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Causes of the American Revolution. Goal 1- Objective 1.03 Civics and Economics. Goals and Objectives. Goal 1 - The learner will investigate the foundations of the American political system and explore basic values and principles of American democracy.

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causes of the american revolution

Causes of the American Revolution

Goal 1- Objective 1.03

Civics and Economics

goals and objectives
Goals and Objectives
  • Goal 1 - The learner will investigate the foundations of the American political system and explore basic values and principles of American democracy.
  • Objective 1.03- Examine the causes of the American Revolution.
i colonial resistance
I. Colonial Resistance
  • Salutary Neglect
    • For years the American colonists had managed their own affairs and gained experience in self government due to salutary neglect.
    • When George III took the throne, Britain's policy towards the colonies began to change.
i colonial resistance1
I. Colonial Resistance
  • Mercantilism
    • The theory that a country’s power depends on its wealth.
    • Great Britain used the colonies as a source of cheap materials.
    • Navigation Acts – American colonies could only trade with Great Britain.
i colonial resistance2
I. Colonial Resistance
  • Growing Tensions
    • Albany Plan of the Union – 1st attempt to unite the colonies and form a federal union.
    • French and Indian War – war fought between Great Britain and France over North American territory.

A. British won, left them with a huge debt.

    • Proclamation of 1763 – prohibited colonists to settle passed the Appalachian Mountains.
i colonial resistance3
I. Colonial Resistance
  • Growing Tensions
    • To pay off their huge war debt, the British placed heavy taxes and strict restrictions on the American colonies.
      • Stamp Act – tax on all legal documents
      • Quartering Act – required colonists to house and feed British troops.
i colonial resistance4
I. Colonial Resistance
  • Worsening Relations
    • Many colonists decided to boycott British goods.

A. Boycott – refuse to buy

    • Organizations were formed to oppose new taxes and restrictions.
      • Sons of Liberty – British opposition group
      • Committees of Correspondence – distributed anti British literature.
      • Common Sense – pamphlet that fanned the flames of the revolution written by Thomas Paine.
i colonial resistance5
I. Colonial Resistance
  • Stamp Act Congress
    • Held in New York City with the purpose of repealing the Stamp Act.

A. Repealed – overturned or cancelled.

    • Stamp act was repealed but Parliament passed the Declaratory Act.

A. Declaratory Act – Parliament had the right to make decisions for the colonies in all cases.

    • The Townshend Acts soon followed.
      • Townshend Acts – legalized writs of assistance and assisted arrests of smugglers.

1. Writs of Assistance – Allowed British to search homes without warrant.

i colonial resistance6
I. Colonial Resistance
  • Stamp Act Congress
    • Angered by these laws, colonist cause trouble for British officials.
    • Boston Massacre – British soldier fired into a crowd, killing five.
i colonial resistance7
I. Colonial Resistance
  • New Taxes and a Tea Party
    • Colonists resented the new taxes because they had no representation in Parliament.

A. “No Taxation Without Representation”

    • Tea Act – gave British the right to ship tea without paying tea tax.
    • Boston Tea Party - British tea dumped into Boston harbor in protest of Tea Act
i colonial resistance8
I. Colonial Resistance
  • New Taxes and a Tea Party

4. Coercive/Intolerable Acts – passed as a punishment for the tea party, restricted colonists civil rights including trial by jury.

ii moving toward independence
II. Moving Toward Independence
  • 1st Continental Congress
    • Colonial governments banned together to fight the Intolerable Acts. Delegates were sent to Philadelphia to discuss their concerns.
    • 1st Continental Congress lasted 7 weeks. Delegates sent a document demanding he restore their rights.

A. Olive Branch Petition – document sent to King George III, giving him an ultimatum.

ii moving towards independence
II. Moving Towards Independence
  • 1st Continental Congress
    • King George responded with force. Two battles took place at Lexington and Concord
    • “Shot heard Round the World” – poem written by Ralph Waldo Emerson to immortalize colonists who fought at these battles.
ii moving towards independence1
II. Moving Towards Independence
  • 2nd Continental Congress
    • Delegates again met in Philadelphia to discuss independence.
    • Not all supported independence, but by 1776 most agreed and the Congress appointed a committee to write a document that would officially announce their independence.
    • Declaration of Independence – written by Thomas Jefferson and approved on July 4, 1776.