President s day
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PRESIDENT’S DAY. Remembering George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. The Top TWO Presidents. The Symbols of the Presidency. George Washington. FIRST President Set the “standard” and rules for the presidency. First to voluntarily surrender power. George Washington – Rebel?.

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President s day

PRESIDENT’S DAY

Remembering George Washington and Abraham Lincoln




George washington
George Washington

  • FIRST President

  • Set the “standard” and rules for the presidency.

  • First to voluntarily surrender power


George washington rebel
George Washington – Rebel?

  • Richest man in the colony of Virginia and in the top 5 richest in America.

  • Why would he choose to throw that all away by fighting the most powerful country on earth? (England)


George washington commander of the continental army
George Washington – Commander of the Continental Army

  • Dealt with not enough ammunition, food, shelter, or money.

  • Dealt with defections.

  • After the war the Continental Congress – owed two years of pay to all the army.


Congress acts on the problem
Congress acts on the problem

  • DISBANDS the army.

    • After all, they aren’t “needed” anymore.

    • They’d “pay up in the future.”


The army s reaction
The Army’s Reaction???

  • Go to Philadelphia!


George washington s first act of giving up power
George Washington’s First Act of Giving Up Power

  • Convinced his officers not to start a rebellion.

  • Voluntarily gave up power.

  • Had NEVER been done in history!

  • Rule of Law – even if not a good one.


Washington as first president
Washington as First President

  • Had to establish what the powers of the office would be.

  • Had to establish the “traditions” of being Mr. President.

    • “His Excellency”?

    • “His Temporary Majesty”?

    • Uniform or not?


George washington s second act of voluntarily surrendering power
George Washington’s SECOND act of voluntarily surrendering power

  • Giving up the presidency.

    • Walked away from power.

    • NEVER HAPPENED BEFORE!


President s day

Abraham Lincoln’s Legacy power

  • BBuilt the Republican Party.

  • FFreed the slaves.

  • FFought the Civil War

  • RReminded people that we were a country “by the people, of the people and for the people.”

  • KKept the Constitution intact.


Abraham lincoln
Abraham Lincoln power

  • One of the founders of the Republican Party

    • A “one issue” party in 1856 – end slavery.

    • Lincoln made the party mean more than just Abolition of Slavery.

    • Made it mean Federalism.

    • Made us think of our selves as Americans.


Abraham lincoln1
Abraham Lincoln power

  • Freed people of color.

  • 15 Presidents before had not been able or willing to do that!

    • A couple presidents after didn’t like Lincoln’s actions, either!

    • 4 million men, women and children freed.


Any president s nightmare civil war
Any President’s nightmare: Civil War power

  • Abraham Lincoln faced a nation at war.

  • Did not give in or give up.

  • Did not throw out the Constitution and become a dictator.


The civil war
The Civil War power

  • Worst war for the United States.

  • 700,000 dead Americans between 1861 – 1865.


Lincoln s vision
Lincoln’s Vision power

  • Followed the Constitution the best he could.

  • Never removed the rebel states from the American flag.

  • Continued Washington DC as the capitol.


Lincoln s legacy
Lincoln’s Legacy power

  • Never has a president faced the problems that Abraham Lincoln did.

  • He is the “Gold Standard” for all presidents since to measure themselves against.