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Detailing. References: Jefferis, A. & Madsen, D. A. (2005). Architectural drafting and design (5 th ed.). Clifton Park, NY:Thomson. Allen, E. & Iano, J. (1990). Fundmentals of building construction (2 nd ed.). New York: Wiley & Sons.

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detailing

Detailing

References:

Jefferis, A. & Madsen, D. A. (2005). Architectural drafting and design (5th ed.). Clifton Park, NY:Thomson.

Allen, E. & Iano, J. (1990). Fundmentals of building construction (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley & Sons.

Wakita, O. A. & Linde, R. M. (2003). The Professional Practice of Architectural Working Drawings (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley and Sons.

architectural cabinetry
Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinetry types

Showcase

Furniture

Architectural mill

General cabinetry including kitchen cabinets

Economy

Inexpensive

architectural cabinetry1
Architectural Cabinetry

Parts Of Cabinets

Structure (carcasses)

Face frame

Base

Top

Drawers

Doors

architectural cabinetry2
Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery: Used In All Parts Of Cabinet Construction

Types

Butt Joint

The edge or end of one board butted up against another

In simple form very weak

Screws, dowel, and splines can be used to reinforce

architectural cabinetry3
Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Types

Panel joints

Join two or more narrow boards together into a larger panel.

Used to make table tops, panels for frame and panel construction

Edge joints

Join the edge of one board to the face of another.

Used in applying a face frame or trim to a cabinet carcass.

architectural cabinetry4
Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Types

Frame Joints

Join the end of a board to edge of another.

Used to join rails and stiles in frame and panel construction

Case joints

Join end of one board to the face of another

Used to make boxes cabinets and shelves.

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Types

Through joints: the parts of a joint can be seen as they pass through the other part of the joint

Blind joints: the reinforcing elements cannot be seen

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Types

Reinforced Joints - element that adds strength to joint

Dowel Butt joints

Used for all four types of butt joints

Can be pegged (dowels visible) or blind

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Types

Reinforced joint

Spline Butt joints

Spline joints use thin piece of wood called a spline

The spline fits into a groove cut into the both mating surfaces of the joint

Used for all types of butt joints.

Most applications (except frame joints) as strong as dowel joints

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Types

Rabbet Butt joints

Rabbet joint is a corner joint that has one shoulder

Still needs reinforcement-nails or screws

Usually used in L-shaped case joints on in edge joints

architectural cabinetry9
Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Types

Rabbet Butt joints, Con’t

Used to join the top of the cabinet to its sides; the back of the cabinet to the sides. When the back is placed in a rabbet the edge is completely hidden

Shiplap is a variation used in panel joints

Double rabbet is another variation

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Terms

Dado joints

Dado is a T shaped case joint.

Commonly used with rabbet joints in cabinet construction

Dadoes are use do attach the shelves to the sides of the cabinet

Because it has two shoulders the board is firmly held in place in three locations

Variations are stopped Dados and dovetail Dados

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Terms

Tongue and Groove joints

Made up of two parts the tongue and the groove

Generally a panel joint. Maybe reinforced

Can be used as a case joint to make either an l-shaped joint or a t-shaped joint

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Terms

Lap joints

Lap joints are primarily frame joints

Generally the lap is cut half way through one board, resulting in a flush condition.

Not inherently strong and need reinforcement.

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Terms

Mitre joints

Used where appearance is important

Hides the end grain of both boards

Can be a frame case or edge joint

Mitre are weak joints and must be reinforced

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Terms

Mitre joints

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Architectural Cabinetry

Joinery

Terms

Mortise and Tenon joints

One of the strongest frame joints

the tenon is a projection on the end of one board that fits into a mortise on the joining board

Mortise and tenon can be a blind joint or a through joint

Use whenever a great deal of strength is needed

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Types

Frame and panel

Skeleton frame

Case construction

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Types

Frame and panel

Traditional method of furniture construction

Best construction method when using solid wood

Accommodates the dimensional changes that occur with solid wood.

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Types

Frame and panel

Frame construction

Rails, stiles and mullions.

