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  1. PowerPointPresentation PublisherThe Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.Tinley Park, Illinois 1

  2. Chapter 15 Doors and Windows 2

  3. Introduction • Doors and windows perform several functions. • They shield an opening from the elements. • Add decoration and expand visibility. • Emphasize the overall design. • Provide light and ventilation. • Planning is necessary to provide maximum design and function. 3

  4. Interior and Exterior Doors • Several door classification systems are used to identify types of doors. • Two broad classes are interior and exterior doors. • Doors also may be grouped according to method of construction, uses, function, or location. • Doors are typically 6'-8" high and available in various widths. 4

  5. Interior Doors • Common types of interior doors include: • Flush, panel, bi-fold, sliding, pocket, double-action, accordion, Dutch, and French. • Interior doors should be at least 32" wide for wheelchair passage. • Lever or pull-handles may be easier for a handicapped person. (continued) 5

  6. Interior Doors • Flush Doors • Smooth on both sides. • Generally 1-3/8" thick. • Hollow-core doors with wood frame. • Available in widths of 2'-0" to 3'-0" in increments of 2". • Surfaces usually covered with 1/8" Masonite or plywood of mahogany or birch. (continued) 6

  7. Interior Doors • Flush door and symbol. (continued) 7

  8. Interior Doors • Panel Doors • Frame and panel construction. • Vertical frame members are called stiles. • Horizontal frame members are called rails. • Panels are thinner than frame and fill the space between stiles and rails. • Panels may be wood, glass, metal, etc. • Frame may be made from white pine, plastic, or other woods. (continued) 8

  9. Interior Doors • Left—Typical panel door. • Right—Panel door with plan view symbol. (continued) 9 (Morgan Products Ltd.)

  10. Interior Doors • Bi-Fold Doors • Two-part door, hinged in the center. • Supported with conventional hinges or secured to the head jamb and floor with a pivot hinge. • May be flush, paneled, or louvered. • Popular as closet doors. • Installed as pairs (panels 1'-0" to 2'-0" wide). • Heights of 6'-8" and 8'-0" available. • Wood or plastic 1-1/8" thick and metal 1" thick. (continued) 10

  11. Interior Doors • Left—Bi-fold door with panels. • Right—Bi-fold door with plan view symbol. (continued) 11 (Morgan Products Ltd.)

  12. Exterior Doors • Residential exterior and interior doors are similar in many ways, but have decided differences. • Exterior doors are generally solid core and thicker than interior doors. • Exterior doors may have one or more glass panels to provide visibility. • Exterior door styles include flush, panel, and swinging or sliding glass doors. (continued) 12

  13. Exterior Doors • These are standard plan view symbols of common exterior doors. (continued) 13

  14. Exterior Doors • Flush Doors • One of the most popular exterior doors. • Wood flush doors are generally 1-3/4" thick and 3'-0" wide; other widths are available. • Doors are made from birch, mahogany, oak, or metal. • Moldings or other decorative millwork may be added to enhance the appearance. (continued) 14

  15. Exterior Doors • This exterior flush door has decorative molding and a large, leaded-glass light. (continued) 15 (Peachtree Doors, Inc.)

  16. Exterior Doors • Panel Doors • Exterior panel doors are available in a great variety of styles. • They are constructed from white pine, oak, fir, various other woods, metal, and plastics. • Produced in the same sizes as flush doors. (continued) 16

  17. Exterior Doors • A traditional exterior panel door. (continued) 17

  18. Exterior Doors • Sliding glass door sizes. 18

  19. Specifying Doors • Each door used in a residential plan should appear in a door schedule. • The specifications for each door will appear in the door schedule. • Use manufacturers’ literature for specifications. • Place the door schedule on the sheet with the floor plan or elevations. (continued) 19

  20. Specifying Doors • Typical door schedule. 20

  21. Door Details • Most interior and exterior doors are placed in a door jamb. • The door jamb fits inside the rough opening. • Jambs may be wood or metal. • A jamb consists of two side jambs and a head jamb. • Exterior jambs are usually 1-1/8" thick and interior jambs are 3/4" thick. 21

  22. Door Jamb 22

  23. Windows • Windows • Admit light from outside. • Provide fresh air and ventilation. • Help create an atmosphere inside. • Add detail, balance, and design to the exterior of the house. 23

  24. Window Types • Many types of windows are available. • Most types have unique proportions. • Windows are made from wood, metal, or plastic. • Construction differs by manufacturer. • It is important to obtain window specifications from the manufacturer. (continued) 24

  25. Window Types • Typical windows. (continued) 25 (Caradco)

  26. Window Types • Typical windows. (continued) 26

  27. Window Types • There are three basic types of windows used in residential construction. • Sliding. • Swinging. • Fixed. • Combination windows combine two or more types. • Skylights and clerestory windows are location specific. 27

  28. Sliding Windows • Double-hung and horizontal sliding are the two types of sliding windows generally used in residential construction. • Double-hung windows have two major assemblies called sashes. • Each sash may be opened. • Muntins divide the glass area of a window into smaller units. • Mullions are placed between window units. (continued) 28

  29. Sliding Windows • Four different sizes are usually given for each window • Basic unit size: Overall dimensions of the window. • Rough opening size: Dimensions of the framed space in the wall. • Sash opening: Outside dimensions of sash. • Glass size: Inside dimensions of the sash. (continued) 29

  30. Double-Hung Window Details • Unit sizes. (continued) 30

  31. Horizontal Sliding Window Details • Unit sizes. (continued) 31

  32. Swinging Windows • There are four common types of swinging windows: • Casement, awning, hopper, and jalousie. • A casement window may have several sashes or a single sash. • Sashes are hinged at the side and swing outward. • Sashes may be opened using a crank or push bar. 32

  33. Casement Windows (continued) 33 (Marvin Windows)

  34. Casement Windows • Unit sizes. (continued) 34

  35. Casement Windows • A dashed line may be used in the elevation to indicate the hinge position. 35

  36. Awning Windows • Each sash in an awning window is hinged at the top. • May have one or more sashes. • Usually crank operated. (continued) 36 (Caradco)

  37. Awning Windows • Unit sizes. (continued) 37

  38. Hopper Windows (continued) 38 (Andersen Corporation)

  39. Hopper Windows • A hopper window is usually hinged at the bottom and swings inward. • Opened by a lock-handle at the top of the sash. • Usually made as a single unit only. • Popular for basements; directs air upward. • Inward swing is the major disadvantage. (continued) 39

  40. Hopper Windows • Unit sizes. (continued) 40

  41. Fixed Windows • Fixed windows provide a view and/or admit light. • They do not permit ventilation. • Usually custom made. • Do not open. • Examples include picture windows, circle top windows, and special shapes. 41

  42. Picture Windows • Picture windows are fixed-glass units. • They are usually rather large. • Generally frame a view. • Often the center unit of a group of regular windows. (continued) 42

  43. Picture Windows (continued) 43 (Pella/Rolscreen Company)

  44. Circle Top Windows • Circle top windows are typically installed above another window or installed as single units. • They are available as: • Quarter circles. • Half circles. • Ellipses. • Full circles. (continued) 44

  45. Circle Top Windows • Left—Circle top window with casement window. • Right—Circle top window with double-hung windows. (continued) 45 (Shouldice/Peachtree Doors, Inc.)

  46. Circle Top Windows • Unit sizes. (continued) 46

  47. Window Schedules • A window schedule provides information about each window in the house. • Types of information include: • Type of window and size. • Identifying symbol and quantity. • Rough opening size. • Manufacturer’s identification number. • See example of window schedule in text. 47