgrade existing global networks (e.g. the GSN) so that all critical instruments relay data in real time, in support of better tsunami warning worldwide.

Task 1

Facilitate immediately (6 months) upgrading of the existing Tsunami detection networks in Indian Ocean.

Set of provided Tasksby IOC

Task 2

Contribute to the design of the Tsunami early waning systems in Indian Ocean and expand to global coverage.

Task 3

Contribute to the elaboration of preparedness plan/vulnerability maps using EO and GIS techniques.

beyond the immediate response planning the extension to global coverage
Beyond the immediate response: Planning the extension to Global Coverage:
  • Caribbean Region (IOCARIBE)
  • South West Pacific (Australia)
  • South-China Sea (WESTPAC/ASEAN)
  • Mediterranean: France, Spain Portugal Algeria
  • Strengthening of the Pacific System (USA, Senate Bill 50)
  • ITSU October 2005
beyond the immediate response multi hazard platform
Beyond the immediate response: Multi-hazard platform
  • Storm – surges (IOC, WMO, JCOMM-)
  • Tropical storms (WMO, JCOMM)
  • Improving Storm and cyclones track forecasts (IOC, WMO, JCOMM)
  • Ice Hazard (IOC, WMO, JCOMM)
  • Donor Coordination: Financial pledges to project extending Tsunami coverage to the 27 nations of Indian Ocean Rim beyond 2005 and to a multi-hazard platform (TSU-REG-05/CSS10 – Region)
geo members support
GEO Members Support
  • Deep-sea pressure sensors technology (DART’s availability).
  • Facilitating free exchange of national data for the protection of life and property.
  • Communication channels for increased number of instrumental platforms (Geo-stationary Meteo Sats.)
  • Support for the establishment of an IOC Operational Centre for disaster management
  • Participation in planning exercise, new technologies: GPS; Scatter of Multi GPS, Crust deformation,new communication technologies.