Generally hardwoods - because exposed

1/2" thick and generally are 1 1/2" to 2" wide can be up to 4" wide

Joined by using dowel, mortise and tenon or half-lap joints

It then makes a plane that can be assembled with other frames to make the cabinet.

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Types

Frame and panel

Panel Construction

Solid wood pieces joined using edge joints such as tongue and groove, butterfly, dowel, or spline joints

Grain matching is important.

Panels are attached to the frame in a dado joint

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Types

Skeleton Frame

Similar to frame and panel structure. Used for free standing furniture pieces

Frame is covered with a thin skin of plywood or particle board or hard board instead of infilled with a panel

This is similar to how houses are framed. The skin adds rigidity to the frame

Quality of the frame and its joinery is covered with the skin.

architectural cabinetry21
Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Types

Case Construction

Suited to the use of plywood which is dimensionally stable

The common joints used in this situation are dadoes and rabbet joints sometimes mitre joints are used as well

Generally reinforced with splines, screws or dowels

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Face Frame

The face frame is a frame that is applied to the front edges of the carcass

Generally important element of case frame structure as it hides the exposed edges of the carcass

It also provides a solid attaching point for hinges.

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Structure

Base

Made of 2x4 lumber. (larger cabs )

Raises the cabinet off floor

Provide space for the toe kick.

Stretchers are beveled to provide stability on an uneven floor

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Doors

Face Style

Lipped

Most inexpensive because of ease of installation

Flush overlay

Cover the face frame and have clean modern type lines

Flush

Flush are the most expensive type doors -most difficult to craft must fit the frame perfectly.

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Doors

Types

Flush - face is flat and continuous

Raised panel - frame and panel type construction used. The panel may have center area raised

Frame and Panel construction can also be used for glass doors as well

Doors are subject to a great deal of warping. Be careful to specify stable material. 3/4 inch thick plywood minimum. Lumber core plywood best.

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Architectural Cabinetry

Cabinet

Doors

Drawers

Construction

Drawer is basically a box

Constructed to have a very strong bottom and back and a front that can be pulled

Installation

Center glides

Side glides

Corner glides

Tilt strip- not used with hardware guides, or side guides that use a dado cut into the drawer

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Architectural Cabinetry

Kitchen Cabinets

Type

Wall (upper) cabinets

Base cabinets

Sizes

Codes specify minimum and maximum height, depth and clearance between wall and bottom cabinets

Wall cabinets

Typically 12" deep - 12-48" tall

Base cabinets

30-36" high

Width can vary (generally 3" increments

24" deep

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Architectural Cabinetry

Kitchen Cabinets

Construction Classification

AWI grades

Economy

Custom

Premium

All three grades use case frame construction

Differences derived from quality of:

- Materials used for exposed, semi exposed and concealed surfaces

- Joinery

- Thoroughness of construction

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Architectural Cabinetry

Kitchen Cabinets

Construction Classification

AWI

Exposed Surfaces: Surfaces That Are Visible When:

Drawers and opaque doors are closed

Behind clear glass doors

Bottoms of cabinets 42” or more above finish floor

Semi Exposed Surfaces: Surfaces That Become Visible When:

Opaque doors are open or drawers are extended

Bottoms of cabinets are more than 30” and ales than 42” above finished floor

Concealed Surfaces: Surfaces Considered Concealed When:

Surfaces are not visible after installation

Bottoms of cabinets are not visible 30” above finish floor

Tops of cabinets over 78” above finish floor and not visible form an upper level.

Stretchers, blocking, and components concealed by drawers.

architectural cabinetry30
Architectural Cabinetry
  • Kitchen Cabinets
  • Construction Classification
  • Materials For Case Frames
  • Plywood:
  • Hardwood (broad leaf trees) Softwood (conifers)
  • Three types:
  • - 5 to 7 veneer ply plywood
  • - Lumber core plywood
  • - Particle board core with hardwood veneer plywood
  • Surface quality is graded by how many imperfections per area
  • Grade 1 is best
  • Grade 3 is worst